Jesus was a Muslim.  Yes you read that correctly, Jesus was a Muslim and one of the mightiest messengers of Allaah swt.  Jesus came from the same prophetic traditions as Adam, David, Moses, Solomon, and all of the Prophets whom all came with the same message of Tawhid or Pure Monotheism.  The worship of only the One God which is Allah swt.

Every Muslim believes in the virgin birth of Jesus from Marium (Mary).  You cannot be a Muslim if you do not believe this.  Muslims believe that Jesus was the Messiah, that he was the word of God, and that he will return and kill the anti-Christ.  However, Muslims do not believe that Jesus is God or the son of God.  This is considered blasphemous in Islam and constitutes Shirk which is an unforgivable sin.  Muslims do not believe in the crucifixion either, instead Muslims believe that Allah swt protected Jesus and brought him up to heaven while putting his likeness or resemblance on the cross.  This is interesting in light of the fact that the Gospel of Thomas said that Judas was the one found on the cross and that Judas was the twin or lookalike of Jesus.  In fact Thomas in Ancient Greek means Twin.

When Jesus prayed, he did not pray to himself, he prayed to Allah swt.  He also said that he did nothing on his own but only with the permission of the Lord in the Heavens.

Jesus was a shining example of how to live and in fact there is more information preserved about Jesus in the Islamic texts than in the Christian texts.  Jesus even prayed as the modern day Muslims.


title: Muslims and the Opening-Battle of Coptic Christian Egypt,
content:

Before the Opening-Battle:

The commandment of Prophet Muhammad to deal kindly with the Christian copts:

The Prophet of Islam’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) mercy and tolerance in battles appears much in the opening battle of Egypt. Books of history tells that

“When ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas, was about to open Egypt, he told its people saying, “Our Prophet, peace be upon him, had promised us to open Egypt, and  commanded us to deal with its people kindly due to our kinship or affinity relationship (i.e. shared lineage). They replied to him that: Such kinship or affinity relationship due to lineage which dates back for old times was not to be preserved  except by a real prophet (i.e. Prophet Muhammad)”.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If you open Egypt deal kindly with the Copts because they are abiding by a dhimmah (settlement/pact/ truce) and we have Rahim (kinship affinity relationship or) to them (Narrated by al-Bayhaqi).

""

“Our Prophet has commanded us to deal mercifully and kindly with you due to our shared Rahim (i.e. kinship or affinity relationship/ lineage).” (‘Amr ibn Al-‘As’s saying to Christian Copts before the Opening-battle in Egypt”

Ibn Kathir explains the word Rahim (kinship or affinity relationship) that Hajar (Ishmael’s mother) was Coptic. Others said that Abraham’s mother was Coptic (It is well known that Arabs are the descendants of Prophet Abraham).

He says, “Definitely both of them were Coptic. Explaining dhimmah (truce) he points out that Prophet Muhammad considered Al-Muqawqis’s, Egypt’s leader at the time, present, as peaceful treatment which should be considered as  a truce with him.

The Opening-Battle of Egypt

From the first moment of the opening of Christian Egypt, ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas, the leader of the Muslim expedite to Egypt, does not rush to fight its people. He rather, followed the tolerant  Islamic legislation of the religion of Islam, which is not thirst for blood or to kill the innocent. He declares them to be safe, both: their lives and their homes, till they ponder over the matters between them and the Muslims.

The books  Islamic history narrate that:

“When ‘Umar, the Muslim’s caliph, and Muslims completed the opening of Asham (the Levant), he sent ‘Amr ibn al-Aas to Egypt. He, moreover, sent Zubayr ibn al-‘Awam and Bishr ibn Artah, Kharjah ibn Hudhafah and ‘Umayr ibn Wahb al-Jumahi to accompany him.

They all gathered at the door of Egypt, and all met with Abu Maryam, the Catholicoi of Egypt, and Abu Mariam the bishop who was sent by Al-Muqawqis from Alexandria to support him, and protect Alexandria.

When they all met seeing each other, ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said to his soldiers, “Do not hurry until they have no excuse.” He, moreover, said “Both Abu Mariam and Abu Miriam the monks of this land should appear”, which they did. He said to them, “You are both the monks of this land: know that that God (Allah) sent Muhammad- peace be upon him- with the right and commanded him to follow it, and Muhammad, peace be upon him, has commanded us to follow it. He delivered all of the message he was ordered to deliver by God and passed away making all matters clear to us”.

Among that which he ordered us to do is that we should be patient with people until they have no excuse. Therefore, we call you to Islam. Those responding to our call, would be considered of our people and those who refused to adopt Islam, will be commanded to pay Jizyah (tribute) and would be protected.

Our Prophet has informed us that we would be victorious over you and open your land. He, moreover, commanded us to deal mercifully and kindly with you due to our shared Rahim (i.e. kinship or affinity relationship/lineage). If you respond to us and do not fight us, you will be safe throughout another truce.

Our leader has commanded us to deal kindly with the Copts because our Dhimmah and Rahim”. They replied to him that: Such kinship or affinity relationship due to lineage which dates back for old times was not to be preserved  except by a prophet (i.e. Prophet Muhammad)”.

“She (Hajar) was the daughter of our king of Memphis. The people of Heliopolis invaded her and her people. They defeated them to be alienated and distracted. The daughter of the king was given to Abraham -peace be upon him. So welcome you and your Amir (prince). So please give us a pledge of safety until we come back to you”, they replied.

‘Amr said to them “I cannot not be deceived by anyone. I will delay you for three days so that you may discuss the matter among yourselves otherwise I will fight you. They replied , “Give us more days,”. He added to them one more day. They also asked him one more day , which he did. 

They went back to Al-Muqawqis, Artabun who refused to respond to their message and ordered that the Muslims should be fought secretly. They (the two monks)  said to the people of Egypt: “We will strive to protect you and do not return to them (i.e. respond to them)”. He said to them “There are still four days left (for the truce) so fight the Muslims”.

Their leader advised them to invade the Muslim secretly and deceive them. Noble-men among them reprimanded them for fighting the brave people (i.e. Muslims) who killed Caesar and Hercules and defeated them in their lands . Artabun insisted that the Muslims should be deceived and besieged.

They could not defeat the Muslims who Besieged Ain-Shams (Heliopolis) in Egypt on the fourth day. Al-Zubayr along with his soldiers mounted on the wall protecting them and invaded them.""

They fled to the door to be met with ‘Amr who reconciled with them through a truce. Al-Zubair had control over the land. ‘Amr wrote to them a Book of peace (i.e. pledge or truce) which reads:

“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful: This is what ‘Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas has given to the people of Egypt including: the safety of souls, religions, their properties, their churches, their crosses, their sea and land. No one may interfere with anything of these or  diminish those rights, The people of Egypt should give the Jizyah (A few amount of tribute) if they agreed to this truce and their river’s increase mounted to fifty million; they should only be charged an amount which should meet their protection.

If any of them refused to pay Jizya, an amount of Jizya would be deducted from the whole amount of jizya imposed on them and the truce between us and those refused to pay it would be revoked. If their river is less than the required amount, an amount of Jizya  would be deducted according to it. The one refused such truce and wants to go out of the land or migrate so that s/he may not be under our rule, s/he may do and would be safe until s/he migrates.

In this book is the pledge of Allah and the pledge of his messenger and the pledge of the Amir of the believers and the pledge of the believers.

All of the people of Egypt adopted such a truce and they accepted reconciliation; soldiers then dispatched in Al-Fustat (Old Cairo). Abu Mariam and Abu Miriam then appeared to ask ‘Amr to free the captives who were captured after the battle. ‘Amr refused to free them and expelled the two monks out.

When ‘Umar b. Al-Khattab, the Muslim Caliph heard about the incident, he ordered that the captives at the time of fifth-days truce should be freed and the captives who fought and those who did not should not. Some books mentioned that ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab gave the captives the choice either to revert to Islam to be free or join their people and also be freed  on the condition that they pay the Jizya. Those fled captives who left and Muslims could not chase them were not to be chased to be forced to abide by this truce.

