Jesus was a Muslim.  Yes you read that correctly, Jesus was a Muslim and one of the mightiest messengers of Allaah swt.  Jesus came from the same prophetic traditions as Adam, David, Moses, Solomon, and all of the Prophets whom all came with the same message of Tawhid or Pure Monotheism.  The worship of only the One God which is Allah swt.

Every Muslim believes in the virgin birth of Jesus from Marium (Mary).  You cannot be a Muslim if you do not believe this.  Muslims believe that Jesus was the Messiah, that he was the word of God, and that he will return and kill the anti-Christ.  However, Muslims do not believe that Jesus is God or the son of God.  This is considered blasphemous in Islam and constitutes Shirk which is an unforgivable sin.  Muslims do not believe in the crucifixion either, instead Muslims believe that Allah swt protected Jesus and brought him up to heaven while putting his likeness or resemblance on the cross.  This is interesting in light of the fact that the Gospel of Thomas said that Judas was the one found on the cross and that Judas was the twin or lookalike of Jesus.  In fact Thomas in Ancient Greek means Twin.

When Jesus prayed, he did not pray to himself, he prayed to Allah swt.  He also said that he did nothing on his own but only with the permission of the Lord in the Heavens.

Jesus was a shining example of how to live and in fact there is more information preserved about Jesus in the Islamic texts than in the Christian texts.  Jesus even prayed as the modern day Muslims.


title: Is there A Christian Jihad?,
content:

Concept of Jihad in Modern Time

The concept of Jihad (combat) occupies one of the most critical contemporary concepts, as much confusion permeated in the light of the facts of modern time and twisted Western interpretations of it.

In the face of this deliberate misrepresentation of this concept, many religious thinkers are either shying entirely from it or directing it in a way not consistent with its reality.

Christian Jihad

Christians claim that Jihad in Christianity is restricted to “spiritual jihad only”, and that Christians do not have to respond to any aggression! A Christian writer says: “There is no kind of Jihad in Christianity other than Jihad against sin and against the lusts, hatred, envy, killing and persecution; It is the Jihad that brings people to a life of adherence to God, love, purity, serenity, and complete inner peace with God and people.” They support such sayings by some biblical citations, including:

The words of Christ: (Luke 24:13)

“Make every effort to enter through the narrow door, because many, I tell you, will try to enter and will not be able to.”

And: (John 18: 35-36),

“Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?” Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.”.

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“Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword”. (Matthew 34-35:10)

1 Timothy (6:12):

“Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses..”

1 Timothy (4: 7):

“I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith..”

1 Peter (3: 14):

“But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. “Do not fear their threats; do not be frightened.”

However, we found the ecclesiastical interpretation of Christian Jihad has been translated into the Crusades against the homes of Muslims in the form of a vicious Material “Holy War” “not a spiritual one”!  

They were categorically against the noble teachings and ethics encouraged by the Muslim Jihad. The Christian holy war was not as alleged a spiritual jihad, for Christians launched aggression against innocent Muslims homes and holy shrines, and even  against innocent Christians themselves in Jerusalem.

The Christian Jihad was carrying the holy banners of the popes and the fathers, and the war was in the name of the Lord.

When faced with such  astonishing facts, many Christian thinkers began to disavow their European fellow citizens and say that they are Christians who deviated from the right teachings of Christ. So, they interpreted this Christian Jihad according to their whims.

However, needless to say, in different rites, many Christians worldwide, consider the ecclesiastical  consensus to be legal, sacred and should not be violated, even if it was  not said by Jesus! Would they disregard the ecclesiastical or Church war represented in the crusades, even if they war which were considered blessed by both the Church and God?!

In Christianity we find signs of “A Christian material Jihad” where Jesus commands his followers to carry the sword, saying:

“The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month. For no word from God will ever fail.”I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May your word to me be fulfilled.” Then the angel left her.”(Luke 22: 35-38).

“Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword., For I have come to turn “‘a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law—”(Matthew 34-35:10)

“So he called ten of his servants and gave them ten minas. ‘Put this money to work,’ he said, ‘until I come back.” But his subjects hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We don’t want this man to be our king. He was made king, however, and returned home. Then he sent for the servants to whom he had given the money, in order to find out what they had gained with it….. But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them–bring them here and kill them in front of me.”(Luke 19:13 -27).

But the distortion-drama in the Bible did not receive those text in their real intent, so we see  opposite and contradicting texts in one context!

Jesus orders his followers to carry their swords in the face of the Romans, then he discourage them from injuring them with their swords!

“When Jesus’ followers saw what was going to happen, they said, “Lord, should we strike with our swords?” And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. But Jesus answered, “No more of this!” And he touched the man’s ear and healed him.”(Luke 22: 49-51).

The truth that is absent from many Christian minds is that the Fathers included in the Bible the thing and its opposite. When they wanted to wage a holy war, they advanced texts to justify them, and in times of weakness, they construed the same texts to mean “spiritual jihad”!

Jihad, although not found in the Bible by its explicit term in the meaning of fighting enemies, is pragmatically present  in biblical commands to struggle against “pagans and the enemies of the Lord”.

This is further supported by and was translated in the wars of David and other Bible prophets, and Jesus’ silence regarding them; Jesus  was following the laws of Moses and the Torah before him was commanded not to nullify them: “I was not sent to break the law”.

The Qur’an cites Jesus’ approval of Moses’ scripture and its legislation saying says:

“And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.”(5:46)

“And [I have come] confirming what was before me of the Torah and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear Allah and obey me.” (3:50)

Jesus, being not acting upon Jihad, does not mean that he aimed to nullify it , because he did not intend to lead a state in the full sense of the word, but he intended to reform the children of Israel after they deviated from the teachings of the Torah.

Therefore, he came with spiritual teachings, preaching them, and reminding them of that law that they deviated from, including the struggle against both souls and enemies.

This is evidenced by the fact that the Holy Bible’s, especial New-Testament, writers did not delete the wars and the practical struggles in the Old Testament (See Psalm 46). (1 Samuel 17) (Isaiah 6) (And see II Chronicles) (II Kings – Chapter 3) (1 Samuel Chapter 4) (Psalms XVIII).

What motivated Christians to disregard this divine legislation represented in Jihad,  is the distortion that this concept, and other concepts, has acquired in Christianity.

Jesus’ message, in its real image,  foretold the appearance of a new peaceful message approving his message, that was the message of Islam that was a mercy for humanity:

“And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”(61:6).

Jihad in Islam

As for Jihad in Islam, it is only a means to support the weak; Material Jihad is only accomplished through fighting the soul, the devil, and the passions first.

The countries that the Muslims conquered felt the tolerance the of the followers of this religion with them. It became clear to them that they opened these countries only to deliver the message of heaven to them;  their  rights were guaranteed and ensured safety, and lived  among Muslims in peace. They enjoyed rights they did not obtain under the Roman state that adopted their religion. the Qur’an establishes the rules of peace and war saying:

“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors” (2: 190).

“And if they incline to peace, then incline to it [also] and rely upon Allah. Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Knowing.” (61: 8)

Jihad in Islam has many conditions and has observed human rights. Prophet Muhammad says:

“Whenever he appointed a man to lead a military detachment, the Messenger of Allah  would advise him especially to fear Allah and treat the Muslims with him well. He said: ‘Fight in the Name of Allah and in the cause of Allah. Fight those how disbelieve in Allah. Fight but do not be treacherous, do not steal from the spoils of war, do not mutilate and do not kill children”. (Sunan b. Majah Book 24, Hadith 2967)

And he says:

“Beware, if anyone wrongs a contracting man, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him on the Day of Judgment..”( Sunan Abi Dawud 3052)

Abu Bakr, may God be pleased with him, the first caliph after the Messenger of God -may God bless him and grant him peace- followed the same way when he sent Osama’s army, saying:

“O people, stand up and I command you ten commandments so keep them: Do not betray, , do not treachery, do not represent Do not kill a child or an old man or a woman. and do not cut a palm-tree or burn it. Do not cut down a fruitful tree, and do not slaughter a sheep, a cow, or a camel except for a meal; you will pass by people (i.e. monks and priests) who have emptied themselves in the tents (or temples), so leave them.”


