Jesus was a Muslim. Yes you read that correctly, Jesus was a Muslim and one of the mightiest messengers of Allaah swt. Jesus came from the same prophetic traditions as Adam, David, Moses, Solomon, and all of the Prophets whom all came with the same message of Tawhid or Pure Monotheism. The worship of only the One God which is Allah swt.
Every Muslim believes in the virgin birth of Jesus from Marium (Mary). You cannot be a Muslim if you do not believe this. Muslims believe that Jesus was the Messiah, that he was the word of God, and that he will return and kill the anti-Christ. However, Muslims do not believe that Jesus is God or the son of God. This is considered blasphemous in Islam and constitutes Shirk which is an unforgivable sin. Muslims do not believe in the crucifixion either, instead Muslims believe that Allah swt protected Jesus and brought him up to heaven while putting his likeness or resemblance on the cross. This is interesting in light of the fact that the Gospel of Thomas said that Judas was the one found on the cross and that Judas was the twin or lookalike of Jesus. In fact Thomas in Ancient Greek means Twin.
When Jesus prayed, he did not pray to himself, he prayed to Allah swt. He also said that he did nothing on his own but only with the permission of the Lord in the Heavens.
Jesus was a shining example of how to live and in fact there is more information preserved about Jesus in the Islamic texts than in the Christian texts. Jesus even prayed as the modern day Muslims.
title: God’s Names in the Bible,
Many names of God are common in the Bible. However, a short look at them make us realize the clear contradiction Jews and Christians got in regarding their God.
When asked about the name of God in the Bible, especially in the Old Testament, Christian thinkers answer that “the God of the Jews or the Old Testament is such and such”, and the image in our minds reveals that the God of the Old Testament is different from the God of the New Testament. Upon such contradiction about were the two from Two gods or one God!
On the Jewish side, we find the same thing. They monopolize the name of God. The name of God – according to the Jews – is sacred, and it is not proper for the common people to utter it and it should be pronounced by a certain sect of them only!
By asking about the many names of God in the Old Testament, they show that they are only titles, and do not denote multiple deities. Among these names mentioned in the Bible and in the Old Testament in particular:
Many Bible commentators claim that it is a word which denotes the name of God in the plural. Among the texts that mention such a Hebrew name of God are:
“In the beginning God (Elohim according to Hebrew version) created the heaven and the earth..” (Genesis 1: 1)
This name denotes “master” or the owner of heaven and earth.
“My soul, you have said to Yahweh, “You are my Lord. Apart from you I have no good thing.”.” (Psalm 16:2).
Eil Shadai (שַׁדַּ֔י (šad·day)
Meaning “al-the most Powerful/ The Almighty Lord”:
“And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, Jehovah appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am God Almighty (אֲנִי־ (’ă·nî-) אֵ֣ל (’êl) שַׁדַּ֔י (šad·day)); walk before me, and be thou perfect”
It is one of the most important names of God in the Bible that a sect called Jehovah’s Witnesses, a mixture of Judaism and Christianity calling for God as having only this name has emerged,! Among those texts contained it are:
“ “You are my witnesses,” says Yahweh/ Jehovah, “With my servant whom I have chosen; that you may know and believe me, and understand that I am he. Before me there was no God formed, neither will there be after me.” (Isaiah 43: 10-13)
“God said moreover to Moses, “You shall tell the children of Israel this, ‘Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations.” (Exodus 3:15)
There are also many other names which include:
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-JIREH,” God will manage” (Genesis 22:14)
– Jehovah/YAHWEH-RAPHA “The Healing Lord” (Exodus 15:26)
– Yahweh/YAHWEH-NISSI “The Lord is our memorial” (Exodus 17:15)
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-M’KADDESH “The Lord who sanctifies” (Leviticus 20: 8; Ezekiel 28:37)
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SHALOM “The Lord, our peace” (Judges 6:24 (Genesis 2: 4; Psalm 59: 5), meaning the Lord of lords.
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-TSIDKENU “Jehovah/Yahweh (The Lord) (is) our righteousness” (Jeremiah 16:33)
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-ROHI/My Spirit “The Lord is my Shepherd (Psalm 23: 1)
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SHAMMAH “The Lord Is There” (Ezekiel 48:35) – (Ezekiel 8-11) – (Ezekiel 44: 1-4).
-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SABAOTH “Lord of hosts” (Isaiah 1:24; Psalm 46: 7)
-EL ELYON “Higher” (Deuteronomy 19:26), ,Meaning “the Most High God”.
– EL ROI “God of Vision/seeing” (Genesis 16:13)
-EL-OLAM “The Eternal God” (Psalm 103: 90)
-EL-GIBHOR “God Almighty” (Isaiah 6: 9) – (Revelation 19:15).
In fact, a lot of confusion prevailed in this aspect of the two sects of Jews and Christians. They mixed the names of God with His attributes, so you hardly find a disciplinary measure for distinction between them; we find out that they have considered many of God’s actions and attributes as his names!
We, also, feel confusion on another side. The translators of the Bible were confused about the name of god so that one of the two groups may not monopolize it, or the New Testament supporters may not be disdained or rejected.
Therefore, translators resorted to a general word, which is “Lord or God”. In the Arabic translations of the two Testaments God names were translated to the Arabic general word “Al-Rab (i.e. God).” They have thus escaped from a stalemate to a more severe stalemate, falling into absurd justifications for the Trinity by claiming that all divine names in the Old-Testament should be given to Jesus (who was not yet born) or the Holy Spirit. In his book “The Names of God in the Bible”, Dr Minis even claimed that all God’s names in the Old Testament should at least bear the prophecy of trinity!
As for Islam, we do not find embarrassment in the multiplicity of the Names of God Almighty. What, however, is forbidden is to mix them with polytheism in any form like the belief that they denote different gods or the multiplicity of Gods as Christians believe. Allah Almighty said in the Qur’an:
“And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing..” (180: 7)
“Say, “Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Merciful. Whichever [name] you call – to Him belong the best names.” And do not recite [too] loudly in your prayer or [too] quietly but seek between that an [intermediate] way. “.(17:110)
“He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (24:59)
The People of the Book, Jews and Christians, fell into deviation and polytheism in the names and attributes of God. So, we read in the Bible that God cries, regrets, and fears! We see manifestations of degrade for God in likening him to creatures!
It is even worse that Christians, who followed the way of the pagans, polytheists and idol-worshipers, translated the word “Lord or God” to refer to Christ or made Christ a partner or a match to Allah.