Some of the captives accepted Islam freely and others did not, to whom Muslims did not do harm. This how the truce between the Muslims and the Egyptian Copts was”.

This historical narration shows the Justice and tolerance the Muslims adopted represented in their leaders’ kind dealing towards the Egyptian Christian Copts. They gave them choice either to revert to Islam or adopt their religions making a truce between them and the Muslims which safes their lives and properties in recompense to a small amount of money called the Jizya which makes Muslims responsible to protecting them.

Such Justice also materializes in ‘Amr’s command that the amount of Jizya should be based on the amount of water of the Nile River so that the Copts may not be harmed at the times of drought.

It also materializes in Umar’s dealing with the captives ordering his leader not to rush to refuse to free them giving them the choice either to adopt Islam or to be freed on the condition of paying Jizya.

Thomas Arnold, the author of The Call to Islam, notes (According to him): “The rapid success of the Arabs is due, first of all, to the acceptance of the Christian people who hated the Byzantine rule and their unjust administration and their bitter hatred to the theologians (Monks and priests). Jacobites, moreover, who were the majority of the Christian population, were treated unfairly by the followers of the Orthodox doctrine of the court. “

Egypt’s Christian Coptic conquest represented the finest example of adherence to the human civilized values ​​in times of wars and battles. The followers of the religion of Islam adhered to these noble Islamic principles even with enemies.

The provisions of contemporary human rights even find roots in the principles of Islam. It is the first religion to give the right to asylum. A Qur’anic aya reads,

“And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah. Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know..”(9:6).

It is the religion which has protected innocent people, their  lives, property and  families.

The justice of the Muslim invaders of Egypt with the Christians of Egypt has made the Copts equal in the treatment before Muslim leaders along with their different sects (Malkani and Jacobites) who oppressed each other at the time whenever they took over rule.


tags: airo-egypt / coptic-christian-cathedral-egypt / coptic-christian-church / coptic-christian-church-egypt / coptic-christian-egypt-history / coptic-christian-egypt-tattoo / coptic-christian-egyptian-culture / coptic-christian-holidays-in-egypt / coptic-christian-monasteries-egypt / coptic-christian-news-egypt / coptic-christian-religion-egypt / featured-image / muslims-and-the-opening-battle-of-coptic-christian-egypt /



title: On the Last Day, Will Jesus Hold People Accountable or Condemn Them?,
content:

Will Christ really condemn people?

Christians claim that Jesus Christ will judge the people on the day of Judgment and condemn them. Some of them claim that Jesus will “come once again, in another formula and role as the Major Judge who will condemn and has the right to condemn because he lead a moral life without sin”. No sin. ” They cite texts from the Gospel of John and other texts to prove this. These are as follows:

""

“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. “2 Corinthians (5/10)

The Gospel of John (5/26-27) says,

“For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man..”

2 Corinthians (5/10) states:

“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. “

 Romans 14:10-12

“You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. It is written: “‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God. So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God”.

In Luke(6 / 37-39),

“Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you. He also told them this parable: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? “!

Validity of the Christian Doctrine??

This doctrine stems its validity from, the Gospels or Epistles. It is quite known that the validity of the gospels is questioned. The least to be valid among them is the Gospel of John. The words of Paul in his letters are unacceptable, because as he was a fanatic Jew, and the first to cause the deviation of the Christian religion from its real face (i.e. monotheism) to polytheism and heresy claiming that deity Jesus Christ was a deity.

It is strange that the Christians, after proving such judgment, evade it and claim that it is only a reward for them because their true salvation and forgiveness of their sins have been already achieved by the crucifixion of. They construe the meaning of such judgment to mean many other thing than real judgment or distract it from the true meaning.

True View of Jesus’ Role

Whatever it may be, what should we believe is that God Almighty is the one who will hold people accountable on the Day of Resurrection in the true sense and no human may take part in it. Prophets may only be witnesses to it. In the Qur’an (13:40-41):

“And whether We show you part of what We promise them or take you in death, upon you is only the [duty of] notification, and upon Us is the account. Have they not seen that We set upon the land, reducing it from its borders? And Allah decides; there is no adjuster of His decision. And He is swift in account”.

“And whoever invokes besides Allah another deity for which he has no proof – then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.” (23/117)

Suppose the validity of these texts, which are based on Jesus being the Judge for people, it does not apparently indicate so. Jesus peace be upon him will be merely a witness on people on the day of reckoning that he delivered the message as a messenger from Allah (God) Almighty. He will witness against those who deviated from the straight path and were misled. The Qur’an testifies to this fact that is Allah will bring a witness from all nations. Such witness will be the Messenger who was sent to them:

“So how [will it be] when We bring from every nation a witness and we bring you, [O Muhammad] against these [people] as a witness? That Day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish they could be covered by the earth. And they will not conceal from Allah a [single] statement.” (4:41-42)

“And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect from every nation a witness. Then it will not be permitted to the disbelievers [to apologize or make excuses], nor will they be asked to appease [Allah].” (16:84).

“And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect among every nation a witness over them from themselves. And We will bring you, [O Muhammad], as a witness over your nation. And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.” (16:89).

“And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise. And there is none from the People of the Scripture but that he will surely believe in Jesus before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be against them a witness”. (4:157-159).

“And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise”. (5:116-118).

One again, suppose such claim by the Christians to be true, how will Jesus hold the people who did not witness his message accountable?, They might not heard of his call or heard it in her false garment? The Quran says:

“We were not tortured until we send an apostle.”

‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad PBUH) as saying:

I shall be there at the Cistern before you, and I shall have to contend for some people, but I shall have to yield. I would be saying: My Lord, they are my friends, they are my friends, and it would be said: You don’t know what innovations they made after you”. (Sahih Muslim 2297)

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Apostle ) PBUH) as saying:

“Some persons from amongst my associates would turn to my Cistern; when I would see them and they would be presented to me, they would be detained in the way while coming to me. I would say: My Lord, they are my companions, they are my companions, and it would be said to me: You don’t know what innovations they made after you”.( Sahih Muslim 2304 a)

Is Jesus, peace be upon him, aware of what is in the hearts of people so that he can hold them accountable? Allah says:

“To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.” (2:284).

According to Islam, Islam Jesus peace be upon him will descend down at the end of time, kill the Antichrist and break the cross and kill the pig. The descent of Jesus will be a sign for the Hour. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said,

“By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation taken from non Muslims). Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it, and a single prostration to Allah (in prayer) will be better than the whole world and whatever is in it.” Abu Huraira added “If you wish, you can recite (this verse of the Holy Book): — ‘And there is none Of the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) But must believe in him (i.e Jesus as an Apostle of Allah and a human being) Before his death. And on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness Against them.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 3448), (4.159) (See Fath-ul-Bari, Page 302 Vol 7

There are many prophetic hadiths (sayings of Prophet Muhammad), according to Ibn Kathir, a Muslim scholar, which tell about the descent of Jesus peace be upon him, before the Day of Resurrection as a just imam (leader or ruler) and judge, Therefore, Jesus will be only a judge in worldly life not the Hereafter and he will be a ruler. He, moreover, will not hold people accountable for bad intention in the heart, he rather will judge by what appeared to him by the law of Islam, including the words of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.

The concepts of condemn, Judgment, reward and punishment are confused on the Christian part. We see false and contradictory interpretations of the concept of condemn. The Christians claim that Christ did not come to condemn people and claim on the other side that he will hold them accountable! Christ says according to the Bible John 12:47: “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world.” According to this Jesus did come to condemn the world, how will he hold them then accountable according to the following text: “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven”(Luke 6:37)?!


References

  • Studies in Jewish and Christian Religions, by Saud bin Abdul Aziz Al-Khalaf, Library of Adwa’ Al-Salaf, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Books of the Prophet’s Sunnah


tags: featured-image / held-accountable-bible / held-accountable-for / held-accountable-for-their-actions / held-accountable-kjv / held-accountable-meaning / held-accountable-scripture / will-jesus-hold-people-accountable-on-the-day-of-judgment-or-condemn-them /



title: You ask and Jesus Answers (Part III),
content:

When Jesus Christ was asked about the place for worship, he stated that worship will be conducted at a new place other than Jerusalem.