References

-Holy Qur’an (Tanzil.com)

-Bible (biblehub.com)

Links


tags: christian-beliefs-about-jihad / christian-crusade-facts / christian-crusade-religion / christian-crusade-wars / christian-crusades-jerusalem / christian-crusades-vs-islamic-jihad / christian-crusades-wikipedia / christian-jihad-book / christian-love-jihad / crusades-christian-or-catholic / featured-image / is-there-a-christian-jihad / jihad-christian-definition / jihad-definition-bible / meaning-of-jihad-in-bible / verses-of-jihad-in-bible /



title: Shocking Historical Facts about the “Last Supper”!,
content:

The term “Last Supper”, “Holy Communion”, “The Lord’s Supper”” or “Passover Meal” are commonly used in Christianity and are turned into ecclesiastical rituals common in most churches of the world.

The Lord’s Supper or the Last Supper – in Christianity – refers to the dinner of Jesus peace be upon him – with his disciples and sharing with them bread and wine – before the crucifixion – as alleged.

Many Christian sources point out that this event carries symbolic elements through which Jesus tried to send a certain message  to his followers. The wine is claimed to be his blood that will be shed for mankind and bread is his body that would be crucified and broken for humanity and its survival.

Such event has become a basic ritual of the Church: the Divine Liturgy and the Eucharist. A day was dedicated to celebrate it and was called “Maundy Thursday,” or in some churches as “Secret Supper” for establishing the secret of priesthood and the Eucharist. According to the Christian faith “Whoever ate such bread and drank this wine inevitably dissolve to be the flesh of Christ and the wine to be his blood”.

The institution of the Eucharist is recorded in the three Synoptic Gospels and in Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians. The Bible gives the following account of the incident:

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“I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.” (John, 51: 6).

In (1 Corinthians 23: 11-26):

“For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes”.

In the Gospel of John: (51: 6):

“I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.” 

“Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” (Matthew 26:27-29).

However, a quick contemplative look at such evangelical additional accounts of the Last Supper shows them as mere “imaginative dramatic events and plots” added by the storyteller’s imagination. Such events allude to the killing and crucifixion of Jesus who, inevitably, was raised to the heavens and was not killed or crucified, let alone the conflicting narrations of the incident in the Gospels.

There is no mention of the term “Last Supper” in the Qur’an when it tells about the story of Jesus (peace be upon him). The Qur’an, however, refers to another incident in which Jesus’ disciples asked him to drop for them a table from heaven as a sign for them of his truthfulness:

“[And remember] when the disciples said, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven? [Jesus] said,” Fear Allah, if you should be believers.” They said, “We wish to eat from it and let our hearts be reassured and know that you have been truthful to us and be among its witnesses.” Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.” Allah said, “Indeed, I will sent it down to you, but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you – then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.”.(2:112-115)

Al-Tabari, a well-known Interpreter of the Qur’an, expounds these verses saying: “They asked him a sign for answering their call so that they may be sure of Allah’s ability over all things and their hearts be assured, and witness it and testify that God have descended it as a proof of His right to be worshiped as the sole Lord and Jesus as a real Prophet. Jesus replied:“ Fear God if you are believers”.

They asked the sign to be “Eid” (An annual or weekly rite). Al-Tabari says, “They asked it to be a feast on which they and successive generations may worship and pray for him”.

Qur’an exegetes differed as to what the “table” contained, but they all agree that it never contained wine as the gospels claim for it was prohibited according to the Old-Testament and the New-Testament. Al-Tabari notes: “It is possible that it was fish and bread, and it is possible that it was paradise-fruit, and any other thing else. Whatever, the case there is no harm not to know it”.

The Qur’anic account of the event states that the disciples of Jesus were the ones who asked the table from Jesus, peace be upon him, not Jesus who invited them to it as the Gospels claim. Moreover, the account of the event by Paul attributes a blasphemous talk to Jesus when he said: “The more you eat this bread and drink this cup, you tell of the death of the Lord (God) until he comes back.” How could Jesus claim to be, according to the Bible, a god who would die!

On the contrary, in the Qur’anic account of the story of the table we touch the awe Jesus had while addressing his Lord to descend it. Jesus humbly admits himself to be a worshiper to his Lord and a slave who needs support. He condemns the disciples (presumed to be Apostles by Christians) for irrespective ask of the sign of the table from the Lord as a proof of His truthfulness. Allah (God) Almighty reminds us of such majestic dialogue between Jesus and his Lords in the following words,

“And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. Allah will say, “This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness.” For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great attainment. To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent”. (5:120)


References

  1. Shalabi, A., Christianity.
  2. Wikipedia Site
  3. Al-Tabri, Jami Al-Bayan (Tafsir Al-Tabari)


tags: a-last-supper-picture / featured-image / last-supper-allusion / last-supper-analysis / last-supper-andrea-del-castagno / last-supper-anime / last-supper-apostles / shocking-historical-facts-about-the-last-supper /



title: Is “Easter” Acceptable according to the Teachings of Jesus?,
content:

Easter is a  main festival for Christians for long. According to  Wikipedia “Easter or  Resurrection Sunday, is a  festival  commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead It is described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c. 30 AD. It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus, preceded by Lent (or Great Lent), a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance”.

However, one may ask: is Easter acceptable according to Jesus’ teachings? Although widely-spread, one cannot find any proof in the New –Testament or a provision laying foundation for such a festival or its relative rites! Christians are even differed upon the day Jesus was raised from the dead!""

According to Wikipedia, “In Western Christianity, Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts seven weeks, ending with the coming of the 50th day, Pentecost Sunday. In Eastern Christianity, the season of Pascha begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the Feast of the Ascension”.

The truth remains that the Easter is a Nicaea-heresy which was not approved by Jesus. It celebrate heretic rites and the fantasy of the crucifixion of Jesus and  his humiliation at the hands of the Jews. According to Wikipedia, “The First Council of Nicaea (325 A.D) established two rules, according to the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the council. No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies. It has come to be the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March. Even if calculated on the basis of the more accurate Gregorian calendar, the date of that full moon sometimes differs from that of the astronomical first full moon after the March equinox!”.[13]

Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. Jewish Christians, the first to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, timed the observance in relation to Passover.

Christians feared the Jewish domination over the Christian legacy, so Constantine II (316-373 A.D) said to bishops: “It is not appropriate that Christians follow the Jewish legacy in Easter as they were condemned for committing crimes.  We should separate from the heinous acts of the Jews!”.

Therefore, Christians tried to sway from following the Jewish dates for Easter. In most European languages the feast is called by the words for Passover in those languages; and in the older English versions of the Bible the term Easter was the term used to translate Passover!

The Synod gave the Church of Alexandria the right to designate Easter Day, due to its fame in astronomical sciences and its ability to calculate it precisely. The Bishop of Alexandria used to appoint the date of Easter, immediately after Epiphany, and inform other bishops of the “Passover Message”. Before the Synod, the Church of Alexandria had winked eye at the Jewish account, and took a special rule that made Easter fall after the first full moon after the Spring of March 21, which was adopted by the Council of Nicaea and followed by all the churches until now.

Many heretic rites permeated the Easter; some  Christians do not eat anything in solidarity with the sufferings of Christ, and some of them believe that Easter is to achieve the message of Christ on earth. Extraneous acts from other cultures, were also in the scene, such as decorating eggs and rabbits and eating lambs as a sign of the sacrifice of Christ of His flesh to mankind!

The events associated with the resurrection of Christ have been marked by contradictory events. This is further supported by the order of the contradictory events of Gospels accounts of the Crucifixion. Mark (43:14), Matthew (47:26)  and Luke (47:22) put the date of the arrest of Christ after the last Passover evening, on Thursday while John (28:18)  makes the Passover dinner on Wednesday evening. There are also contradictory accounts of the sign Judas, the traitor, gave to the Jews to define Jesus.