The Muslim Imam At-Tabari, (a well-known Muslim interpreter of the Noble Qur’an) says about the interpretation of the aforementioned Qur’anic verse (180: 7): “Their polytheistic approach in the names of God was through giving the names of God to their gods or idols. They increased in them and decreased them. They even called one of their gods “Lat”, deriving it from the word “Allah”, and the other god “Uza”, as a derivation from the name of God, “Al-Aziz.”
After this verse, God has shown that there is a nation among other nations that did not fall into such aberration and delusion; it is the nation of Islam.
Muslims believed in God as one Lord and did not fall in deviation as regard to His names or attributes. They kept him away from any shortfall and singled him with worship:
“And whoever created us will lead a nation to be guided by truth, and through it they will be righteous” (181: 7)
The Qur’an, moreover, justly recommend a group of the People of the Book before Islam, who followed Moses, peace be upon him, and did not fall into such aberration and delusion:
“And among the people of Moses is a community which guides by truth and by it establishes justice.” (159: 7)
-Dr. Pastor Mounis Abdel Nour, God’s Names in the Holy Bible, Cairo.
-The Holy Quran (via / tanzil.ne)
-The Bible (via biblehub.com)
tags: all-god-names-in-the-bible / featured-image / god-changes-names-in-the-bible / god-name-in-the-bible-verses / god-names-in-the-bible-and-meaning / god-names-in-the-bible-pdf / gods-different-names-in-the-bible / gods-many-names-in-the-bible / gods-names-in-the-bible / gods-names-in-the-bible-and-their-meanings / names-given-by-god-in-the-bible / names-in-the-bible-changed-by-god / what-are-gods-names-in-the-bible / what-is-all-god-names-in-the-bible /
title: Crucial Facts That Should Be Known about Jesus,
General And Crucial Facts Should Be Known about Jesus Christ
In the Islamic doctrine, there is no doubt that the Christ son of Mary (`Eisa son of Mariam), is a human being and a Messenger of Allah, so non-Muslims especially Christians should recognize the following facts:
First, `Eisa is human born from mother without father; he is like our mother Eve who was created from Adam without mother.
Second, he is a Messenger of Allah like other Messengers of great hardihood.
Third, he called Bani Israel to worship only Allah who is `Eisa’s Lord and their Lord.
Fourth, he was neither killed nor crucified; but lifted up to heaven.
Fifth, he is still alive in heaven.
Sixth, he will descend, break the cross and kill the false Christ.
Seventh, he will rule on the earth for forty years with the Holy Quran as it is the Last word of Allah.
Eighth, he will die in this world and resurrect as other Prophets and human beings.
Ninth, on the Resurrection Day, Allah (Exalted be He) will directly inquire about the deity question of the Christ (peace be upon him) and his mother Mariam in front of those who took him and his mother as gods with Allah (Exalted be He) so that they can hear the Christ when he will whitewash himself in fear and surprise from what they lied on him in this World. Tenth, every human being is destined to die once only in this world and if `Eisa (peace be upon him) died, he would not come down by the end of time. Eleventh, Bani Israel differ in their belief in regard to the nature of Jesus (AS).
Besides, the Jews forged the Holy Books, see (4:46)
“Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places,…” Ultimately, the trinity doctor proved to be forged and untruthful.
Also see the following ayas i.e. verses ( 5: 72, 73 – 75):
(72) They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.
(73) They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.
(75) Christ the son of Mary was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!
The Holy Qur’an Denies the Trinity Doctrine
However, the corrupted Christian doctrine, trinity, continued to the time of Messenger Mohammed peace and blessings of Allah be upon him who is sent to all Mankind and calls all nations to the doctrine of Monotheism (Tawhid). The Holy Qur’an attacks the trinity doctrine and points out that it is false and that there is no god but Allah. Furthermore, the Holy Qur’an denies the deity of the Christ and assures that he is just a Messenger of Allah and His word (Exalted be He ) endowed to Mariam mother of Jesus. See (5: 116-117),
(116) And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah´?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden.
(117) “Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say, to wit, ´worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord´; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.
To conclude, Allah (Exalted be He) calls those who led astray and worshipped Jesus to repent and return to Allah the Lord of the Christ and their Lord and worship Him alone (Exalted be He), otherwise they shall be thrown into Hellfire. See (5:74),
“Why turn they not to Allah, and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.”
Dr. Ahmad Muhammad Al khalidi is Researcher and translator, EL teacher and lecturer, an old member in the presentation to Islam committee.
tags: adventist-trinity-doctrine / difference-between-trinity-and-doctrine / doctrine-about-trinity / featured-image / holy-trinity-a-doctrine / the-question-of-trinity-doctrine / the-trinity-doctrine / the-trinity-doctrine-in-scripture / the-trinity-doctrine-origin / the-trinity-doctrine-pdf-doctrine-trinity-bible / trinity-doctrine-catholic / trinity-doctrine-catholic-encyclopedia / trinity-doctrine-definition / trinity-doctrine-explained / trinity-doctrine-heresy / trinity-doctrine-history / trinity-doctrine-in-the-bible / trinity-doctrine-not-biblical / trinity-doctrine-origin /
title: The Promised Son,
By Faten Sabri
“Say, [O believers], ‘We have believed in Allah (The Creator) and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.’ ” (Qur’an 2:136)
Although Muslims don’t deny Prophet Isaac’s Prophecy, but the Promised Son for them was Prophet Ishmael (the father of Arabs), from whom Prophet Muhammad arose as the last Prophet.
Muslims don’t believe that the Old Testament and the New Testament are the word of God, but they believe that both have a valid source which is the Torah and the Gospel (God’s revelations to the Prophets Moses and Jesus Christ). Therefore, some parts of them are from God and others not. Both the Old Testament and the new testaments suffered severe changes to hide the truth of the Prophecy of the coming Prophet Muhammad and the importance of the city of Makkah, and for many other reasons.
The following explanation can help many to understand what that means:
God made a covenant with Prophet Abraham before both Of His Sons Were Born
“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abraham and said, ‘To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.’” (Genesis 15:18)
All the descendants of Prophet Ishmael settled in Arabia, this area is located between the Nile and the Euphrates.
“His descendants (Ishmael) settled in the area from Havilah to Shur, near the eastern border of Egypt, as you go toward Ashur,.. “(Genesis 25:18)
Havila, according to the Bible placed in southwest Arabia, while Ashur is located on the north-eastern border of Egypt, and Ashur was the capital of the Old Assyrian Empire (Iraq today).
Therefore, the descendants of Ishmael settled this area extending south of the Hijaz (Arabia) and north, which includes the land of Paran (Makkah according to the Bible), which was inhabited by Ishmael.