This is an indication of changing the direction of the Prayer from Jerusalem to Makkah and shifting of the religious leadership from Israelites to Arabs.

“The woman said to him, ‘Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship.’ Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.’” (John 4:19-24)

 Jesus spoke here about true believers who will worship God in a place other than Jerusalem.

 In The New Testament, Jesus refers to a stone rejected by builders, and then the stone became the cornerstone. It is also mentioned that the kingdom of God will be taken away and given to a people that will produce its fruits.

“Jesus said to them, ‘Have you never read in the Scriptures: ‘the stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes?’ Jesus Christ said: ‘Therefore I tell you that the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you (Israelites) and given to a people who will produce its fruit.’”  (Matthew 21:42-43)

According to the Islamic version of the story, Prophet Abraham took Ishmael and Hagar and settled in Makkah (Paran in the Bible). A city where the Valley of Baca exist.

“Our LORD, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House (the valley of Baca in Makkah), our LORD, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.” (Qur’an14:37)

The Valley of Baca was mentioned in the Bible:

“How lovely is your dwelling place, Lord Almighty! My soul yearns, even faints, for the courts of the LORD; my heart and my flesh cry out for the living God. Even the sparrow has found a home, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may have her young—a place near your altar, Lord Almighty, my King and my God. Blessed are those who dwell in Your house; They will still be praising You. Selah. Blessed is the man whose strength is in You, whose heart is set on pilgrimage. As they pass through the VALLEY OF BACA, they make it a spring; the rain also covers it with pools. They go from strength to strength; each one appears before God in Zion. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer; Give ear, O God of Jacob! Selah O God, behold our shield, and look upon the face of Your anointed. For a day in Your courts is better than a thousand. I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than dwell in the tents of wickedness for the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord will give grace and glory; No good thing will He withhold from those who walk uprightly.” (Psalms 84: 1-11)

In spite of the claim that the verses above speak about the alleged Zion and argue about its existence, the descriptions given are applicable to Makkah.

“And proclaim to the people the pilgrimage; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass -That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor. ” (Qur’an 22:27-28)

 – Makkah’s gates are open day and night:

“And when We made the House (Ka’aba at Makkah) a visitation and a sanctuary for the people (saying ‘Make the place where Abraham stood a place of prayer. ‘And We made a covenant with Abraham and Ishmael: ‘Purify My House for those who circumambulate around it, and those who cleave to it, to those who bow and prostrate'” (Qur’an 2:125)

– In Makkah, violence, devastation, destruction and hunting is forbidden:

“Indeed those who have disbelieved and prevent from the way of Allah and from this Sacred Mosque, which We have appointed for all mankind – its resident and the foreigner have the same rights in it; and whoever wrongfully intends injustice in it – We shall make him taste a painful punishment.” (Qur’an 22:25)

– Makkah is where the pilgrims go from mountain to mountain (strength to strength): [1]

In the above biblical verses (Psalms 84: 11) is mentioned that ‘they go from strength to strength’, in the Hebrew text, the original word of strength that was used in this verse means a hill, mountain or a barrier. This is a very clear description of one of the Muslim’s rituals [2] in the Holy city of Makkah during the Pilgrimage, as they go from hill to hill that are called Al Safa and Al Marwa. This shows another possible fabrication that is found in the Old Testament.

The verse starts with ‘Blessed is the man whose strength is in You,’ and this also refers to the final Prophet Muhammad who came with the pure message of the monotheism.[3]

In addition, the Valley of Baca is clearly mentioned as a noun in the biblical verse, therefore, it’s an existing place and not a metaphorical one as believed by others. It is also written in capital letters which confirms this assumption.

The biblical verses as said are speaking about a sacred place accommodating the courts of the Lord. In fact, all of those descriptions apply to the city of Makkah.

 Although Muslims believe that the city of Jerusalem is a Holy Place that was chosen by God forever, but the city of Makkah for them is the expected Zion prophesied in the Bible. The meaning of the word Zion[4] is ‘elevated place,’ which is a metaphorical description to a Holy place and which was applied on many cities, it has been used figuratively for the church and for Israel in the Babylonian captivity, so it seems like it has been used for any group or mass of people worshiping God, or to refer to a specific geographical location which can be applied on Makkah here.

The Anglican Church printed in New Zealand a book of prayers replacing the word Zion and the word Israel with the words of the holy mountain of God and the people of God to ensure that the original religious terms are not confused.

Moreover, the idea that the text tells about the past can be easily rejected, as the expression of incidents happened in the form of the past is used in the language of the Bible. “The ancients writers used the future tense to denote the present, the past without discrimination, and the past used to denote the future,” says Espinosa: “This caused many similarities.”

It is very known that the Temple at Jerusalem was established long time after Prophet Abraham, while the Holy House at Makkah was there even before Abraham, and it was in fact the first House of worship appointed for humanity, which was built by Prophet Adam with the help of the angels of God who placed the foundations of this House and was rebuilt later by Prophet Abraham.

” Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and a guidance for the worlds.” (Qur’an 3:96)

 Ka’aba which exists from the remotest antiquity; was visited annually by people from the most distant corners of Arabia; and its sacredness was respected by the whole of Arabia.

The verses below command praising the Creator at the villages inhabited by Kedar, in reference to glorify and praise Him in Makkah. Kedar is a son of Ishmael and a forefather of Arabs. His offspring lived in Arabia. We read:

“Sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants there of. Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.” (Isaiah 42:10-11)

Prophet Ishmael is the base for the Family Tree of Prophet Muhammad through Kedar. The followers of Ishmael- Prophet Muhammad and all Muslims- are faithful until today to this covenant of circumcision. Muslims lift up their voices by praising God the Almighty and glorifying Him in Makkah. In their five daily prayers, Muslims include the praise of Prophet Abraham and his followers with the praise of Prophet Muhammad and his followers.

“As you know, Kedar is a descendant of Ishmael, these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam. ” (Genesis 25:13)

Makkah which is covered by a multitude of camels and to which flocks of Kedar are gathered.

“The multitude of camels  shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.” (Isaiah 60:6-7)

 Makkah exists between Midian ( North Saudi Arabia ) & Sheba ( Yemen)
Kedar & Nebaioth are sons of Ishmael: According to Genesis 25:13. Kedar was the second son of Ishmael, the ancestor of the Prophet Muhammad. Nebaioth is the firstborn son of Ishmael.

Abraham decided to settle Ishmael and his mother Hagar there because of a divine instruction given to Abraham as a part of God’s plan. Hagar did not find water; so she ran seven times between two hills looking for water. This is the origin of one of the rituals that is performed during the pilgrimage to the city of Makkah by Muslims and the same ritual that was mentioned earlier about the two strengths.

“Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink. God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer. While he was living in the Desert of Paran, his mother got a wife for him from Egypt.” (Genesis 21:16-21)

The Bible tells us that a well of water gushed out in the Desert of Paran (The name ‘Paran’ or ‘Faran’ has often been used to refer specifically to the wilderness and mountains near where Makkah is located), [5] from which Hagar drank and gave her son Ishmael to drink.

""This consists with the above verses making mention of the Valley of Baca which is made into a place of springs. The well is still available and it is called the well of Zamzam. As mentioned earlier, Abraham and Ishmael later rebuilt the Ka’aba (the house of worship) in Makkah. The place where Abraham used to perform prayers near the Ka’aba is still there (the Station of Abraham).

During the pilgrimage, pilgrims from all over the world commemorate the offering of Abraham and Ishmael by slaughtering a ram.

The fact that another area called Faran does exist in the south of Palestine does not prevent the existence of other Faran that was inhabited by Ishmael, and the historical evidence leads us to Hijaz (Arabia), where Prophet Ishmael and his father rebuilt the Ka’aba, and where the well Zamzam exploded under his feet, as recognized by a number of historians, like Jerome and theologian Eusebius who said that Faran is Makkah.