Therefore, we find the Qur’an uses words contrary to those propagated by Christianity as to the resurrection of Christ and his crucifixion. The Qur’an denied the death or crucifixion of Christ, and stated that Jesus is a way of being humiliated by the Jews. According to the Qur’anic account of the incident, Jesus’ likeness was put over another man who was crucified instead and Jesus was lifted up to the sky:

“And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise. And there is none from the People of the Scripture but that he will surely believe in Jesus before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be against them a witness” (4:157-159).

Hence, Christ was not put on the cross and was not crucified. With the advent of historical critical approaches, these contradictory evangelical accounts did not stand up to the scientific criteria. This indicates that Christianity has lost the credibility of perfect following of Jesus, peace be upon him according to his real law, as it came from his Lord. To one’s astonishment, “fake” Christianity waged wars worldwide bearing such “false symbolic teachings” to coerce people to adopt them!


References

  • Wikipedia Site.

You may also visit:


tags: 9-easter-egg-solo / 9-easter-egg-steps / 9-eastern-ave-annapolis-md / 9-eastern-avenue / 9-eastern-to-western-time / featured-image / is-easter-acceptable-according-to-the-teachings-of-jesus /



title: Concept of Education and Upbringing between Islam and Christianity,
content:

Concept of Education and Upbringing in the Bible

The concept of upbringing and education is one of the most important concepts to occupy the contemporary mind. All approaches have begun to express its voice on it or, even, offer solutions to social problems related to it. However, still the religious approach- especially the heavenly religions– has the highest voice in this regard.

Making a  comparison between the Islamic and Christian stands on the educational aspects, we found the Islamic  stand to be comprehensive and accurate compared to the Christian one which was based on general and ecclesiastical texts that have nothing to do with the Bible or its teachings!

A Christian thinker claims that Jesus’ saying:  “So what God gathered together, no man will separate it.” (Mark 9:10) leads to progeny good upbringing. However, a permanent marital relationship without divorce does not mean a good upbringing!

As many Christian beliefs, this perception has been blended with the doctrine of trinity or the belief in the paternity of God Almighty for the creatures—far is God from such blasphemous beliefs. A Christian thinker says, “As adoption is a divine idea, He set an example for us through adopting us as His children”, (Romans,8:15, Ephesians 1: 5).

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“Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.”(The Bible, Ephesians 6: 1-4).

The Prophet of Islam warned humanity against the crime of the transferring deviant doctrines to upcoming innocent generations or the monopoly of their future faith; he said,

“There is none born but is created to his true nature (Islam). It is his parents who make him a Jew or a Christian or a Magian quite as beasts produce their young with their limbs perfect. Do you see anything deficient in them? Then he quoted the Qur’an., The nature made by Allah in which He has created men there is no altering of Allah’s creation; that is the right religion”  (30: 30) (Sahih Muslim 2658 b)

This prophetic saying (hadith) means that: God (Allah) created people on the perfect creation (instinct), which is: natural acceptance of the truth of monotheism (the religion of Islam) enabling them to realize it upon their birth; the goodness of this religion is fixed in their souls, Al-Mazeri said: “It was a promise (not to be pagans) taken by them (i.e. their souls) before their creation”.

The objectivity of research in this field leads us to say that we do not lack an educational concept in the Bible, as many texts came in it that assure it, including:

-“Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. “Deuteronomy (4: 6-7).

-“In the future, when your son asks you, “What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the LORD our God has commanded you?” tell him: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. Before our eyes the LORD sent signs and wonders–great and terrible–on Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household. But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land he promised on oath to our ancestors. The LORD commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the LORD our God, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today. And if we are careful to obey all this law before the LORD our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.”(Deuteronomy 6-25: 20)

-“Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.” Honor your father and mother”–which is the first commandment with a promise– .”so that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth. “Fathers, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord. (Ephesians 6: 1-4).

-“My son, do not despise the LORD’s discipline, and do not resent his rebuke, because the LORD disciplines those he loves, as a father the son he delights in”. (Proverbs 3: 11-12)

Among the texts regarding this may also include: (Psalm 127: 3; 34: 11; Proverbs 23: 13-14).

Concept of Education and Upbringing in Islam

However, not denying the Christian concept of education and upbringing, as establishing a good basis for education, it seems that it lacks inclusiveness, methodology and accuracy, compared to the Islamic one which seems to be comprehensive because it is based on a firm educational methodology.

Dr. Khaled Rusha, an specialist in education says: “Non-Islamic educational methodologies were characterized by focusing on one aspect of human life. In Judaism, education is based on excellence and specificity; the Christian education focuses on the salvation of man from vice. In natural education Rousseau sees that the goal of education is to provide the mind with knowledge only. John Dewey believes that growth is the goal of education. Renan believes that the individual, not society, is the goal of education. Islam is unique from all approaches, as it treats the human psyche along with the  body, mind, and spirit. It  took advantage of all human energies not wasting them.

Among these educational principles upon which Islam laid are the following:

Education and Upbringing through the Concept of Reward, Punishment, and Worship

Establishing the concept of reward and punishment to encourage doing good and discourage from doing evil deeds. Islam maximizes the role of joint responsibility towards the offspring and the concern to establish it righteously, as the Prophet of Islam, who was sent mercy to humanity, says:

-“All of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects. The ruler is a guardian of his subjects, the man is a guardian of his family, the woman is a guardian and is responsible for her husband’s house and his offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects.”.( Book 1, Hadith 283)

-“O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded”.(66:6)

In the context of religious guidance or education by worship, God Almighty says:

-“And enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you, and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.” (20: 132)

-The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, says about prayer: “Teach a boy Salat (the prayer) when he attains the age of seven years, and punish him (if he does not offer it) at ten”.( Book 1, Hadith 302)

Islam take into account the age of punishment; it defers it through considering an introductory period of psychological preparation that precedes the stage of punishment, which is restricted in Islam, under certain conditions. These include not breaking bone, injuring others, slamming face or insulting.

Moral, punitive education finds a way for it in Islam, as Islam takes into account that souls are driven by reward and punishment. The Sunnah (way) of the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him,- says:

-On the authority of Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with them, on the authority of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, he said: “Hang the whip where the people of the house can see it (i.e. be serious or firm in your house), for it (i.e. threaten of punishment) may deter them from vice discipline their manners for them.” Narrated by al-Tabarani (10/248).

In order not to misunderstand this concept incorrectly, Islam associates it with the concept of kindness. The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, says:

“When God Almighty wants good for the people of a house, he will bring kindness to them”.

The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, greeted children and made them feel their societal value. Sometimes he gave them his secret, which leads us to say that he tried to build their healthy social personality at young age.

Planting Sound Beliefs and Good Morals

Islamic education and upbringing aims to: instill sound belief in the hearts of children since childhood through conversation between parents and children.

The Qur’an mentions the Wiseman Lukman’s, commandments to his son saying:

“And We had certainly given Luqman, wisdom [and said], “Be grateful to Allah.” And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] – then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, “O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah. Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice.” And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, [all] that is of the matters [requiring] determination. And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful. And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys.” (31:12)

Many educators have considered such Qur’anic approach to education because it contains the most important foundations of education criteria: For example education by planting sound belief, education by worship, education through psychological observation, vigilance of conscience and physical education, and establishing the concept of disciplined communication with society.

This aspect of education by worship through connecting children to noble rites especially prayer in Islam, is enough to create a generation that carries in its conscience a torrent of good qualities and good morals, as the Qur’an says in the matter of prayer:

“Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded. “(16:90)

Education by Example

This is evidenced in the establishment of the Qur’an of the supreme human perfect example i.e. Prophets, especially Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him):

“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.” (33:21)

The Qur’an focuses that the goodness of parents has a good impact on the souls of children and their general affairs and attitude:

“And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the city, and there was beneath it a treasure for them, and their father had been righteous. So your Lord intended that they reach maturity and extract their treasure, as a mercy from your Lord. ” (18:82)

Allah (God) Almighty says,

“And let those [executors and guardians] fear [injustice] as if they [themselves] had left weak offspring behind and feared for them. So let them fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ” (9: 4)

Making Legislation Appropriate to Family Cohesion

It should be affirmed that Islam has laid appropriate legislations for the cohesion of the family, which is the nucleus of society. These include  social legislation  such as marriage, divorce, and other legislations which were welcomed by Christian themselves .