Hagar Is A legal Wife To Prophet Abraham
“So after Abraham had been living in Canaan ten years, Sara his wife took her Egyptian slave Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife.” (Genesis 16:3)
Ishmael Is A Legal Son To Prophet Abraham
Ishmael means ‘God hears.’ That God accepted the supplication of Abraham to give him a son. The name Ishmael was chosen by God. It was never mentioned in the Old Testament that Ishmael was an illegitimate son.
“The angel of the Lord also said to her: ‘You are now pregnant and you will give birth to a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the Lord has heard of your misery.’” (Genesis 16:11)
God Promised To Make From Ishmael A Great Nation And Honors Him
“And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. “ (Genesis 17:20)
The Promised Son
“Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, ‘Abraham’ ‘Here I am,’ he replied. Then God said, ‘Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.’”(Genesis 22:1-2)
A contradiction was found here; it is mentioned that ‘take your only son Isaac’. Ishmael was the only son of Prophet Abraham for fourteen years, till the birth of Prophet Isaac. When Isaac was born, Abraham had two sons. The name of Ishmael was changed to Isaac. But the word ‘only’ preserved by the mercy of God to show us the truth.
According to the biblical verse below Hagar and Ishmael were sent a way because of Sara’s jealousy. In Islam this incident happened because of God’s plan and it took place before the birth of Prophet Isaac. By reading the following biblical verses we can understand that the Islamic version of the story is more accurate.
“The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, ‘Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.’” (Genesis 21:8)
“Early the next morning Abraham took some food and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put the child upon her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She went on her way and wandered in the Desert of Beersheba. When the water in the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes.” (Genesis 21:14-15)
Abraham was 86 years old when Ishmael was born.
“Abraham was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore him Ishmael.” (Genesis 16:16)
And he was one hundred years old when Isaac was born.
“Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.” (Genesis 21:5)
It is concluded that Ishmael was fourteen years old when Isaac was born. This is because as mentioned, the incident happened after Isaac was weaned, and their tradition was that the child is weaned about the age of three. Therefore, when Hagar and Ishmael moved, Ishmael was a full grown teenager of about seventeen years old. A teenager can’t be lifted up and to be put under the bushes, according to biblical verse Ishmael must have been a baby not a teenager. Therefore, according to Muslim’s point of view it is another contradiction in the Old Testament.
Ishmael Was Circumcised Before The Birth Of Isaac
“And Abraham was ninety years old and nine when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the self-same day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.” (Genesis 17:24-27)
Abraham, Ishmael, and the men of Abraham’s family were circumcised, but Isaac was not born at that time. Isaac was born a year later, and he was circumcised at the age of eight.
“And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. And Abraham was a hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.” (Genesis 21:4-5)
So when the covenant was made (circumcision and sacrifice) Abraham was ninety-nine and Ishmael was thirteen. Isaac was born a year later, when Abraham was one hundred years old.
Abraham Is A pure Monotheist
Prophet Abraham is the ancestor of Judah, Judah whom the Jews came from, is a descendant of Prophet Abraham, so Abraham cannot be a Jew simply because he is not a follower of Judah.
“Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [Monotheist]. And he was not of the polytheists.” (Qur’an 3:67)
Judah taught his people the religion of Prophet Abraham and the religion of all the Prophets who came before him which is Pure Monotheism (believe in One God and unifying Him in worship). Which is The exact definition of the religion of Islam, the religion which started from Prophet Adam and ended with the coming of Prophet Muhammad by shifting the religious leadership to the Arabs and the direction of the prayer to Makkah.
About The Author:
Faten Sabri (1973-) is a modern Jordanian Muslim thinker. She is well known for her frequent interaction with various cultures, religions and she speaks different languages. She studied comparative religions which made her able to discuss the controversial issues about Islam with the truth seekers and free thinkers.She wrote books about the message of Islam, the original concept of God and Jesus Christ in Islam and she has monthly articles in an international magazines. These books and articles were translated and distributed in more than 9 languages.
tags: featured-image / gods-promised-son / isaac-promised-son / promised-son-of-abraham-and-sarah / sarah-promised-son / the-promised-son / the-promised-son-of-abraham-and-sarah /
title: Faith-And-Moral Issues Between The Qur’an And The Bible: (1) The Ten Commandments,
The Ten Commandments are one of the greatest teachings that Prophet Moses, peace be upon him, came with. In Christianity and Islam as well, we find similar teachings that are sometimes identical and may exceed them.
According to some Christians, they are “essential and obligation; no one can be excused from being bound by them!”
The New Testament gives a hint at them: Christ was asked:
“Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?”. “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments. “Which ones?” he inquired. Jesus replied, “‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother,’ and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.'” “All these I have kept,” the young man said. “What do I still lack?” Jesus answered, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.’ “(Matthew, 19: 16-21).
Also in Matthew (22: 35-40), we find:
“One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments”. (Matthew, 22: 35-40).
According to some: “These two commandments relate to the whole law and all the prophets” and were considered “A summary of the basic laws of conduct for humanity. Jews and Christians refer to them in order to learn from how to lead a moral life.”
Pope John Paul II said, “The Ten Commandments are not obligations imposed on us by a tyrant deity. They safe our family’s day and all our coming days”.
They are, according to the Old Testament as follows:
“Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.The Ten Commandments in Islam”
“Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you”.
“You shall not murder”.
“You shall not commit adultery”.
“You shall not steal”.
“You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor”.
“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” (Exodus, 20: 10-17)”.
Islam came with much of these teachings and with more other commandments! it was Say,
“Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them. And do not approach immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason.” And do not approach the orphan’s property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not charge any soul except [with that within] its capacity. And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative. And the covenant of Allah fulfill. This has He instructed you that you may remember. And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous”. (6 : 151-153).
Many other commandments are also mentioned in Allah’s saying:
“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving. And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully. Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful. And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word. And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent. Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing. And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin. And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. ……”. (17: 23-38)
Regarding the prohibition of unlawful killing, it says:
“And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly – We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law] (17:33)
As for tackling monotheism (tawhid) and the unity of God, the Qur’anic, the Islamic scripture, teachings in most of its contents refer to monotheism:
God Almighty praises (Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”)(112: 1-4).
This surah has been considered a third of the Qur’an because it included establishing monotheism, which permeates the teachings of the Holy Qur’an much!
Islam, unprecedently, has exceeded these commandments, added much clarifications and benefits, and brought some new rulings and regulations regarding them. While forbidding adultery, Islam sets forth unprecedented rulings as regards adultery-accusations, male and female adulterer respective states of the adulterer, consequences of accusation whether the punishment should be mitigated or strengthened, deferred or abolished.