Here we find a map was painted in the French court at the time of Louis XIV shows the location of the Mountains of Faran (Paran) in the Arabian Peninsula.

Beersheba [6] is one of the names of the well of Zamzam which is located in the city of Makkah, and according to Muslim’s faith, it is not the name of a city in Palestine as the geographical description of the well does not apply to the place located in south Palestine as claimed.  So here we find another attempt to hide the truth.

In fact, there is no place on the earth where a well gushed out for Hagar and her son Ishmael and at which Ishmael lived and begot a great nation other than Makkah.

“Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. So Abraham called that place The Lord Will Provide. And to this day it is said, ‘On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided.” The angel of the Lord called to Abraham from heaven a second time and said, “I swear by myself, declares the Lord, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.’”(Genesis 22: 13-19)

Here the verse talks about a place that Abraham offered his son, and this place was a place that generations shall worship God in. There is no place on earth where the Jews or Christians celebrate Abraham’s sacrifice and worship God in, but actually in Islam, Muslims have a major feast which the feast of sacrifice, where they believe that the origin of this feast, the sacrifice of Ishmael, happened in Makkah.

We read also:

“These I will bring to my holy mountain and give them joy in my house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house will be called a house of prayer for all nations.”(Isaiah 56:7)

 As the Jews are just one nation, unlike the Islamic world, therefore, this prophecy is about the pilgrimage in Makkah.

This verse refers to:

  • The Holy mountain (Mount Arafat): Standing in the mount of Arafat is one of the pillars of pilgrimage in Islam.
  • The sacrifices: During Pilgrimage rams are slaughtered to commemorate the story of Abraham and Ishmael. (Pilgrimage’s Sacrifices)

    References:

[1]Dr. Zaghlul Al Najar.

[2]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safa_and_Marwa

[3]Dr. Zaghlul Al Najar.

[4]The book of Hidayat Al Hayara.

[5] Sir Sayyad Ahmad Khan (1870). A series of essays on the life of Mohammad: and subjects subsidiary theretoLondon: Trübner & co. pp. 74–76.

[6] http://en.wikishia.net/view/Zamzam

http://neurotherapy-of-christian-brain.blogspot.com/2013/05/well-of-zamzam-or-wilderness-of.html

About the Author:

Faten Sabri (1973-) is a modern Jordanian Muslim thinker. She is well known for her frequent interaction with various cultures, religions and she speaks different languages. She studied comparative religions which made her able to discuss the controversial issues about Islam with the truth seekers and free thinkers.She wrote books about the message of Islam, the original concept of God and Jesus Christ in Islam and she has monthly articles in an international magazines. These books and articles were translated and distributed in more than 9 languages.


tags: featured-image / jesus / jesus-answered-i-am / jesus-answers-a-question-with-a-question / jesus-answers-email / jesus-answers-our-prayers / jesus-answers-prayers / nswers-who-is-my-neighbor / you-ask-and-jesus-answers-part-iii /



title: Usury Between Christianity and Islam,
content:

usury, is prohibited by all heavenly laws in their true and pristine forms. It is , forbidden due to the gross exploitation of the need of others. This article aims to explore the distinction between the Islamic and Christian legislations on usury and its aspects. They may be summarized as follows:

First: comprehensiveness and methodology

In contrary to the Christian legislation, which is devoid of rulings regarding usury, except the statement of the inviolability of usury, the Islamic legislation comprehensively characterizes usury and its rulings in terms of thoroughness and meticulous methodology as regards to its root, types and details of each type

""

“Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest. You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a fellow Israelite”. (Deuteronomy 23:19-20)

.

According to Islam, it is forbidden lend with interest (usury) whether with a Muslim or non-Muslim. Allah Almighty says,

“O you who have believed, do not consume usury, doubled and multiplied, but fear Allah that you may be successful..” (3: 130)

He also – Almighty -says:

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and give up what remains [due to you] of interest, if you should be believers. And if you do not, then be informed of a war [against you] from Allah and His Messenger. But if you repent, you may have your principal – [thus] you do no wrong, nor are you wronged.” (2: 278-279)

It divides usury into two types: riba al-Fadl and riba al-Naseeah.

Riba al-Fadl (unequal compensation) represents a dollar for two dollars, or one kg of wheat for half. This type of usury is authentically prohibited by the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

“Do not sell gold for gold except in full scale,” Recorded by al-Bukhari.

The second type: is al-Nasee’ah usury : like one dollar for other to be repaid later on or one Kg of wheat for one Kg of barley (wheat) to be repaid later, or gold for silver, without receipt. In the Sunnah:

“Do not sell gold with gold except in full scale, and do not sell one of them it for the other which is absent .”

The Sunnah gives much details on the items in which usury occurs:

Malik bin Aus said,

“I was in need of change for one-hundred Dinars. Talha bin ‘Ubaidullah called me and we discussed the matter, and he agreed to change (my Dinars). He took the gold pieces in his hands and fidgeted with them, and then said, “Wait till my storekeeper comes from the forest.” `Umar was listening to that and said, “By Allah! You should not separate from Talha till you get the money from him, for Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, ‘The selling of gold for gold is Riba (usury) except if the exchange is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and similarly, the selling of wheat for wheat is Riba (usury) unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and the selling of barley for barley is usury unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates, is usury unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount”.

Abd al-Rabman b. Abia Bakra reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) forbade the sale of gold for gold, and silver for silver except equal for equal, and commanded us to buy silver for gold as we desired and buy gold for silver as we desired. A person asked him (about the nature of payment), whereupon he said: It is to be made on the spot. This is what I heard (from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).” 

Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Most of the companions of the Prophet, the followers to them and the four well-known Imams agreed that the following things: gold, silver, wheat, barley, dates and raisins should not be sold except in equal scales”.

Based on analogy on the basis of the prohibition of these things, the scholars of Islam have forbidden and legalized the prohibition of other things which share them the same underlying reason of prohibition and may be considered as an act of usury.

As regard to the Bible, especially the Old Testament, there are many texts tackling only the prohibition of usury.

“If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest. If you take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset, because that cloak is the only covering your neighbor has. What else can they sleep in? When they cry out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate”. (Exodus 22:25-27).

“If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and are unable to support themselves among you, help them as you would a foreigner and stranger, so they can continue to live among you. Do not take interest or any profit from them, but fear your God, so that they may continue to live among you. You must not lend them money at interest or sell them food at a profit”.( The Leviticus, 25:35-37)

“Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest. You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the LORD your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess”. (Deuteronomy 23:19-20)

Some Christian commentators claimed that these texts came in a gradual manner and were abrogated by the New Testament verse (Matthew 42: 5) “Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you”, which abrogates the Jewish legislation of permitting usury with non-Jewish people. He has invalidated Jewish law in permitting riba with non-brothers. commenting on Deuteronomy (23:20):

“You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the LORD your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess”,

Father Antonius says,”It was in a primitive spiritual stage in which they had to lend their brothers without interest which should not be the case with  foreigners i.e. pagans. God taught them benevolence gradually through prohibiting usury among themselves and permitting it with foreigners so that they may love each other. Later on usury may be forbidden even with foreigners as the New Testament law states, “love your enemies, bless your cursers …” which was not to be acceptable by common people at such early time. In addition,  such legislation distinguishing between the Jewish and non-Jewish was to discourage pagans from paganism (Matthew 42: 5, 12: 7 and Luke 35: 6). This is the law of the New Testament, in which people are brought up in a spiritual life i.e. (love for all).

However, this contradicts Jesus’ saying, “I have not come to abolish the Law but to complete it.”  Therefore,  with such two different laws, Christians have no choice except that they reject the saying of Jesus or accept the Jewish legislation that legalizes usury with foreigners only. Replying to this contradiction, some of the commentators resorted to interpreting the texts for usury legalized with “non-brothers” to mean pagans .