Similarly, the Prophet of Islam urged marriage to the righteous wife who takes care for the man’s children and wealth, saying:

“The world is but a (quick passing) enjoyment; and the best enjoyment of the world is a pious and virtuous woman”.(Book 1, Hadith 280)

He, moreover, ordered kind treatment between spouses due to the good effect on society and offspring, as confirmed by education and social scientists:

-“Fear Allah, ‘Uthman, your wife has a right on you, your guest has a right on you, your self has a right on you ; you should keep fast and (sometimes) leave fast, and pray and sleep.”

and says:

-“The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.”( Book 9, Hadith 2053)


References

-Al-Durar Al-Saniyya Website.

-Islam Way Website.

Sunnah.com

Biblehub.com

Tanzil.com

-www.gotquestions.org


tags: child-upbringing-in-christianity / child-upbringing-in-islam-moral-upbringing-in-islam / christianity-in-public-education / education-and-christianity / education-and-islam / education-and-religion-in-late-antique-christianity / education-christianity-and-the-state / education-in-christianity-and-islam / education-in-islam-pdf / education-of-christianity / education-vs-christianity / featured-image / importance-of-education-in-christianity / is-education-allowed-in-christianity / role-of-education-in-christianity / the-concept-of-education-and-upbringing-between-islam-and-christianity /



title: Can Biblical Manuscripts Stand Historical Methodologies for Text-Criticism?,
content:

For longو Christians have been proud of their Bible in terms of source and credibility. However, this claim does not stand in front of the historical scientific criticism of manuscripts.

A Brief History of the Bible Manuscripts and Their Dates

The nature of the research here calls us to embark on a historical overview of some of the Biblical manuscripts and their dates. Here are some of them:

– Vatican Manuscript (03) B-Codex Vaticanus:

It is preserved in the Vatican. It was written in Greek by the command of King Constantine in 328 AD, and then transferred to the Vatican; it is considered by the introduction of the Jesuit monastic as the best of Greek manuscripts. It was found in 1481 AD, and dates back to the fourth century AD.

The manuscript of Alexandria (02) A- Codex Alexandrinus:

This copy has been preserved in the British Museum in London, and dates back to the fourth century AD, as some claim. It contained 820 pages, of which 773 pages remain.

The Codex Sinaiticus Codex: (01) A-Codex Sinaiticus:

It was discovered by Constantine Chanderov (born January 1815) in 1859 AD. It dates back to the fourth or fifth century AD. Written by a bishop of Caesarea in 231 AD. It contains the New Testament except (Mark 16: 9-2, John 7: 53, 8: 11). It is is now preserved in the British Museum in London, under No. 43725.

""

Prophet Moses lived in the fifteenth century B.C, and between him and the manuscripts, except for the Qumran manuscript, nearly sixteen centuries!

Codex Ephraemi: (04)

It includes the whole New Testament except for the Second Epistle of Thessalonica and John II, as well as more than half of the Old Testament. It dates back to about 450 AD.

There are many other manuscripts, among which are the following:

Qumran Manuscripts:

Newly discovered and dates back to the first and second centuries BC. These manuscripts were discovered in 1947 by a shepherd in Wadi Qumaran, Palestine, and then transferred to Dr. John Trever at the American University of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. He made an extraordinary effort to photograph a manuscript of Isaiah’s chapter of 24 feet long and 10 inches wide, then sent the pictures to Dr. Albright, Johns-Hopkins University, America, who was considered the dean of clerical excavations.

The chapters of the Old Testament included a complete manuscript of the book of Isaiah dating back to the year 125 BC, and another an incomplete manuscript for a Chapter of Isaiah as well, and a third manuscript of the book of Ezekiel.

Nash Manuscript:

It was written in the second century AD, and it contains only the Ten Commandments.

John Rylinds Papyrus Manuscript:

It contains parts of the Old Testament, and dates back to the second century AD.

There are about 5300 manuscripts of the New Testament in the Greek language, in addition to 24,000 manuscripts of parts of the New Testament.

Reasons for the Corruption of the Bible Manuscripts

Despite the large number of these manuscripts, the difference between them is so great that there is no coincidence for one  manuscript and another. This is testified to by the difference between Christian themselves, Catholics and Protestants, on some of the chapters in terms of rejection and consideration for them as Apocrypha, and the difference over the number of chapters.

Likewise, the human hands interfered intentionally, and unintentionally- sometimes- with transcription errors in them. It was also spoiled by the factors of nature as to obliteration which forced editors to make substitution, and guesswork of some of the biblical texts.

In addition, according to the agreement of many Christian theorists, many of the manuscripts are not written by the hands of their authors, but they are attributed to them as they are. They are, moreover, not the original manuscript of the scriptures descended to prophets from the heavens. Could translations replace the original text ?! A translation,according to linguists, cannot be the original in no way, no matter how accurate it was.

What prompts us to say that the Bible was distorted those heretic doctrines inserted into the word of God as to the ascription of a son to God and the claim of trinity referring to three gods in one!.

Human interference in the Bible is so clear. The Jews deleted all that condemn them– as to the killing of Isaiah and many of the prophets!

That is why we find the Eastern Church has fallen into a trouble when it saw a text transmitted to Western translations, conveying the doctrine of trinity with the loss of the same text in the original manuscripts of the Bible! :

“…,and these three are one and those who bear witness are three on earth, the Spirit, Water, and Blood”.

According to the Catholic version of the Bible This text was not mentioned in the manuscripts before the fifteenth century, nor in the old translations, nor in the best origins of the Latin translation, and it is more likely that it is only a comment written in the margin and then inserted into the text while it was being transmitted to the West.

In History of the Bible S. Miller and R. Huber say:

“As to the oldest books that have reached us: No one knows when the books of the Old and New Testaments were combined in one volume in one volume, but the oldest two copies of the Bible arrived us (almost complete) dating back to the middle of the fourth century. They are today known as the Vatican manuscript and the Sinai manuscript, and they contain most of the Septuagint version (a translation of the Hebrew text of the Bible, which became an accredited translation for the Church of the Old Testament. It was translated in stages between the third century to the first century BC). They contain the chapters that were deleted by the Jews, and the Protestants considered them to be apocalyptic. The Vatican version lacks the chapter of the Maccabees, and both manuscripts contain all the chapters of the New Testament (27 books). The Sinai manuscript also contains the letter of Barnabas and the shepherd of Hermas. As for the Sinaitic version, it has a more interesting history. It was written in Egypt in the late 4th century and preserved in the Monastery of Saint Catherine”.

Prophet Moses, peace be upon him, lived in the fifteenth century B.C, and between him and the manuscripts, except for the Qumran manuscript, nearly sixteen centuries.

As for the rest of the manuscripts, the closest manuscript to Jesus dates back to nearly one century after his death. Furthermore, Manuscripts do not agree in many of their texts.

In his book, An Introduction to Biblical Criticism, R. Y. Dawoud says:

 “We do not possess the original texts of the Gospels, because these texts were inscribed and errors were made in them during the inscribing-process. We often have multiple readings of one verse through the various manuscripts that have reached us, so what reading should we consider? Therefore we must rely on the science of text-criticism to various manuscripts to reach the original texts. The science of text-criticism aims to reach the original text as close as possible. The first work is to collect all documents of the New Testament and arrange them. The review of manuscripts should not be restricted to the Greek manuscripts. Rather, it should include all manuscripts that contain a translation of the New Testament Which is used by Christians in the early centuries (Latin-Syriac, or Coptic)”.