The same applies to the crime of theft. Islam lays the appropriate punishment fit to such a heinous crime. It gives details of evidence of the accusation of theft and also takes into account the conditions of the thief and the crime of theft.
According to Islamic beliefs, God has commanded the faithful servants in the Qur’an with many commandments, the most important of which are the ten commandments that were included in the three verses of Surat Al-Anam and also mentioned in verses of Surat (chapter of) Al-Isra.
The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbids making statues (which could lead to their worship).
“Abu Hurairah, a prominent companion of the Prophet -may Allah be pleased with him- says: The Messenger of God, may Allah’s peace and prayers be upon him, says: Who is more wrongdoing than the one who tries to create like my creation. Let him create an atom(ant) or a grain of wheat or that of barley”.
The Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, also said:
“The most tormented people (on the Day of Judgement) are the sculptors (or cravers)”.
As for the forbidden false oath, which was stated in the Bible as: “Do not utter the name of the Lord your God in vain,” Islam has forbade swearing by God in vain; such oath was condemned by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that he called it Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus (the one which casts its doer in the Hellfire). However, we find false applications of this concept on the Christian side; we see many of them swearing by faith rather than by God, although the Bible teachings forbids to swear by God falsely only and do not discourage them from swearing by God truthfully! The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, says:
“Whoever wants to swear let him swear by God (Allah) only”.
We, moreover, find many texts in the prophetic Sunnah that show the different rulings on oath: How to preserve or break it.
The Sunnah of the Prophet abounds with talking about being kind to one’s parents: The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:
“A person will not recompense their parents their right except that he finds them slaves and free them (i.e. s/he cannot recompense them their right) “(Narrated by Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah).
As for the glorification of the Sabbath or other days, it was a test for the Jews who violated the sanctity of God’s commands; God afflicted them with the Sabbath. According to Islam, there are many days which are blessed by God and have merits:
“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him].)” (9: 36).
As for the prohibition on killing. Islam forbids killing others unlawfully. It legalizes death-penalty for those who deserve it and violates God’s law Almighty says:
“And do not kill the soul that God has forbidden except by the truth.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, said: : It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of God except for one of three: being a Thayiib (married or divorced) fornicator, killing others, and the one who leaves his religion and become an apostate dissenting from Muslims”.
The forbidding of false testimony finds support in the Qur’an. Islam condemns those who do false testimony. According to the Qur’an, one of the characteristics of the servants of the Most Merciful that they do not do false testimony. The Prophet, as well, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, stresses the prohibition of such testimony saying:
“Should I not inform you about the most grievous of the grave sins? (The Holy Prophet) repeated it three times, and then said: Associating partners with Allah, disobedience to parents, false testimony or false utterance. The Prophet was reclining, then he sat down, and repeated it so many times that we wished that he was silent”.
Thus, we see the comprehensiveness of Islamic commandments. Islam adds more noble commandments which are not even found in the Bible or any other scripture. It encourages observation of one’s promises or covenants, being kind or charitable to the orphans, encouraging justice and giving full scales or balance while selling to others and the fear of God Almighty!.
-Catechism of the Catholic Youth – in Arabic, a group of bishops with the approval of Pope Benedict XVI, Patriarchal Youth Office, Bkerke 2012, pp. 192-193).
tags: a-list-of-the-ten-commandments-catholic / a-summary-of-the-ten-commandments / an-explanation-of-the-ten-commandments / commandments-bible / faith-and-moral-issues-between-the-quran-and-the-bible-1-the-ten-commandments / featured-image / the-ten / the-ten-commandments-and-their-meanings / the-ten-commandments-bible-story / the-ten-commandments-bible-study / the-ten-commandments-bible-verse-kjv / the-ten-commandments-cast / the-ten-commandments-catholic / the-ten-commandments-chapter / the-ten-commandments-deuteronomy / the-ten-commandments-in-bible / the-ten-commandments-in-the-bible / the-ten-commandments-list /
title: Important Notes on Celebrating Christmas,
Many Christians worldwide celebrate Christmas (on Dec. 25th of the Gregorian calendar according to Western Churches, and Eastern Christians observed Christmas on Dec. 25th of the Julian calendar, which corresponds to Jan. 7th of the Gregorian calendar) as a holy festival. However, going through the Bible, we found out that Christmas is not “holy”!
Jesus’ Date Of Birth Is “Equivocal”
Christians should not celebrate Christmas because they cannot identify a clear-cut day for the birth of Jesus or nativity! The Bible makes only generalizations about Jesus’ Birth:
“Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.” (Matthew 2:1-12)
“And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth,” (Luke 1:14)
Christ could not have born in December because the incident of the birth of Jesus tells that there were shepherds who tended their flocks at the time in winter! (Luke 2:8). Churches even differed as to the identification of the day of the birth of Jesus; according to the western Roman Empire it should be on December 25 and on January 6 in the East. So even think that Jesus was crucified on the same day he was born.
Jerold Aust, a Christian writer, says “Somewhere in the Gospel of Luke, it speaks of the nativity scene. An angel told some shepherds that were keeping their sheep in the fields at night that the baby Jesus was born in Bethlehem. I think they went to see Jesus at that time. I soon learned that the Bible didn’t teach Christmas. I also found that its origins have nothing to do with the Bible. It was an important lesson about things I’d long assumed to be true.”
Christmas Is “A Grave Sin”
According to some Christian clerics the observation of Christmas is a grave sin: “As [the early Catholic theologian] Origen (late as A.D. 245) views as sinful the very idea of keeping the birthday of Christ”.
Christmas is absent from Jesus’ teachings and writings of early Christians like Irenaeus and Tertullian. There is no explicit text conveying the celebration of the birth of Jesus or even foretelling the occasion. It is a tradition which he did not encourage and was not imitated by the disciples who followed Jesus’ command:
“Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ. Now I commend you because you remember me in everything and maintain the traditions even as I delivered them to you”.(1 Corinthians 11:1-2)
Christmas Is “A Heretic Rite”
According to Jesus’ teachings Christmas is a heretic rite which Christians should not observe because Jesus warned his followers against going,
“beyond the things that are written” (1 Corinthians 4:6.) And he says, “If you love me, keep my commandments” (John 14:15).
Peter also cites the following words,
“As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance, but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, since it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”( 1 Peter 1:14-16).
Christmas Is “A Pagan Tradition”
Many modern thinkers of Christianity have been viewing Christmas as a “pagan tradition”. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the early Christians opposed the “pagan custom of celebrating birthdays.” Christians were facing the roman pagan influence which brought many pagan festivals to their rituals!