Secondly: Tolerance and facilitation

On the other hand,  we see the tolerance of Islam in the prohibition of dealing with usury in all its forms and with all human beings and forbade Islam to usurp other’s properties or rights even if they are non-Muslims. , The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said:

“Safwan reported from a number of Companions of the Messenger of Allah(PBUH) on the authority of their fathers who were relatives of each other. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Beware, if anyone wrongs a contracting man, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him on the Day of Judgment..” As a comprehensive religion, Islam even forbids the means to usury It is

Jabir said that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) cursed the receiver of interest and its payer, and one who records it, and the two witnesses, and he said: They are all equal.

Christianity and Usury today

The Christian position on usury today has changed today. Many churches nowadays legalizes usury due to modern circumstances, despite the general provisions that prohibit it in the Bible. Justifying usury a Christian thinker claims that, “Usury was prohibited in the past  on due to the great number of the poor and the needy and the creditors were the rich. Nowadays, the matter has changed. Not only the poor are in need to loans with interest, but also the rich, the wealthy and foundations, banks, major traders, insurance companies and large and small countries in pursuit of production and investment. In this regard, various rules and regulations have been enacted to deal with money and lending, to get certain interests on loans. Many people nowadays are dealing with banks to deposit money for certain benefits. We do not believe that this kind of usury or interest is forbidden according to the Church. It should be noted that there are different opinions of many religious clerics on this subject. To sum up, we reiterate that dealing with the interest or the gross interest  with brothers or friends who have to be indebted to others due  to destitution is undesirable”.

There is no doubt that this trend is contrary to the teachings of the Bible and the human instinct which entail the prohibition of everything that leads to the exploitation of the need of others, as sanctioned by the eternal religion of Islam along with its immortal teachings and laws.


tags: aws-texas / efinition / featured-image / usury / usury-and-the-bible / usury-antonym / usury-between-christianity-and-islam / usury-bible / usury-def / usury-definition / usury-law / usury-laws / usury-laws-by-state / usury-rate /



title: Mary Between the Bible and the Qur’an,
content:

The Mention of Mary in both the Bible and the Qur’an

"Mary

The Qur’an does not mention that Mary delivered a baby other than Jesus in her life.

The Bible does not give much importance to Mary in comparison to the Holy Qur’an which views Mary as a”Sign” from Allah: “

And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign and sheltered them within a high ground having level [areas] and flowing water”. (23:50).

It, moreover, shows Allah’s favor to her and her son (Jesus) with blessings. There is a Surah (chapter) in the Qur’an which bears the name of Mary.

Allah, furthermore, tells that Mary lead a virtuous life,

“So her Lord accepted her with good acceptance and caused her to grow in a good manner and put her in the care of Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered upon her in the prayer chamber, he found with her provision. He said, “O Mary, from where is this [coming] to you?” She said, “It is from Allah. Indeed, Allah provides for whom He wills without account.” (3:37)

“And [mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds”. (3:42)

On the other hand, there is few mention of Mary in the Bible except in gospels and in one incident in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts, 1:14).

Mary is mostly mentioned in the gospels in the contexts of giving birth to Jesus :

“I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May your word to me be fulfilled.” Then the angel left her. Luke, 1:38). (Also see Acts 1:14).

A full account of the story is as follows:

“In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged in marriage to a man named Joseph, who was of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. The angel appeared to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”… Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. So the angel told her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.… Behold, you will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus.… He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David,… and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. His kingdom will never end!”… “How can this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”… Look, even Elizabeth your relative has conceived a son in her old age, and she who was called barren is in her sixth month.… For nothing will be impossible with God.”…(Luke, 1: 26-37).

The account of the incident is also mentioned in Matthew as follows:

“This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins. All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel, which means ‘God is with us.’” When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife. But he did not consummate their marriage until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.” (Matthew, 1:25)

The bible mentions that Mary was engaged to Jesus Joseph the Carpenter. It, moreover, claims that Jesus was his son:

“Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas?” (Matthew, 13:55).

Such verses goes against facts and the miraculous nature of the virgin birth of Jesus and her chastity. The Qur’an, on the contrary, the Qur’an tells a virtuous biography of Mary and her righteous upbringing:

“But when she delivered her, she said,”My Lord, I have delivered a female.” And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, “And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah].” (3:36).

It does not refer that Mary was engaged or married to anyone. The miraculous birth is mentioned as follows in the Qur’an:

“[And mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary – distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah].” (3:45)

“And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel, and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. She said, “Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of Allah.” He said, “I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy.” She said, “How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?” He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.’ “So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, “Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten.” But he called her from below her, “Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream. And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates”.(19:16-25)

The Qur’an condemns the Jews for their accusing of Mary of committing adultery:

“And [We cursed them] for their disbelief and their saying against Mary a great slander,”(4:156). The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers”. (4:171).

“And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient”.(66:12)

But the Qur’an does not mention that Mary delivered a baby other than Jesus in her life. According to the Bible (Matthew, 1:18,), Mary delivered her baby when the Holy Spirit came to her “(Luke, 1:35) and, however, delivered babies other than Jesus later (Matthew 12:46, Mark 6:3, Luke, 2:7, John 7:5). It gives contradicting narrations as regards to Jesus and whether he was the son of Joseph the carpenter and had brothers other than Jesus or not.

Does the Bible contradicts Mary’s Virgin Birth?

The Bible, claims that Jesus was the Carpenter’s son son:

“Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas?” (Matthew, 13:55).

Refuting such contradiction, Christians badly construed the meanings of such text as follows to mean:

  1. The father of those brothers is Joseph the fiance of Mary
  2. They are the sons of Mary or the sons of her daughters.
  3. That they are brothers of Jesus whom Mary gave birth.
  4. That one of them claimed that Mary was his mother and Joseph was his father
  5. That Mary had children before she gave birth to Jesus or after.
  6. Or that those mentioned were born or died before the death of Jesus.

As to the texts which mention brothers to Jesus, they are as follows:

Explainers to these texts claimed that the word “Brothers” does not necessarily  mean brotherhood in lineage in Jewish culture and that the Aramaic and Hebrew languages support this. However, the text denotes otherwise in which the phrase “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son?” is intended to identify Jesus.


tags: featured-image / he-bible-last-name / mary-between-the-bible-and-the-quran / mary-in / mary-in-the-bible-kjv / mary-in-the-bible-meaning / mary-in-the-bible-new-testament / mary-in-the-bible-scriptures / mary-in-the-bible-story /



title: Three In One Or One God? On Trinity in Christianity (Part II),
content:

Jesus is a Messenger from God

The Qur’an declares that  Jesus is merely a messenger sent by his Lord:

“[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.” “. (5/110

“And [remember] when I inspired to the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My messenger Jesus.” They said, “We have believed, so bear witness that indeed we are Muslims [in submission to Allah].” “(5/111)

“And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”. “(6/61

“And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. “(5 / 116-117

The Qur’an clarifies the relationship between the three hypostasises: God is the Lord, Jesus is the Prophet and the Holy Spirit was an angel in support of Jesus the Apostle in his message:

""

“You are the true God alone”. (John, 17-2).

“And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Pure Spirit. But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed. (2/87)

“Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.” (2/253

The fact that Jesus is a word from God does not mean that he is a part of him, but, rather, means that he was a creature, like other creatures, created by His word, which is “Be”. God specifies the Word of Jesus by mention to show his virtue and to refute the claims of those viewing his as a god.

“[And mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary – distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah].” (3/45

“Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was..” (3/59

The Trinitarian Doctrine Deprives the Lord of Many Qualities Granted to Human Beings.

It is sufficient to prove the invalidity of this Trinitarian doctrine that it deprives the Lord of many qualities granted to human beings. A man, has an entity, speaks by his tongue,  lives by his spirit, hears by his ears and sees with eyes, while God, according to contemporary Christianity, is not an entity in Himself except when called the Father. And in his capacity as a son he renounces his entity to be only speaking with his word represented in his so-called son and becomes his word. if God renounces these two attributes he is called the Spirit and becomes alive by his spirit. Would it be possible to accept that humans retain many qualities of life while God is deprived of the least of them to prove His existence?!