S. Miller and R. Huber say: “Doubt also touched upon the sources of the books of the New Testament and those who wrote them in the early years of biblical criticism. Initially scholars began to believe that not all of the letters attributed to Paul had been written by him, so perhaps some of them were written by his disciples who borrowed his name to give greater importance to their writings. Soon, many inquires emerged about who really wrote the epistles of Paul? Scientists also began wondering about who wrote the Gospels and when, saying that the names of the preachers or evangelists: Matthew, Luke, and John were applied only in the 2nd  century, and they may not be accurate. Accordingly they examined the Gospels and their sources to reach their real authors!”.

There is a difference between maintaining the original text and translation to it only, as the case with the Gospels who lose their original text.”

One looking into the Gospels today, can see the defect that afflicted them in terms of contradicting narratives and their narrators. In his book An Introduction to the New Testament, F. Aziz says, “Who has written the Gospel of John? This question is difficult to answer, and the answer to it requires extensive study which will often end with the phrase: Only God knows who wrote this gospel.”


References

-The Catholic version of the Bible, 3rd ed, Beirut, Dar Al-Mashriq.

-Miller, R. Huber, In the History of the Bible.

-Dawoud. Introduction to Biblical-Criticism, Beirut, Dar Al-Mashriq.

Sites:

-www.hurras.org

-www.ebnmaryam.com

-st-takla.org

-Wikipedia encyclopedia


tags: bible-manuscripts-1400-years-of-scribes-and-scripture / biblical-manuscripts-book / biblical-manuscripts-compared-to-other-ancient-texts / biblical-manuscripts-evidence / biblical-manuscripts-found / biblical-manuscripts-in-the-british-library / biblical-manuscripts-list / biblical-manuscripts-pdf / biblical-manuscripts-wikipedia / biblical-text-manuscripts / biblical-textual-manuscripts / can-biblical-manuscripts-stand-historical-methodologies-for-text-criticism / christian-arabic-manuscripts / christian-illuminated-manuscripts / early-biblical-manuscripts / exploring-biblical-manuscripts / featured-image / gospel-sermon-manuscripts / greek-biblical-manuscripts / greek-illuminated-manuscripts / greek-manuscripts-british-library / greek-manuscripts-cambridge / greek-manuscripts-codex / haplography-biblical-manuscripts / how-are-biblical-manuscripts-dated / how-many-biblical-manuscripts-are-there / where-are-the-biblical-manuscripts-kept /



title: Is “Epiphany” Acceptable according to Jesus’ Teachings?,
content:

Epiphany: A Brief Historical Background

Christians celebrate Epiphany as the second largest holiday after Christmas, and the Coptic Church considers Epiphany one of the “Christ-Days”.
It is celebrated twelve days after Christmas, and it is called Epiphany. It means “baptism by immersion”, or the day of sacrifice or baptism.

The traditional date for the feast is January 6. However, since 1970, the celebration is held in some countries on the Sunday after January 1. Eastern Churches which are still following the Julian calendar observe the feast on , according to the internationally used Gregorian calendar, January 19.

According to Wikipedia, Epiphany is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ. In Western Christianity, the feast commemorates principally (but not solely) the visit of the Magi to the Christ Child, and thus Jesus’ physical manifestation to the Gentiles. It is sometimes called Three Kings’ Day, and in some traditions celebrated as Little Christmas.

""

One may ask about the relationship of a diver’s going down in frozen water for search for the cross to the rite of baptism–an act which Jesus did not know?!

Eastern Christians, on the other hand, commemorate the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River. According to them the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist is seen as his manifestation to the world as the Son of God and salvation. They claim that, although Jesus had no sin, he was baptized as a symbol for our salvation or his Sacrifice to us.
To Support this, they infer the texts of the Bible, mentioning the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist, including:

“At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. Just as Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” (Mark 1: 9-11), see (As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. Matthew 3: 16).

Could Epiphany Stand for Criticism?

We notice the failure of the concept of feasts on the Christian side, despite their agreement that feasts are rituals that occupy an important part of the Christian dogma.
There is no text in the Bible, urging the followers of Christ to celebrate this feast. Christians only claim that the Apostles have observed it and cite the following words to support it:
“Let you have a great feast, which is the Epiphany, because the Lord began to show his divinity in the baptism in Jordan by John.”
In fact, this text is not known about the Apostles, but it is a compelling ecclesiastical law imposed on the followers of Christ!
According to some contemporary Epiphany-rituals, “the baptized extracts the cross from the bottom of the water,” a ritual that Christ knows nothing about!

Contemplating on the motives for these rituals accompanying this feast, we find that they were based on the weak principle, upon which many church rituals were built, namely, purification from the inherited sin. This is testified by the evidence that many rituals associated with it were claimed by priests to erase sins.

A Christian Arab writer called Georges Milad says: “There is a special ritual prayer performed during Epiphany which is repeated only 3 times per year; it is the prayer of Al-Laqqan. In Christianity, it means ‘ablution’. Laqqan is a Greek word, meaning the “vessel in which water is placed to wash from it”. A priest, usually puts the forehead of men into the water as a symbol of washing from sin.

Perhaps this weak justification raises in our minds a question: Does a sinner need to be washed with water so that his/her sin may be forgiven?! Suppose that a stubborn disobedient did baptism, and nothing in his heart changed: would that remove his/her sin?!
In his book, the Right Answer To Those Who Changed The Religion Of Christ, Ibn Taymiyyah, a Muslim theologist, says:

“As for many of the laws that they are (i.e. Christians) following, their scholars know that most of them are not performed by Christ, peace be upon him. He did not legalize Epiphany. They were invented after the apostles. In the time of Constantine, many legislations, and doctrines were invented. They supported such newly rites with equivocal biblical texts, despite the existence if other definite texts contrary to them in the same book. Some of the so-called canonical texts were either narrated from the prophets, or the Apostles, while many of the heretic rites were not narrated from one of the Prophets, or the Apostles. Christians usually permit their clerics to change the laws of the religion and set a new law. Therefore, many of their religious laws were heretic and were not approved by a book or a prophet”.

It appears that Baptism was specific to Christ, and historical factors had their influences on such a rite.
If the evangelical writings on Baptism were specific to Christ, why did the priests extend this ritual to others, and added more irrelative rites to it?!

Many rituals have been associated with such ritual, which is not related to Christ -peace be upon him: One may ask about the relationship of a diver’s going down in frozen water for search for the cross as a rite of baptism?!

There are kinds of food associated with it, and we see absurd justifications from the Christian clerics to justify linking them to Epiphany!

According to Western churches, popular Epiphany customs include Epiphany singing, chalking the door, having one’s house blessed, consuming Three Kings Cake, winter swimming.

Goerges Milad says, “Eastern Christians eat taro in Epiphany, because it contains useful material, nutritious, and is similar to the of water of baptism through which a person purifies himself from sin”. Should all such absurdities be linked to Christ?!

The Christian-Christian Difference on Epiphany

No wonder that some churches have been disputed on such a festival. Gerges Milad says: “The Orthodox Church considers baptism by immersion” as one of the prominent differences with the Evangelical Church that did not consider baptism by immersion previously”.

He also says, “Early Christians were baptized only on Epiphany, to become Christians, but now they are baptized on any day!”.
We may ask: How is it permissible for the Church to deviate from the previously church jurisdiction of such ritual?!

If John the Baptist baptized Christ to receive the start of his preaching, and Christ did not make baptism his permanent tradition throughout his life, how could the Church legislate it all the time forever?! .

Noteworthy, this feast was influenced by pagan rituals including the belief in Trinity, and the son-ship of Christ to God! According to the Gospel of John, John the Baptist said:

“Then John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. And I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is the one who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’ I have seen and I testify that this is God’s Chosen One.”(John 1: 32-34).

There is no doubt that such a text contains a dramatic filling which is felt by those who have the slightest experience in text-criticism. According to it, John the Baptist says,

“I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”

Those words were neither said by Jesus, God nor the Holy Spirit? Was Jesus loaded with sins, to be baptized, by John who objected to his baptism at first (Matthew 3:14)?! Was Jesus sinful?! Or did he want to enter their new Christianity?!