Ecclesiastical rites related to Christmas were invented by the Church to present an alternative and combat the influence of the public-pressure welcoming the pagan traditions.
There are many Christian authorities throughout history which banned Christmas and deemed it an “act of atheism”. It was banned by Puritans in England, associating it with “drunkenness and other misbehavior”!
In light of these facts, it is quite clear that Christians have deviated from the true message of Prophet Jesus. Thanks to Prophet Muhammad whose message has been a rectification to Prophet Jesus’ message. Prophet Muhammad came with the Qura’n (Muslims’ Scripture) which ordered him to,
“Say, “O People of the Scripture (i.e. Jews and Christians), you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.”(5:68)
the Christians are encouraged by Prophet Muhammad to follow the pristine teachings of Christ which order them to follow Prophet Muhammad and know Christ’s real message of Islamic monotheism and noble teachings. If they did so, they will be loved by God and admitted to paradise.
The Qur’an asserts this fact saying,
“And if only the People of the Scripture had believed and feared Allah, We would have removed from them their misdeeds and admitted them to Gardens of Pleasure. And if only they upheld [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to them from their Lord, they would have consumed [provision] from above them and from beneath their feet. Among them are a moderate community, but many of them – evil is that which they do.” (5:65)
-Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition, 1910, Vol. 6.
-Pruitt, Sarah (2012). Why is Christmas celebrated on Dec. 25th? .
-Gryboski, Michael (2012). Why the Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas on Jan. 7th.
tags: can-a-christian-celebrate-christmas / celebrate-a-pagan-christmas / celebrate-christmas / celebrate-christmas-but-not-religious / celebrate-christmas-from-the-bible / celebrating-christmas-bible-verse / celebrating-christmas-biblical / christian-do-not-celebrate-christmas / christian-does-not-celebrate-christmas / do-not-celebrate-christmas / featured-image / i-do-not-celebrate-christmas / should-a-christian-celebrate-christmas / we-should-not-celebrate-christmas / what-religion-does-not-celebrate-christmas-or-birthdays / what-religions-do-not-celebrate-christmas-or-birthdays / why-do-not-celebrate-christmas / why-should-i-not-celebrate-christmas / why-should-not-christians-celebrate-christmas / why-we-should-not-celebrate-christmas / why-you-should-not /
title: Morals between Bible and Quran: Divine Decree and Predestination (2),
The Christian concept of divine decree , fate or destiny is marred by ambiguity. In searching of Christians’ understanding of this belief, we found a conflict of opinions. Some Christians reject the existence of this belief altogether; others make a distinction between faith in decree and predestination. They believe in the first while rejecting the second !
Father Michael Mena, says: “As for fate is the matter through which things are predestined without extravagance or shortcoming. In other words, it is a just requital in which a person may have a just reward or punishment for his/her acts. Such idea of decree and predestination does not exist in Christianity, but rather is taken from pagan acts of worship where they believe that their gods may value certain works, calamities or good things. In Christianity, the compulsory decree may be found in celestial bodies which have certain paths that are compelled to walk through”.
Another Christian thinker says: “Christianity does not believe in decree and destiny. This is an Islamic thought, but that everything is subject to the authority of our living God. We believe in the power of prayer and the response of the Lord who does anything for the sake of his loved ones. God does not compel anyone and does not judge anyone wrongly on the pretext of fatalism and the saying that everything is judgment.”
The Islamic vision and understanding of divine decree and predestination is considered to be reasonable and comprehensive. Allah-glory be to him- does not compel anyone to choose a thing or do it. He previously knew what to happen in future and wrote it.
Fathers have fallen into the misunderstanding and confusion of the reality of such concept, as their views were based on the apparent injustice of the Lord!
Father Michael says, “God’s decree confirms the result of human actions and the freedom of their will to choose their actions. But Christianity rejects the compulsory decree of the idea of a person being judged before he is born to live as a disbeliever, a murderer or an adulterer. This is injustice and lack of knowledge of a just God. A murderer or adulterer, on the day of judgment, will be held accountable for something that was written upon him before s/he was born; even if the infidel repented or prayed to God, it is written that he should be so. Those beliefs are rejected by Christianity.”
The Islamic point of destiny requires that God Almighty wrote what he knew that would be in future and no one was forced into his destiny, but they were given what they chose to do and this is what Christians could not understand, even though many texts contained in the Bible indicate the two aspects of compulsion and choice:
“to carry out the sentence written against them– this is the glory of all his faithful people. Praise the LORD.” (Psalm 9: 149)
“But now, please forgive their sin–but if not, then blot me out of the book you have written.” ” (Exodus, 32/32).
“This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live.” (Deuteronomy, 30:19).
“Then Joshua said, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen to serve the LORD.” “Yes, we are witnesses,” they replied..” (Joshua 24:22).
With these texts, Christians cannot reject the principle of fate, decree, predestination or judgment, but it is the misunderstanding that has made them reject it or make wrong interpretations to it. Divine decree or predestination is addressed in the Qur’an with a comprehensive understanding:
“There is not to be upon the Prophet any discomfort concerning that which Allah has imposed upon him. [This is] the established way of Allah with those [prophets] who have passed on before. And ever is the command of Allah a destiny decreed”. (33:38)
“And to Allah are [all] matters returned.” (8:44)
“No disaster strikes except by permission of Allah. And whoever believes in Allah – He will guide his heart. And Allah is Knowing of all things”. (24:22)(
Also such a doctrine finds a support in the Sunnah (narrations) of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him):
The Prophet, (PBUH), said:
“You will believe in good and bad destiny.” And he, peace and blessings of God be upon him, said: “Know that what was to affect you, will not happen to you,.”and what was not to affect you, will not happen to you”.
“A believer who is strong (and healthy) is better and dearer to Allah than the weak believer, but there is goodness in both of them. Be keen on what benefits you and seek help from Allah, and do not give up. If anything afflicts you do not say, ‘If I had done such and such things, such and such would have happened.’ But say, ‘Allah decrees and what He wills He does,’ for (the utterance) ‘If I had’ provides an opening for the deeds of the devil.” Related by Muslim.”
“The creation of you (humans) is gathered in the form of semen in the womb of your mother for forty days, then it becomes a clinging thing in similar (period), then it becomes a lump of flesh like that, then Allah sends an angel who breathes the life into it; and (the angel) is commanded to record four things about it: Its provision, its term of life (in this world), its conduct; and whether it will be happy or miserable. By the One besides Whom there is no true god! Verily, one of you would perform the actions of the dwellers of Jannah until there is only one cubit between him and it (Jannah), when what is foreordained would come to pass and he would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell until he enter it. And one of you would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell, until there is only one cubit between him and Hell. Then he would perform the acts of the dwellers of Jannah until he would enter it.”[Al- Bukhari and Muslim].