The Holy Qur’an came with reasonable evidence of the invalidity of attributing partners to God Almighty:

“Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” (112/4)

,Had there been within the heavens and earth gods besides Allah, they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe.”(21/22)

Trinity in the Bible

As we surf the Bible, we find no explicit statement to support this doctrine. However, throughout corrupt interpretation and playing with the scripture such a deviant doctrine appeared. When asked about texts that support this doctrine in the Bible, Christians only provide texts that show how the Father (the First hypostasis, the Creator God, sent His Son through (the third hypostasis the Holy Spirit, to mankind to save and redeem them. The Bible does not include texts supporting trinity, but they inserted the texts which were, apparently, telling about Jesus’ son-ship and Lordship to prove this doctrine, including:

“As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him..”(Mathew, 3: 16-17)

 “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28: 19)

When confronted with such blatant evidence, the Church resorts to false excuses and corrupt interpretations to justify the trinity belief and claimed that it was understood wrongly.

A Christian thinkers says: “It is a theological expression of the mystery of God, who has appeared to us in the person of Jesus Christ: Christ came to us in the name of God, bearing the salvation of God, and after His resurrection, He sent us the Spirit of God . Thus God inspired us as a Father who sends to the world His Savior and the Holy Spirit” .

“Thus God inspired us in the Old Testament saying: God is the Father who created the world and saves Him with His Word and His Spirit. This is the way we find in the Old Testament to reveal the mystery of the Holy Trinity in the New Testament. We should stress that God does not reveal himself except through His relationship to humans. Such relationship materialized in a trinity-relationship: God is the Father, and the Word and the Spirit are God’s power and His presence, through which he relates to the world to create, guide, save, and give life to it, as St. Eranus puts it, ‘They are the two hands of God’. Therefore, according to what we said at the beginning of our research any theological attempt to reveal the secret of the Holy trinity should not be subject to philosophical contemplation on the divine entity to know its inner composition, but it should be, rather, known through God’s revelation through Himself in the history of salvation. God, in the Old Testament, through the history of salvation, inspired us as a father who creates and saves. In the New Testament, the revelation of God was completed through sending to us His only Son, and by whom we knew the Father and knew the Holy Spirit.”, He proceeded.

What does the appearance of Christ or the Holy Spirit have to do with their being a part of God?! how can the parts of God separate from each other– a man on earth, and Lord in the heavens, and a holy spirit between heaven and earth?!

If a king sends one of his followers or a messenger to people to inform them of his arrival or appearance, would the  messenger become a part of that king?! Surely, he would remain a part of his subjects retaining his position, whatever the prestige or the message he had?!

Trinity Doctrine is blasphemous 

Such a Trinitarian doctrine with such a deviant understanding is blasphemous and attributes humiliation and deficiency to God as Christians claim that: “God reveals Himself only through His relationship with man, and this relationship has appeared to us  in the form of trinity-relationship.” Is God in need of such trinity-relationship to show Himself?! Or would the sending of messengers be sufficient to achieve the purpose of the mission of informing the existence of God? One may assert that God the Almighty can definitely show himself in the universe through his signs in creation and can appear to His creatures as well.

A quick look at such deviant-church interpretations of such a doctrine would prove it to be a mere philosophical heresies which cannot reflect a factual or a right philosophical thought. It is quite clear that Christianity, while adopting such doctrines, has been influenced by was influenced by the Hellenistic and Greek philosophies at the hands of St. Paul the Apostle and by St. Peter Constantine, who tried to follow the non-Trinitarian doctrine of Aires but could not do so. However, the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea approved this doctrine for historical circumstances.


tags: christian-trinity / christian-trinity-college / christian-trinity-meaning / christian-trinity-school / christian-trinity-symbol / christian-trinity-tattoo / featured-image / three-in-one-or-one-god / three-in-one-or-one-god-part-i / three-in-one-or-one-god-part-ii / xplained /



title: Three In One Or One God? On Trinity in Christianity (Part I),
content:

Christian Trinity Throughout History

From time to time many Christians used to see the doctrine of Trinity as a taken-for-granted Christian faith and that no one may be admitted to the kingdom of God except after having faith in it. The question is: Has this belief remained irrefutable as such throughout history by all Christians?

There are many voices opposing this belief within the Christian communities themselves. In Spain, the Spanish reformer Servetus declares his own opinion of the unity of God and the denial of Trinity to be burned alive in 1553 by the Church.

In Bologna, Sussens called for the unity of God and the divine nature of Christ and that God does not unite with human beings. Among his disciples were the Monotheists who called for clearing Christianity of idolatry, and the Church persecuted them and punished them.

Perhaps this raises several other questions: Why did this doctrine not hold up throughout history? Why does the Church insist on its existence?

There is a growing faint voice within the church calling to refer to the teachings of Christ as regards to the unification of God Almighty and to renounce polytheism–A fact of which no stage of Christianity was free of. The cry came as the result of contemplation on the teachings of the gospel and the words of Christ in it which include:

""

“You are the true God alone”. (John, 17-2).

“You are the true God alone”. (John, 17-2).

There are also Christian philosophers  who rejected such pagan doctrines attributed to Jesus. The Christian philosopher Tertullian (220 AD) says,

“We are innocent of those who invented a stoical, Platonic Christianity, or dialectic Christianity. We are not in need of any other thing after Christ and the Gospel!”

Nestorius was Archbishop of Constantinople, Sabellius (fl. ca. 215) and Paul the Shimshati deny the divinity of Christ and decide that he is a human being like all other human beings, except that he is full of graces and blessings. Bishop Maqadinius, on the other hand, rejects the divinity of the Holy Spirit.

All of them realized that Christianity had deviated from the right path and that, in some stages, it had been influenced by the paganism and political differences that guided its faith.

The Qur’an alludes to such difference,

“So she pointed to him. They said, “How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?” [Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive. That is Jesus, the son of Mary – the word of truth about which they are in dispute. It is not [befitting] for Allah to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees an affair, He only says to it, “Be,” and it is. [Jesus said], “And indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path. Then the factions differed [concerning Jesus] from among them, so woe to those who disbelieved – from the scene of a tremendous Day.” (19/29-37

“Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.”(2/253

“[Mention] when Allah said, “O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.”(3/55)

Christian Difference on Trinity

Difference arose after the demise of Christ as to his nature: whether he is of a human or divine nature. A group of deviant people adopted falsehood for which was the upper hand. In his life, Christ -peace be upon- him felt of the arising difference, so warned his disciples against exaggeration as regards to his position.

In the face of the doctrine of the Trinity, the Qur’an shows it as a heretic doctrine and warns the people of the Book (Christians) against adopting it:

” O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.”(4/171

He Almighty tells that:

“They have certainly disbelieved who say, “Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.They have certainly disbelieved who say, “Allah is the third of three.” And there is no god except one God. And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment.. (5 / 72-73)  

“They have certainly disbelieved who say that Allah is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, “Then who could prevent Allah at all if He had intended to destroy Christ, the son of Mary, or his mother or everyone on the earth?” And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. He creates what He wills, and Allah is over all things competent”..(5/17)

The Qur’an frequently stated that Jesus was the son of Mary and not the son of God, and that neither he nor his mother invented miracles appearing at their hands.


tags: christian-trinity / christian-trinity-college / christian-trinity-meaning / christian-trinity-school / christian-trinity-symbol / christian-trinity-tattoo / featured-image / three-in-one-or-one-god-on-trinity-in-christianity-part-i / xplained /



title: Zakah (Tribute) Between Christianity and Islam,
content:

Synonyms of Zakah in the Bible

In the bible, Zakah is mentioned under the meaning of benevolence:

“Blessed are those who have regard for the weak; the LORD delivers them in times of trouble.” (Psalms, 41-1)

“If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat; if he is thirsty, give him water to drink”.(Proverbs, 25-21).