Their fools answer: Christ has baptized us to wash away our sins! Would sins be purified with such a minor act, even if they were the most dangerous and criminal ones?! What guarantees Christ that the one who bathed for him to purify him from sins, may not indulge into the same sins after Jesus’s demise?!

If Christ bore our sins on our behalf, why should we repent?! Doesn’t this encourage us to commit more sins?!

The religion of Islam is the religion that corresponds to the sound nature; its followers will be free from such heresies. According to Islam, no one would bear another’s sin. God, almighty, says in the Qur’an:

“Say, “Is it other than Allah I should desire as a lord while He is the Lord of all things? And every soul earns not [blame] except against itself, and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.” ” (6: 164),

The Qur’an also leaves the door of repentance open to all people; no barrier between them and their Lord:

“And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. ” (2: 186)


References

-The Holy Qur’an (Tanzil.Net)
-The Bible (Biblehub.com)
-Ibn Taymiyya, Al-Jawab Al-Sahih Liman Baddala Din Al-Masih (Right Anser to Those Who Changed the Religion of Christ”.
Wikipedia Site
-www.stmaryelgolf.com
-alwafd.news


tags: epiphany-and-christianity / epiphany-and-orthodox-christmas / epiphany-christian-calendar / epiphany-christian-celebration / epiphany-christian-definition / epiphany-christian-holiday / epiphany-christian-meaning / epiphany-christian-quotes / epiphany-christian-word / featured-image / is-epiphany-acceptable-according-to-jesus-teachings / the-epiphany-christianity /



title: God’s Names in the Bible,
content:

Many names of God are common in the Bible. However, a short look at them make us realize the clear contradiction Jews and Christians got in regarding their God.

When asked about the name of God in the Bible, especially in the Old Testament, Christian thinkers answer that “the God of the Jews or the Old Testament is such and such”, and the image in our minds reveals that the God of the Old Testament is different from the God of the New Testament. Upon such contradiction about were the two from Two gods or one God!

On the Jewish side, we find the same thing. They monopolize the name of God. The name of God – according to the Jews – is sacred, and it is not proper for the common people to utter it and it should be pronounced by a certain sect of them only!

"God's

“God said moreover to Moses, “You shall tell the children of Israel this, ‘Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations.” (Exodus 3:15)

By asking about the many names of God in the Old Testament, they show that they are only titles, and do not denote multiple deities. Among these names mentioned in the Bible and in the Old Testament in particular:

Elohim (אלוהים)

Many Bible commentators claim that it is a word which denotes the name of God in the plural. Among the texts that mention such a Hebrew name of God are:

“In the beginning God (Elohim according to Hebrew version) created the heaven and the earth..” (Genesis 1: 1)

Adonai

This name denotes “master” or the owner of heaven and earth.

“My soul, you have said to Yahweh, “You are my Lord. Apart from you I have no good thing.”.” (Psalm 16:2).

Eil Shadai (שַׁדַּ֔י (šad·day)

Meaning “al-the most Powerful/ The Almighty Lord”:

(Genesis 1:17):

“And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, Jehovah appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am God Almighty (אֲנִי־ (’ă·nî-) אֵ֣ל (’êl) שַׁדַּ֔י (šad·day)); walk before me, and be thou perfect”

Jehovah/Yahweh

It is one of the most important names of God in the Bible that a sect called Jehovah’s Witnesses, a mixture of Judaism and Christianity calling for God as having only this name has emerged,! Among those texts contained it are:

“ “You are my witnesses,” says Yahweh/ Jehovah, “With my servant whom I have chosen; that you may know and believe me, and understand that I am he. Before me there was no God formed, neither will there be after me.” (Isaiah 43: 10-13)

“God said moreover to Moses, “You shall tell the children of Israel this, ‘Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations.” (Exodus 3:15)

There are also many other names which include:

 -Jehovah/YAHWEH-JIREH,” God will manage” (Genesis 22:14)

– Jehovah/YAHWEH-RAPHA “The Healing Lord” (Exodus 15:26)

– Yahweh/YAHWEH-NISSI “The Lord is our memorial” (Exodus 17:15)

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-M’KADDESH “The Lord who sanctifies” (Leviticus 20: 8; Ezekiel 28:37)

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SHALOM “The Lord, our peace” (Judges 6:24 (Genesis 2: 4; Psalm 59: 5), meaning the Lord of lords.

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-TSIDKENU “Jehovah/Yahweh (The Lord) (is) our righteousness” (Jeremiah 16:33)

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-ROHI/My Spirit “The Lord is my Shepherd (Psalm 23: 1)

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SHAMMAH “The Lord Is There” (Ezekiel 48:35) – (Ezekiel 8-11) – (Ezekiel 44: 1-4).

-Jehovah/YAHWEH-SABAOTH “Lord of hosts” (Isaiah 1:24; Psalm 46: 7)

-EL ELYON “Higher” (Deuteronomy 19:26), ,Meaning “the Most High God”.

– EL ROI “God of Vision/seeing” (Genesis 16:13)

-EL-OLAM “The Eternal God” (Psalm 103: 90)

-EL-GIBHOR “God Almighty” (Isaiah 6: 9) – (Revelation 19:15).

Investigation

In fact, a lot of confusion prevailed in this aspect of the two sects of Jews and Christians. They mixed the names of God with His attributes, so you hardly find a disciplinary measure for distinction between them; we find out that they have considered many of God’s actions and attributes as his names!

We, also, feel confusion on another side. The translators of the Bible were confused about the name of god so that one of the two groups may not monopolize it, or the New Testament supporters may not be disdained or rejected.

Therefore, translators resorted to a general word, which is “Lord or God”. In the Arabic translations of the two Testaments God names were translated to the Arabic general word “Al-Rab (i.e. God).” They have thus escaped from a stalemate to a more severe stalemate, falling into absurd justifications for the Trinity by claiming that all divine names in the Old-Testament should be given to Jesus (who was not yet born) or the Holy Spirit. In his book “The Names of God in the Bible”, Dr Minis even claimed that all God’s names in the Old Testament should at least bear the prophecy of trinity!

As for Islam, we do not find embarrassment in the multiplicity of the Names of God Almighty. What, however, is forbidden is to mix them with polytheism in any form like the belief that they denote different gods or the multiplicity of Gods as Christians believe. Allah Almighty said in the Qur’an:

“And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing..” (180: 7)

“Say, “Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Merciful. Whichever [name] you call – to Him belong the best names.” And do not recite [too] loudly in your prayer or [too] quietly but seek between that an [intermediate] way. “.(17:110)

“He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (24:59)

The People of the Book, Jews and Christians, fell into deviation and polytheism in the names and attributes of God. So, we read in the Bible that God cries, regrets, and fears! We see manifestations of degrade for God in likening him to creatures!

It is even worse that Christians, who followed the way of the pagans, polytheists and idol-worshipers, translated the word “Lord or God” to refer to Christ or made Christ a partner or a match to Allah.

The Muslim Imam At-Tabari, (a well-known Muslim interpreter of the Noble Qur’an) says about the interpretation of the aforementioned Qur’anic verse (180: 7): “Their polytheistic approach in the names of God was through giving the names of God to their gods or idols. They increased in them and decreased them.  They even called one of their gods “Lat”, deriving it from the word “Allah”, and the other god “Uza”, as a derivation from the name of God, “Al-Aziz.”

After this verse, God has shown that there is a nation among other nations that did not fall into such aberration and delusion; it is the nation of Islam.

Muslims believed in God as one Lord and did not fall in deviation as regard to His names or attributes. They kept him away from any shortfall and singled him with worship:

“And whoever created us will lead a nation to be guided by truth, and through it they will be righteous” (181: 7)

The Qur’an, moreover, justly recommend a group of the People of the Book before Islam, who followed Moses, peace be upon him, and did not fall into such aberration and delusion:

“And among the people of Moses is a community which guides by truth and by it establishes justice.” (159: 7)


References

-Dr. Pastor Mounis Abdel Nour, God’s Names in the Holy Bible, Cairo.