If you are to collect the texts of the Bible together, you will reach the same understanding, but the ecclesiastical misinterpretation of the texts carries with it an approach that contradicts the requirements of sound thinking. Jesus is reported to have said
“Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground outside your Father’s care.” (Matthew. 10:29).
Islam, in its comprehensiveness of the concept of destiny, raises the value of acts. Allah-glory be to him- hided the fate of every act so that no one may take it as a pretext for his evil or good act although the acts themselves are created by God (Allah). The Prophet (PBUH) says,
“None will enter Paradise but will be shown the place he would have occupied in the (Hell) Fire if he had rejected faith, so that he may be more thankful; and none will enter the (Hell) Fire but will be shown the place he would have occupied in Paradise if he had faith, so that may be a cause of sorrow for him.” (Sahih al-Bukhari).
Al-Bayhaqi says, “It is known that the actions are more than things, Had the people were the creators of all their acts or their deeds they would be superior to God who would the creator of things only! Therefore, the deeds of people are created the will of all because God Almighty said: “And God created you and what you do.”
-Theology, Father Michael Mena.
-Belief by Bayhaqi
tags: allahs-predestination-and-decree / belief-in-predestination-and / decree-i-chinese / decree-meaning / decree-of / difference-between / divine-decree / ecree / featured-image / gods-predestination-and-decree / i-decree-and-declare / is-predestination-a-catholic-belief / is-predestination-a-salvation-issue / predestination-and-decree / predestination-and-decree-in-islam / predestination-and-free-will / predestination-baptist / predestination-belief / predestination-bible / predestination-bible-verses / predestination-book / predestination-catholic / predestination-catholicism / predestination-christianity / predestination-definition / predestination-desiring-god / predestination-doctrine / predestination-example / predestination-explained / predestination-facts / predestination-free-will / predestination-god / predestination-hebrew / predestination-historical-significance / predestination-meaning /
title: Son of Man or Son of God?,
Gospel’s writers, and the authors of Epistles as well, wrote much of what they wrote according to their own beliefs which they believed and were inserted into the Word of God.
A closer examination of the texts of the New Testament compels us to raise some questions: as to whether Christ was the Son of God or the Son of man due to the much repetition of the phrase “son of man ” a lot in the Gospels ?!
Strangely enough some of gospels authors hasten to put state this doctrine from the very start same as gospels of and Luke and Mark who started his gospel saying:
“The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” (Mark 1: 1)
Mark reaches such a serious conclusion from his own even before recounting the Lord’s own words! Why did he not let us judge that Jesus was the Son of God ourselves?! It seems that Mark and other writers were influenced by a certain doctrine that permeated their respective where the followers of Christ deviated from the right path and adopted corrupt and heretic doctrines including the belief that “Jesus was the son of God Almighty!!,
These also include:
“And when Jesus saw great multitudes about Him, He gave a command to depart to the other side. Then a certain scribe came and said to Him, “Teacher, I will follow You wherever You go. And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” (Matthew 8: 18-20)
“But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins” —then He said to the paralytic, “Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house. And he arose and departed to his house. But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.”(Matthew 9:6-7)
It seems also that the words that made Christ the “son of God “is not one of the words of Jesus himself; if Christ was the son of God, why did the Gospels mention the two conflicting phrases for Christ being “the son of God” and” the son of man” at the same time ?!
Such conflict, which is impossible to reason, got the Gospels in many contradictions. Jesus allowed himself to be insulted by others and anyone insulted him may be forgiven as he insulted the Son of man!:
“Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.” (Matthew 12: 32).
A clear contradiction may be seen in the gospels view of Jesus Christ; many crowds and righteous people like John the Baptist and Elijah realized that Jesus was the Son of man, but a few strange texts deny them this fact which they adopted for long!
“When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.”(Matthew 16: 13-20)
Therefore, Mark felt embarrassed to call Jesus “the son of God”when Jesus foretold the news of his crucifixion and his sufferings:
“And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. (Mark, 8:31)
Proper reasonable thinking firmly denies that Jesus was the sons of God Almighty due to the blasphemous consequences such doctrine may result in attribution to shortcoming for God. According to such doctrine God has a wife, he grows, he dies and be inherited and incarnate. It also means the transfer of the creature’s qualities to the creator.
Therefore, we find the Quran, with its noble teachings, glorifies God and denies partners to him in any case:
“[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing”.(6:101)
“He has not taken a wife or a son” (72: 3)
Allah Almighty has denied himself of polytheism, categorically:
“Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”.(112: 2)
“And say, “Praise to Allah, who has not taken a son and has had no partner in [His] dominion and has no [need of a] protector out of weakness; and glorify Him with [great] glorification.”(17:111)
tags: featured-image / jesus-son-of-man-book / jesus-son-of-man-kahlil-gibran / jesus-son-of-man-meaning / jesus-son-of-man-son-of-god / jesus-son-of-man-verses / son-of / son-of-man / son-of-man-and-son-of-god / son-of-man-in-hebrew / son-of-man-in-luke / son-of-man-in-matthew / son-of-man-in-the-old-testament / son-of-man-is-lord-of-the-sabbath / son-of-man-jesus / son-of-man-jesus-meaning / son-of-man-judaism / son-of-man-luke / son-of-man-meaning / son-of-man-meaning-catholic / son-of-man-new-testament / son-of-man-or-son-of-god /
title: Luther’s Religious Revolution against the Church,
Church and Science
The Church fought against science and reason, and latter’s work in religious texts. It became a stumbling block in the way of progress and development and the conflict occurred between both those inside and outside the church; the climax of such conflict culminated in the French Revolution, which raised the slogan “Hang the last king with the intestines of last priest”. The spark of objection to the church’s authority was in the thought of Martin Luther (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546 A.D), a German professor of theology, composer, priest, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Luther was ordained to priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.
Church and Calls for Reform
Ecclesiastical Europe opposed all calls for reform and fought reformers and intellectuals who realized that some ecclesiastical teachings “were against reason and common sense”. Among them was Luther, who saw that the prohibition of monks’ and priests’ marriage was not found in Christianity in its earliest ages. He admitted the right of priests to marry and he already married a nun .
He argued that no one has the right to deprive anyone of admittance to the kingdom of God or possesses divine consent. Luther opposed to an excommunication or deprivation by the Pope to him and burned it in the center of Wintenberg in public and the civil authority had to implement the decision of deprivation of Luther’s legal and civil rights. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor.