It is also mentioned under the meaning of “Charity”:

“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. “So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,”( Matthew 6/1-3)

“Sell your possessions and give to the poor. Provide purses for yourselves that will not wear out, a treasure in heaven that will never fail, where no thief comes near and no moth destroys”. (Luke 12:33).

""

“So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do…”.( Matthew 6/1-3)

“Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver”.(2 Corinthians 9:7)

In Old-Testament, It is also mentioned as the due tribute :

“36,000 cattle, of which the tribute for the LORD was 72; 30,500 donkeys, of which the tribute for the LORD was 61; 16,000 people, of whom the tribute for the LORD was 32”. (Numbers, 31/38-40).

“From the soldiers who fought in the battle, set apart as tribute for the LORD one out of every five hundred, whether people, cattle, donkeys or sheep”.( Numbers, 31/37).

“Moses gave the tribute to Eleazar the priest as the LORD’s part, as the LORD commanded Moses”. (Numbers, 31:41).

“And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand. Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything”(Genesis, 19:14).

“Be sure to set aside a tenth of all that your fields produce each year. Eat the tithe of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks in the presence of the LORD your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name, so that you may learn to revere the LORD your God always. ” (Deuteronomy 14:23).

Modern Christian Stand on Zakah

In the New-Testament the word Zakah is also mentioned under the meanings of benevolence, charity and due tribute is mentioned

As Jesus says,

“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them”. (Matthew, 5:17), the law of the tribute should proceed:

“The Pharisee stood by himself and prayed: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like other people–robbers, evildoers, adulterers–or even like this tax collector”.(18:11)

“But now as for what is inside you–be generous to the poor, and everything will be clean for you”.(Luke, 11:41)

The Concept of Tenth-Tribute as Understood by the Church

The concept of tenth-tribute has been distorted by the church who maintained the right of having such amount of wealth. When the Church felt embarrassed, it claimed that it is up to individuals to pay the amount they wish.

A Christian thinker says, ” the new Testament did not set a certain amount from one’s income for charity. It rather leaves it to one’s choice according to his/her ability. The Christian Church took the Old Testament’s law of giving 10% of one’s income and applied it as “the least required percentage. But Christians should not always feel compelled to offer their tithes. They should pay according to their ability; the amount may be more or less than tenth. This depends on the ability of the Christian and the needs of the Church. ‘Every Christian should pray and ask for the wisdom of God in the offering of tithes and how much should be given’ (James 5: 1). The Bible says, ‘Every one, as he intends with his heart, without grief or distress, because the giver who is keen with his charity is loved by God.” (Corinthians II 7: 9)”.

A question arises as  to the reason the Church imposed such amount to be paid to it, citing texts which are explanatory and not conclusive in this regard, including:

“Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. Test me in this,” says the Lord Almighty, “and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that there will not be room enough to store it.” (Malachi 3:10), while the Old-Testament laws order paying it to ‘the widows and the poor’?:

“When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it. Leave it for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow, so that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.” (Deuteronomy, 24:19).

the church exaggerated in collecting such tithes enabling even authorities in Christian countries to get it! The Church insists on receiving such tithes inside the church and insists on its existence side by side with the charity to the needy outside the church?! Thus, it is clear the human intervention in such ritual and the priestly-domination in it!

The Concept of Zakat in Islam

As for Zakat in Islam, it is an educational means for the rehabilitation of the human soul to train it to get accustomed to virtues.  Its main objective is to clean the rich’s soul from the dirt of stinginess and the poor’s soul from the feelings of  grudge and oppression.

The Qur’an refers to the existence of Zakah in previous-nations’ laws:

“And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah said, “I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow”.(5/12)

About Prophet Jesus, it says

“And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah (Charity) as long as I remain alive” (19/29)

And about all of the Prophets, it says:

“And We made them leaders guiding by Our command. And We inspired to them the doing of good deeds, establishment of prayer, and giving of zakah; and they were worshippers of Us”.(21/73).

In Islam, the one receiving Zakah (charity) should be deserving it. Therefore, the Qur’an defines only eight types of people who deserve Zakah:

“Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise”(9/60)

The Islamic concept of zakah is characterized by being clear, disciplined and dynamic. It is different from the Christian one which is sometimes indefinite. Priests expanded in the types of tithes and the seizure of the money of the common people in the name of religion and charity. The Islamic concept of zakah is comprehensive, practical which tackles all the affairs of society and achieves true social solidarity. There are many kinds of zakah in Islam which are only to be paid by those having a certain amount of wealth. There is  zakah on wealth (Money, gold and silver), zakah on the land, zakah on trade, and zakah on cattle.

As regards to its collection, Islam enjoins the imam (i.e. leader) of the Muslims, not the clergy, to collect them and pay them to those who are entitled to them because zakah is the right of the poor and the needy. Worker collecting it may be given from zakah in compensation to his effort only in collecting it.

Islam confirmed some of the teachings of the Bible regarding zakah and added more invaluable concepts. Just as Jesus instructed his followers not to show off in charity (Matthew 6: 2-4), Islam orders sincerity while giving charity and forbids to show-off while paying it:

“And whatever you give for interest to increase within the wealth of people will not increase with Allah. But what you give in zakah, desiring the countenance of Allah – those are the multipliers”.(30/39)

Islam also agrees with the Bible (Romans,12:8) in giving charity with benevolence and generosity:

“The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.”(2/261)


References:

https://ar.islamway.net/

https://www.gotquestions.org/Arabic/Arabic-Tithing.html


tags: featured-image / zakah-tribute-between-christianity-and-islam / zakah-not-charity / zakat-charity-facts / zakat-giving-to-charity / zakat-muslim-charity /



title: You Ask and Jesus Answers (Part II),
content:

By: Faten Sabri

“It befits not the Majesty of God that He begets a son for He is far above this. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him. When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, “Be!” and it is.” (Qur’an 19:35)

Is Jesus the Son of God?

“Jesus said: ‘., I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’” (John: 20:17)

Virgin Mary is not the only person who was told that the Holy spirit will come to her

"jesus

Is Jesus the Son of God?

The mother of Prophet John according to the Bible was filled with the Holy Spirit.

“But the angel said to him, ‘Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will also be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.’” (Luke 1:13-15)

We read:

“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” (Acts 1:8)

We also read:

“While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit came on all who heard the message.” (Acts 10:44)

Is Jesus the only person who was called ‘the Son of God’?

The term ‘Son of God’ was not used literally, because in the Bible, God refers to many of His chosen servants as ‘sons’. The Hebrews believed that God is One, and that He has neither wife nor son in any literal sense, so the term ‘Son of God’ meant servant of God. Some of the followers of Jesus who came from a Greek or Roman background misused this term. In their heritage the term ‘Son of God’ signified an incarnation of a god or someone born out of a physical union between a male and a female goddess.

  • Jacob is God’s son and firstborn:

    “Israel is my son, even my firstborn.” (Exodus 4:22)

  • Solomon is God’s son:

    “He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son” (2 Samuel 7:13-14)

  • “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God” (Romans 8:14)

  • “Ye are the children of the Lord your God” (Deuteronomy 14:1)

  • “Adam is the son of God “Adam, which was the son of God.” (Luke 3:38)

“Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was.” (Qur’an 3:59)

we read:

“But when they arrest you, do not worry about what to say or how to say it. At that time, you will be given what to say, for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.” (Matthew 10:19-20)

Muslims believe that Jesus is ‘the Word of God’, but this description does not mean that Jesus is the Son of God in a literal sense but a symbolical one, means that he spoke the word of God. Also when prophets were to speak God’s revelation to others, they would say:

“hear the word of the Lord.” (Jeremiah 7:2, Hosea 4:1)

Was Jesus called ‘Immanuel’ which means (God with us)?

“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.” (Isaiah 7:14)

The prophecy states that his name will be ‘Immanuel’, it does not say that he will be Immanuel. Mary never called her child ‘Immanuel’ as required by the prophecy. According to the Bible, she named him Jesus following instructions by the angel of God.