-The Holy Quran (via / tanzil.ne)

-The Bible (via biblehub.com)

-https://www.gotquestions.org/Arabic/Arabic-names-of-God.html


tags: all-god-names-in-the-bible / featured-image / god-changes-names-in-the-bible / god-name-in-the-bible-verses / god-names-in-the-bible-and-meaning / god-names-in-the-bible-pdf / gods-different-names-in-the-bible / gods-many-names-in-the-bible / gods-names-in-the-bible / gods-names-in-the-bible-and-their-meanings / names-given-by-god-in-the-bible / names-in-the-bible-changed-by-god / what-are-gods-names-in-the-bible / what-is-all-god-names-in-the-bible /



title: Crucial Facts That Should Be Known about Jesus,
content:

General And Crucial Facts Should Be Known about Jesus Christ

In the Islamic doctrine, there is no doubt that the Christ son of Mary (`Eisa son of Mariam), is a human being and a Messenger of Allah, so non-Muslims  especially Christians should recognize the following facts:

First, `Eisa is human born from mother without father; he is like our mother Eve who was created from Adam without mother.

Second, he is a Messenger of Allah like other Messengers of great hardihood.

Third, he called Bani Israel to worship only Allah who is `Eisa’s Lord and their Lord.

Fourth, he was neither killed nor crucified; but lifted up to heaven.

Fifth, he is still alive in heaven.

Sixth, he will descend, break the cross and kill the false Christ.

Seventh, he will rule on the earth for forty years with the Holy Quran as it is the Last word of Allah.

Eighth, he will die in this world and resurrect as other Prophets and human beings.

Ninth, on the Resurrection Day, Allah (Exalted be He) will directly inquire about the deity question of  the Christ (peace be upon him) and his mother Mariam in front of those who took him and his mother as gods with Allah (Exalted be He) so that they can hear the Christ when he will whitewash himself in fear and surprise from what they lied  on him in this World. Tenth, every human being is destined to die once only in this world and if `Eisa (peace be upon him) died, he would not come down by the end of time. Eleventh, Bani Israel differ in their belief in regard to the nature of Jesus (AS).

"The

“They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah.” (Qur’an, 5:72)

Besides, the Jews forged the Holy Books, see (4:46)

“Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places,…” Ultimately, the trinity doctor proved to be forged and untruthful.

Also see  the following ayas i.e. verses ( 5: 72, 73 – 75):

(72) They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

(73) They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.

(75) Christ the son of Mary was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!

The Holy Qur’an Denies the Trinity Doctrine

However, the corrupted Christian doctrine, trinity, continued to the time of Messenger Mohammed  peace and blessings of Allah be upon him who is sent to all Mankind and calls all nations to the doctrine of Monotheism (Tawhid).  The Holy Qur’an attacks the trinity doctrine and points out that it is false and that there is no god but Allah. Furthermore, the Holy Qur’an denies the deity of the Christ and assures that he is just a Messenger of Allah and His word (Exalted be He ) endowed to Mariam mother of Jesus. See (5: 116-117),

(116) And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah´?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden.

(117) “Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say, to wit, ´worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord´; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.

To conclude, Allah (Exalted be He) calls those who led astray and worshipped Jesus to repent and return to Allah the Lord of the Christ and their Lord and worship Him alone (Exalted be He), otherwise they shall be thrown into Hellfire. See (5:74),

“Why turn they not to Allah, and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.”


About Author

Dr. Ahmad Muhammad Al khalidi is Researcher and translator, EL teacher and lecturer, an old member in the presentation to Islam committee.


tags: adventist-trinity-doctrine / difference-between-trinity-and-doctrine / doctrine-about-trinity / featured-image / holy-trinity-a-doctrine / the-question-of-trinity-doctrine / the-trinity-doctrine / the-trinity-doctrine-in-scripture / the-trinity-doctrine-origin / the-trinity-doctrine-pdf-doctrine-trinity-bible / trinity-doctrine-catholic / trinity-doctrine-catholic-encyclopedia / trinity-doctrine-definition / trinity-doctrine-explained / trinity-doctrine-heresy / trinity-doctrine-history / trinity-doctrine-in-the-bible / trinity-doctrine-not-biblical / trinity-doctrine-origin /



title: The Promised Son,
content:

By Faten Sabri

“Say, [O believers], ‘We have believed in Allah (The Creator) and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.’ ” (Qur’an 2:136)

Although Muslims don’t deny Prophet Isaac’s Prophecy, but the Promised Son for them was Prophet Ishmael (the father of Arabs), from whom Prophet Muhammad arose as the last Prophet.

Muslims don’t believe that the Old Testament and the New Testament are the word of God, but they believe that both have a valid source which is the Torah and the Gospel (God’s revelations to the Prophets Moses and Jesus Christ). Therefore, some parts of them are from God and others not. Both the Old Testament and the new testaments suffered severe changes to hide the truth of the Prophecy of the coming Prophet Muhammad and the importance of the city of Makkah, and for many other reasons.""

The following explanation can help many to understand what that means:

God made a covenant with Prophet Abraham before both Of His Sons Were Born

“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abraham and said, ‘To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates.’” (Genesis 15:18)

 All the descendants of Prophet Ishmael settled in Arabia, this area is located between the Nile and the Euphrates.

“His descendants (Ishmael) settled in the area from Havilah to Shur, near the eastern border of Egypt, as you go toward Ashur,.. “(Genesis 25:18)

Havila, according to the Bible placed in southwest Arabia, while Ashur is located on the north-eastern border of Egypt, and Ashur was the capital of the Old Assyrian Empire (Iraq today).

Therefore, the descendants of Ishmael settled this area extending south of the Hijaz (Arabia) and north, which includes the land of Paran (Makkah according to the Bible), which was inhabited by Ishmael.

Hagar Is A legal Wife To Prophet Abraham

“So after Abraham had been living in Canaan ten years, Sara his wife took her Egyptian slave Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife.” (Genesis 16:3) 

Ishmael Is A Legal Son To Prophet Abraham

Ishmael means ‘God hears.’ That God accepted the supplication of Abraham to give him a son.  The name Ishmael was chosen by God. It was never mentioned in the Old Testament that Ishmael was an illegitimate son.

“The angel of the Lord also said to her: ‘You are now pregnant and you will give birth to a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the Lord has heard of your misery.’” (Genesis 16:11)

God Promised To Make From Ishmael A Great Nation And Honors Him

“And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. “ (Genesis 17:20)

The Promised Son

“Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, ‘Abraham’ ‘Here I am,’ he replied. Then God said, ‘Take your son, your only son, whom you love—Isaac—and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you.’”(Genesis 22:1-2)

A contradiction was found here; it is mentioned that ‘take your only son Isaac’. Ishmael was the only son of Prophet Abraham for fourteen years, till the birth of Prophet Isaac. When Isaac was born, Abraham had two sons. The name of Ishmael was changed to Isaac. But the word ‘only’ preserved by the mercy of God to show us the truth.

According to the biblical verse below Hagar and Ishmael were sent a way because of Sara’s jealousy. In Islam this incident happened because of God’s plan and it took place before the birth of Prophet Isaac. By reading the following biblical verses we can understand that the Islamic version of the story is more accurate.

“The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast.  But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, ‘Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.’” (Genesis 21:8)

“Early the next morning Abraham took some food and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put the child upon her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She went on her way and wandered in the Desert of Beersheba.  When the water in the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes.” (Genesis 21:14-15)

Abraham was 86 years old when Ishmael was born.

“Abraham was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore him Ishmael.” (Genesis 16:16)

And he was one hundred years old when Isaac was born.

“Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.” (Genesis 21:5)

It is concluded that Ishmael was fourteen years old when Isaac was born. This is because as mentioned, the incident happened after Isaac was weaned, and their tradition was that the child is weaned about the age of three. Therefore, when Hagar and Ishmael moved, Ishmael was a full grown teenager of about seventeen years old. A teenager can’t be lifted up and to be put under the bushes, according to biblical verse Ishmael must have been a baby not a teenager. Therefore, according to Muslim’s point of view it is another contradiction in the Old Testament.

Ishmael Was Circumcised  Before  The Birth Of Isaac

“And Abraham was ninety years old and nine when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the self-same day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.” (Genesis 17:24-27)

Abraham, Ishmael, and the men of Abraham’s family were circumcised, but Isaac was not born at that time. Isaac was born a year later, and he was circumcised at the age of eight.

“And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. And Abraham was a hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.” (Genesis 21:4-5)

So when the covenant was made (circumcision and sacrifice) Abraham was ninety-nine and Ishmael was thirteen. Isaac was born a year later, when Abraham was one hundred years old.

Abraham Is A pure Monotheist

Prophet Abraham is the ancestor of Judah, Judah whom the Jews came from, is a descendant of Prophet Abraham, so Abraham cannot be a Jew simply because he is not a follower of Judah.

“Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [Monotheist]. And he was not of the polytheists.” (Qur’an 3:67)

Judah taught his people the religion of Prophet Abraham and the religion of all the Prophets who came before him which is Pure Monotheism (believe in One God and unifying Him in worship). Which is The exact definition of the religion of Islam, the religion which started from Prophet Adam and ended with the coming of Prophet Muhammad by shifting the religious leadership to the Arabs and the direction of the prayer to Makkah.

=================================

About The Author:

Faten Sabri (1973-) is a modern Jordanian Muslim thinker. She is well known for her frequent interaction with various cultures, religions and she speaks different languages. She studied comparative religions which made her able to discuss the controversial issues about Islam with the truth seekers and free thinkers.She wrote books about the message of Islam, the original concept of God and Jesus Christ in Islam and she has monthly articles in an international magazines. These books and articles were translated and distributed in more than 9 languages.


tags: featured-image / gods-promised-son / isaac-promised-son / promised-son-of-abraham-and-sarah / sarah-promised-son / the-promised-son / the-promised-son-of-abraham-and-sarah /



title: Faith-And-Moral Issues Between The Qur’an And The Bible: (1) The Ten Commandments,
content:

The Ten Commandments are one of the greatest teachings that Prophet Moses, peace be upon him, came with. In Christianity and Islam as well, we find similar teachings that are sometimes identical and may exceed them.

According to some Christians, they are “essential and obligation; no one can be excused from being bound by them!”

The New Testament gives a hint at them: Christ was asked:

“Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?”. “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There is only One who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments. “Which ones?” he inquired. Jesus replied, “‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother,’ and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.'” “All these I have kept,” the young man said. “What do I still lack?” Jesus answered, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.’ “(Matthew, 19: 16-21).

Also in Matthew (22: 35-40), we find:

“One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments”. (Matthew, 22: 35-40).""

According to some: “These two commandments relate to the whole law and all the prophets” and  were considered “A summary of the basic laws of conduct for humanity. Jews and Christians refer to them in order to learn from how to lead a moral life.”

Pope John Paul II said, “The Ten Commandments are not  obligations imposed on us by a tyrant deity. They safe our family’s day and all our coming days”.

They are, according to the Old Testament as follows:

“Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.The Ten Commandments in Islam”

“Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you”.

“You shall not murder”.

“You shall not commit adultery”.

“You shall not steal”.

“You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor”.

“You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” (Exodus, 20: 10-17)”.

Islam came with much of these teachings and with more other commandments! it was Say,

“Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them. And do not approach immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason.” And do not approach the orphan’s property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not charge any soul except [with that within] its capacity. And when you testify, be just, even if [it concerns] a near relative. And the covenant of Allah fulfill. This has He instructed you that you may remember. And, [moreover], this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous”. (6 : 151-153).

Many other commandments are also mentioned in Allah’s saying:

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving. And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully. Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful. And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word. And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent. Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing. And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin. And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. ……”. (17: 23-38)

Regarding the prohibition of unlawful killing, it  says:

“And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly – We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law] (17:33)

As for tackling monotheism (tawhid) and the unity  of  God, the Qur’anic, the Islamic scripture, teachings in most of its contents refer to monotheism:

God Almighty praises (Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”)(112: 1-4).

 This surah has been considered a third of the Qur’an because it included establishing monotheism, which permeates the teachings of the Holy Qur’an much!

Islam, unprecedently, has exceeded these commandments, added much clarifications and benefits, and brought some new rulings and regulations regarding them. While forbidding adultery, Islam sets forth unprecedented rulings as regards adultery-accusations, male and female adulterer respective states of the adulterer, consequences of  accusation whether the punishment should be mitigated or strengthened, deferred or abolished.

The same applies to the crime of theft. Islam lays the appropriate punishment fit to such a heinous crime. It gives details of evidence of the accusation of theft and also takes into account the conditions of the thief and the crime of theft.

According to Islamic beliefs, God has commanded the faithful servants in the Qur’an with many commandments, the most important of which are the ten commandments that were included in the three verses of Surat Al-Anam and also mentioned in verses of Surat  (chapter of) Al-Isra.

The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbids making statues (which could lead to their worship).

“Abu Hurairah,  a prominent companion of the Prophet -may Allah be pleased with him- says: The Messenger of God, may Allah’s peace and prayers be upon him, says: Who is more wrongdoing than the one who tries to create like my creation. Let him create an atom(ant) or a grain of wheat or that of barley”.

The Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, also said:

“The most tormented people (on the Day of Judgement) are the sculptors (or cravers)”.

As for the forbidden false oath, which was stated in the Bible as: “Do not utter the name of the Lord your God in vain,” Islam has forbade swearing by God in vain; such oath was condemned by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that he called it Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus (the one which casts its doer in the Hellfire). However, we find false applications of this concept on the Christian side; we see many of them swearing by faith rather than by God, although the Bible teachings forbids to swear by God falsely only and do not discourage them from swearing by God truthfully! The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, says:

“Whoever wants to swear let him swear by God (Allah) only”.

We, moreover, find many texts in the prophetic Sunnah that show the different rulings on oath: How to preserve or break it.

The Sunnah of the Prophet abounds with talking about being kind to one’s parents: The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“A person will not recompense their parents their right except that he finds them slaves and free them (i.e. s/he cannot recompense them their right) “(Narrated by Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah).

As for the glorification of the Sabbath or other days, it was a test for the Jews who violated the sanctity of God’s commands; God afflicted them with the Sabbath. According to Islam, there are many days which are blessed by God and have merits:

“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him].)” (9: 36).

As for the prohibition on killing. Islam forbids killing others unlawfully. It legalizes death-penalty for those who deserve it and violates God’s law Almighty says:

“And do not kill the soul that God has forbidden except by the truth.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, said: : It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of God except for one of three: being a Thayiib (married or divorced) fornicator, killing others, and the one who leaves his religion and become an apostate dissenting from Muslims”.

The forbidding of false testimony finds support in the Qur’an. Islam condemns those who do false testimony. According to the Qur’an,  one of the characteristics of the servants of the Most Merciful that they do not do false testimony. The Prophet, as well, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, stresses the prohibition of such testimony saying:

“Should I not inform you about the most grievous of the grave sins? (The Holy Prophet) repeated it three times, and then said: Associating partners with Allah, disobedience to parents, false testimony or false utterance. The Prophet was reclining, then he sat down, and repeated it so many times that we wished that he was silent”.

Thus, we see the comprehensiveness of Islamic commandments. Islam adds more noble commandments which are not even found in the Bible or any other scripture. It encourages observation of one’s promises or covenants, being kind or charitable to the orphans, encouraging justice and giving full scales or balance while selling to others and the fear of God Almighty!.


References

-Catechism of the Catholic Youth – in Arabic, a group of bishops with the approval of Pope Benedict XVI, Patriarchal Youth Office, Bkerke 2012, pp. 192-193).

-https://st-takla.org/

Links:


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