In 1529, the emperor tried to enforce the denial of 1521, but Luther’s supporters protested. They were called the Protestants .Sometimes things went on peacefully and sometimes not. When Luther died, severe torment was inflicted upon his followers, then a reconciliation between the two groups was made.
Luther rejected that the Church reserves the right to understand the Gospel; he maintained that every educated Christian has the right to understand it. He worked to translate it to German to be read by every German. He, moreover, rejected the “teaching authority” of the Catholic Church, which enabled the Pope the final say regarding the interpretation of the Bible, considering that everyone has the right to interpret it.
He denied that Christ unites with body of those who eat the Lord’s Supper. He also denied the possibility that the bread turns to be the broken bones of Christ and wine to his blood, or their solutions to the body of Christ in Eater. According to him, the Lord’s Supper merely served as a reminder of Redemption. He, moreover, denied the Church’s right to atonement, which was the matchstick that ignited his revolution, and which the Church could not extinguish.
Luther considered that obtaining salvation or forgiveness of sins was a free gift or the grace of God through faith in Jesus Christ as the Savior, and, therefore, there should not be conditions by practicing certain acts for forgiveness.
In 1517, he published his famous ninety-five letter, most of which was related to the liberation of theology and authority. His refusal to retract his ninety-five points at the request of Pope Leon X in 1520 and the request of the Holy Roman Empire represented by Emperor Charles V led him to exile; his writings were considered an ecclesiastical heresy.
Islam Is a Previous Religious Reformative Call Prior to Luther’s
Although Luther’s call got him nearer to secularism, it was the inevitable result that which every Christian practicing reason and putting false beliefs aside, may reach. Perhaps if Luther and his followers took a good look at the values of the religion of Islam, the values of the serpentine teachings that rectified Jesus’s distorted message after his death and added supreme legislation witnessed by some Christians, they could find what they yearned for.
Islam invites its followers to exercise reason and teaches them that mind does not oppose sound scripture or religious text. A number of Muslim scholars, like Ibn Taymiyah, authored in this field.
Islam condemned the people of the book (Jews and Christians) for heretical acts and rituals they invented in their religions and asked them to commit themselves to the real teachings of their respective prophets. The Qur’an says:
“Then We sent following their footsteps Our messengers and followed [them] with Jesus, the son of Mary, and gave him the Gospel. And We placed in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy and monasticism, which they innovated; We did not prescribe it for them except [that they did so] seeking the approval of Allah. But they did not observe it with due observance. So We gave the ones who believed among them their reward, but many of them are defiantly disobedient.” (57:27).
The Islamic religion is characterized by being in harmony to common sense and sound nature. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) discourages his followers from monasticism and even prohibits castration (i.e. cutting one’s sexual limbs) due to dedication or seclusion to worship. He showed that real asceticism does not mean torturing body or prohibiting what Allah made lawful. He says,
“There is no monasticism in Islam”.
Sad said: the Prophet- peace be upon him- discouraged Othman ibn (son of) Mazun from Al-Tabattul (seclusion from people especially sexual lust or celibacy for worship). Had he legalized it to him, we would have done castration (i.e. to cut our sexual limbs due to dedication to worship)”.
Al-Tabari said: “celibacy, which Othman bin Mazoon wanted meant prohibition of women and perfume. Allah (Glory be to him) says, ‘O you who have believed, do not prohibit the good things which Allah has made lawful to you and do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors”. (5:87)
There is no “clergy or Religious men in Islam in the priestly or ecclesiastical Christian sense”. Therefore, we reject the Lutherian concept of giving everyone the right to interpret the divine text even if not having the slightest logical reasoning.
In Islam, sacred text or scripture has its rules and origins that proceed from the proper understanding of linguistic rules and deep and comprehensive knowledge of texts. Islam rejects rigidity, dependency and imitation by those knowledgeable and can derive judgments from the texts and practice analogy which is called in Arabic “Ijtihad”. Muslim Scholars condemned those who claimed the closure of its door.
Islam does not require scripture-exegetes or scholars to practice certain rites or have a certain uniform, or to lead a life that is completely different from other people’s lives or to have full seclusion from people. during times of worship. Prophet Muhammad was the most devoted worshiper of Allah. He lead a normal life tackling his society’s problems with the Qur’an (Islamic Scripture) and was involving with all people.
As to the relationship between the Creature and the Creator, no one has the right to admit one into the Kingdom of God or deprive him to be admitted to it or grant indulgences! by virtue of an order. Muslim scholars are only required to show sound divine teachings to people and have no authority over them. They laid strict measurements for Takfir (declaring others disbelievers and renegades), who should be declared disbeliever and who should punish them.
This Lutherian cry was a wake-up call for Europe which remained for long periods it in slumber and obliviousness while the sun of knowledge was rising there in the east in Mecca and people in the west were impeded to see such light by priests and monks through the distortion of divine messages and the denial of the message of Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him).
Fat-h Al-bari Sharh Sahih Al-Bukhari,
Al-Nawawi Sharh Sahih Muslim
Muhadarat fi Al-Nasraniiyyah (Lectures on Christianity).
tags: luther / luther-martin-revolutionary-war / luther-revolutionary / luther-revolutionary-or-conservative / luthers-religious-revolution-against-the-church / martin-luther-revolution / martin-luther-revolutionary / rotestant-revolution /
title: New Testament and Revelation,
Long ago, the Synoptic Gospels were adopted by Christians and became part of the Bible, which should be believed in and not opposed. Christianity has built this principle on the following principles:
First: the inspiration of the apostles and the writers of the Gospels which makes the Gospels definitive.
Second: the infallibility or prophecy of their carriers.
Hence, on such grounds the Gospels became the “Word of God”!. However, the historical reality of the Gospels witnesses otherwise! There have been calls from within the Christian field itself to correct the course and have objective examination of what came in the Gospels; such calls were met with suppression from others. Here are some historical evidence to nullify such grounds and deem them invalid:
Different manuscripts and copies of the New Testament:
There are approximately twenty-four thousand ancient manuscripts of the Word of God counted as “the New Testament”, the oldest dating back three hundred and fifty years A.D, while the original first manuscript of the Word of God does not exist! ”
The introduction to the Catholic New Testament in the approved Vatican version of the Gospels, which dates back to the fourth century A.D, tells that the author is “unknown”. Moreover, the copy has been damaged!”
There are other versions that were not written or dictated by their real authors and were not in their eras; they were rather written at least two centuries after their death, such as the Sinai and Alexandrian versions, the Ephraimian version, the version of Pisa, the basal version and the version of Ladianus.
The chain of narrators of these copies was lost and some Christian clerics admit such fact. In his debate with The Indian Muslim scholar Rahmatullah, Frang, a priest, acknowledged this when he said: “The reason for the loss of our chain of narrators is the occurrence of calamities and sedition against Christians for a period of three hundred and thirteen years.”
There are also difference between manuscripts among which include distortions, whether through addition or deletion and misinterpretation of their meanings or erasing other versions of Gospels. One may wonder why were these particular Gospels among the thousands of evangelical versions of the Word of God approved?!
Dr. Assakar says, “Robert gave Tisanvangli press a scientific memo to be printed with the Bible, which were banned by him from printing. When asked why it was banned, he said,” This memo will make people lose faith in this book! “.
“No one will ever claim that God is the author of all the parts of this book with all such distortions,” says Dr. Robert.
The human element
One may also touches the human source in the synoptic gospels, which makes us confused whether such gospels are the word of God or not. Luke uses human-made words such as “One may think or “about”. Therefore, the Church has removed such words from English versions of the Gospels.
Christianity seems to have adopted inspirations as a source of divine revelation and legislation rather than the linguistic sense of them. This indicates the fluctuation of the concept of revelation in Christianity and the disciplined Islamic concept for it on the contrary. Religious texts and rulings may not be based on inspirations because they lack disciplined criteria. Apostles were neither prophets nor messengers sent by God .
Ibn al-Atheer, an Arab linguist defines inspiration as “What God instills in the soul whether to act upon or not”.
Zakaria al-Ansari, a Muslim theologian, says: “Inspiration is a meaning put in the heart to reassure the chest of those chosen by God. It should not be considered as a proof of the legitimacy of a thing or not”.
Thoughts and inspirations may be from the inspiration that God instills in the heart or from the whispers of the devil , and may be by the soul itself.
Ibn Hajar says, “Inspiration may occur for certain people. It has no certain rule…However, whatever the case, they should not be considered as foundation for religious rulings.”
The infallibility of the Gospel writers or authors is criticized for many of the fatal mistakes they have made in what they said about Christ or even the Lord. They were heedless of many events. To name a few for, example, three gospels do not record the miracle of turning water into wine by Jesus while John mentions it only (2 / 1-11)!
Assakkar, Is the New Testament The Word Of God?
Rahmattullah Al-Hindi, Idhhar Al-Haq,
tags: new-testament-and-revelation / new-testament-revelation / new-testament-revelation-21 / new-testament-revelation-summary / new-testament-revelations-chapter-13 /
title: Could the Miracles of Jesus Be a Proof of His Divinity?,
The Bible is filled with the miracles of Jesus Christ, from healing to the sick, exorcising evil spirits and many other miracles of all kinds. For example:
“And when Jesus was passed over again by ship unto the other side, much people gathered unto him: and he was nigh unto the sea And, behold, there cometh one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; and when he saw him, he fell at his feet, And besought him greatly, saying, My little daughter lieth at the point of death: I pray thee, come and lay thy hands on her, that she may be healed; and she shall live. And Jesus went with him; and much people followed him, and thronged him. And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years, And had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse, When she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague..”(Mark 5: 29:21)
Christian position on the miracles of Jesus
The Holy Qur’an approves some of those miracles with some restrictions and kept silence at others.
(…And a messenger to the children of Israel that I have I come to a verse from your Lord, I Create your mud as a body bird Vonfaj in it shall be a bird, God willing, and will heal the blind and the leper, and I salute the dead, God willing, and I inform you what you eat and what Tdechron in your houses that That is a sign for you, if you are believers.) (49: 3)
However, one feel the Christian exaggeration of Jesus’ miracles for taking them s as proof of the divinity of Jesus peace be upon him.
Perhaps the Christian equivocal ecclesiastical understanding of miracles was the result of the fluctuation of the concept of the miracle in Christian teachings.
Definition of a miracle
In his book Al-Tarifat, Al-Sharif Al-Jurjani, a Muslim ethologist, defines the miracle as: “An extraordinary thing, calling for good and happiness, coupled with the claim of prophecy, intended to show the sincerity of the one who claimed to be a messenger of God.” It appears from this definition that the miracle is driven by God at the hands of the prophet in order to believe in his message and not to demonstrate their divinity, otherwise this miracle will become a lie to the Lord or a proof of polytheism or the existence of partner to God. Therefore, he mentioned the phrase “associated with the claim of prophecy” and not the claim of divinity.
Qur’an, while stating such miracles of Jesus, decides that he, peace peace be upon, did them only by the permission of his God Allah and to prove the divinity and oneness of his Lord. Allah (Almighty) says,
“[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.” (110: 5) .
We find a similar confession in the Gospels by the words of Jesus himself, he says:
“By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.” (John 5: 30)
Jesus also confess his weakness and being in need of help from his Lord saying: “(Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said,
“Father, I thank You that You have heard Me. And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.”) (John, 11: 41-42)
After stating the major miracle by Jesus peace be upon him as to descending, a table from the sky to the Apostles, the Quran transmits the words of Jesus peace be upon him which negates his eligibility for divinity or being a partner of God or a son of God
(And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen”.(5:116).
Jesus’ Miracles are not Unique
Jesus’ Miracles are not Unique because there were many miracles that were brought by other Prophets and were even greater. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came with miracles such as the miracles of Jesus (peace be upon him) of healing the patient. A soldier was injured in his eye which was poked out and fell down on the ground, Prophet Muhammad returned it to its place and healed it. Another miracle occurred to him is the flowing of water from his fingers on the Day of Hudayibia and more than one thousand people drank and washed themselves by it!.
In Khaybar, when Ali’s eyes was hurt, the Prophet touched them and they were good. Some scholars state that Prophet Muhammad miracles mounted to more than one thousand. Al- Shafi’i, may Allah be pleased with him, a Muslim scholar, says «whatever a miracle was given by God to a prophet, Prophet Muhammad was given the same or even greater than it”. He was even told that Jesus was given the miracle of bringing the dead back to life, but he replied, “Prophet Muhammad was given a miracle that was even greater for the root of the palm-tree longed for him and wept.
There were prophets who were supported with miracles which surpassed that of Jesus peace be upon him as much. For instance Moses, peace be upon him, turned his stick into a great snake and the broke down the sea with it. Prophet eyes, Solomon peace be upon him, which had control over the jinn and made a great kingdom of different creatures reached. however, none of claimed their divinity or called them gods due to their miracles!
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