“but kept her a virgin until she gave birth to a son; and he called His name Jesus.” (Matthew 1:25)

Jesus was never called ‘Immanuel’, and if we assume that this name was meant to be for Jesus, this still does not make him God because according to the Bible, several people were in God’s company. Therefore, Immanuel’s interpretation as ‘God with us’ does not mean that God’s company is exclusive to Jesus only. God is with His prophets and righteous servants every time and everywhere. Here we can see other names linked with God (in the Hebrew forms of El or Yah) belonging to other people. For example:

  • Samuel means: the name of God.
  • Elihu means:  he is my God himself.
  • Isaiah means: the salvation of the Lord.
  • Adbeel means: the miracle of God.
  • Uriel means: light of God.
  • Elijah means: God the Lord, the strong Lord.

The angel informed Mary that ‘the Lord is with you’ before conceiving Jesus, that is to say Mary was in God’s company before conceiving and giving birth to Jesus.

“The angel went to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.’” (Luke 1:28)

God was with His Prophet Joseph.

“Because the patriarchs were jealous of Joseph, they sold him as a slave into Egypt. But God was with him.” (Acts 7-9)

The birth and naming of the child Immanuel when read in context, was a sign for king Ahaz and his people, who were about to be invaded by two rival kingdoms, that God will be with them and give them victory. The name ‘God is with us’, means that God will support us. The meaning of the name is understandable since the child’s name was supposed to indicate to King Ahaz that God was on his side.

“Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz, ‘Ask the Lord your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.’ But Ahaz said, ‘I will not ask; I will not put the Lord to the test.’ Then Isaiah said, ‘Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men?  Will you try the patience of my God also?  Therefore, the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.  He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right.  But before the boy knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right, the land of the two kings you dread will be laid waste.” (Isaiah 7:10-16)

The promise was fulfilled by God, and they were given the victory.

“The king of Assyria complied by attacking Damascus and capturing it.  He deported its inhabitants to Kir and put Rezin to death.” (2 Kings 16:9)

In actual Hebrew (Isaiah 7:14) does not say a virgin would give birth but that a young woman would conceive.  The Hebrew word (almah), used in (Isaiah 7:14) means young woman, not a virgin.  The Hebrew word for virgin is (b’tulah).  The Revised Standard Version Bible is one of the few Christian Bibles that used the translation ‘young woman’ instead of replacing it with the word ‘virgin.’

Symbolic names are frequently used by Hebrews in the Bible.  Many names cannot be taken literally.

  • “In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will live in safety. This is the name by which it will be called: ‘The Lord Our Righteous Savior.’”

  • Jacob was called a piece of land ‘Face of God.’ (Genesis 32:30)

  • “Moses built an altar and called it ‘the Lord is my Banner’” (Exodus 17:15)

  • Bithiah, a daughter of Pharaoh, her name means ‘daughter of Jehovah.’
  • Eliab, his name means ‘My God (is my) father?’
  • “So Abraham called that place The Lord will provide. And to this day it is said, On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided.” (Genesis 22:14)

Jesus confirmed his Prophethood, his submission to God, his servitude to God, and his status as a Human Messenger:

  • “As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things.” (John 8:40)

  • “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations. (Matthew 12:18)

  • “Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his own town, among his relatives and in his own home.” (Mark 6:4)

“Verily! I am a servant of God, He has granted me the Scripture and He has made me a Prophet, and He has made me blessed wherever I may be, and has commanded me to pray and to give alms as long as I live.” (Qur’an 19:30-31)

About the Author:

Faten Sabri (1973-) is a modern Jordanian Muslim thinker. She is well known for her frequent interaction with various cultures, religions and she speaks different languages. She studied comparative religions which made her able to discuss the controversial issues about Islam with the truth seekers and free thinkers.She wrote books about the message of Islam, the original concept of God and Jesus Christ in Islam and she has monthly articles in an international magazines. These books and articles were translated and distributed in more than 9 languages.

You Ask and Jesus Answers (Part I)


tags: ith-a-question / jesus / jesus-answered-i-am / jesus-answers-a-question / jesus-answers-email / jesus-answers-prayer / jesus-answers-the-pharisees / jesus-answers-who-is-my-neighbor / jesus-answers-your-questions / nswers-question-about-marriage-in-heaven / you-ask-and-jesus-answers-part-ii /



title: Prayer Between Christianity and Islam from a Theoretical and Practical Perspective,
content:

The rite of prayer is one of the most important acts of worship brought by heavenly laws. This is confirmed by the final message of Islam as stated in the Qur’an:

“And for all religion We have appointed a rite…”(22:34

"Prayer

the Islamic concept of prayer is more tenable in comparison to the Christian one.

The Holy Qur’an does not give much details of such act worship as regards to previous nations (Jews and Christians). It, however, alludes to its existence in previous laws. God (Allah) ordered Mary to

“be devoutly obedient to your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow [in prayer]” (3:43),

and said about Ishmael (son of Prophet Abraham),

“And mention in the Book, Ishmael. Indeed, he was true to his promise, and he was a messenger and a prophet. And he used to enjoin on his people prayer and zakah and was to his Lord pleasing.” (19: 54- 55),

and says about Jesus son of Mary- peace be upon him-,

“[Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive” (19 / 30-32)

Going through the Bible, one sees a great difference between the Bible’s texts and modern status quo of Christian liturgy as regards to prayer. This article aims at exploring the worship of prayer in the Bible and discussing it in light of the message of Islam.

Prayer is mentioned a lot by the Bible. It is almost mentioned in the context of the supplication to the Lord or asking Him for support:

2 Corinthians 1:11: “as you help us by your prayers. Then many will give thanks on our behalf for the gracious favor granted us in answer to the prayers of many..”.

However, the Islamic concept of prayer is more tenable in comparison to the Christian one. Islam distinguishes between the linguistic concept of prayer in the sense of supplication and prayer as a rite that aims to connect the creature with the Creator. The the Bible mixes between the two. As far the Bible is concerned, we miss the practical rituals of prayer. We only find such general practices that do not give a clear-cut view of such rite.

Biblical texts as regards to prayer show the sharp contrast between them and rituals approved by contemporary churches nowadays. There are some commonalities between the Bible and Islam as regards to the rite of prayer in Islam which are set aside by contemporary churches today:

Jesus prohibits showing-off in the rite of prayer and condemns stressing ritual manifestations of worship at the expense of spiritual aspects: “But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.” (Matthew 6: 6)

In the Bible we see prostration:

1 Timothy 2:8 “Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing.”

Revelation 7: 11 “All the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures. They fell down on their faces before the throne and worshiped God.”

Revelation 14: 7 “He said in a loud voice, “Fear God and give him glory, because the hour of his judgment has come. Worship him who made the heavens, the earth, the sea and the springs of water.”

Revelation 15: 4 “Who will not fear you, Lord, and bring glory to your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous acts have been revealed.”

Revelation 19:4 “The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God, who was seated on the throne. And they cried: “Amen, Hallelujah!”!

1 Corinthians 14:25 “as the secrets of their hearts are laid bare. So they will fall down and worship God, exclaiming, “God is really among you!”.

Matthew 26:39 “Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.”. “

We also see, in prayers, praises for God and invocation for His forgiveness:

Acts 16:25 “About midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God, and the other prisoners were listening to them”.

Worship may, also, be done while standing:

Luke 11:18 “The Pharisee stood by himself and prayed: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like other people–robbers, evildoers, adulterers–or even like this tax collector..

We see both: individual and collective prayers:

Luke 18:10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector..”

Mark 1:35 “Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house and went off to a solitary place, where he prayed.”

One may also go out to prayer:

Acts 16:16: “Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a female slave who had a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her owners by fortune-telling.”

We also read about prayers by day and night:

As for the evening prayer, the Christians performed it before they came to their beds. They thank God for the grace that He bestowed on them during the day:

The Book of Nehemiah: 1-6: “let your ear be attentive and your eyes open to hear the prayer your servant is praying before you day and night for your servants, the people of Israel. I confess the sins we Israelites, including myself and my father’s family, have committed against you…”

Luke 6:12 “One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God.”

Psalm 42: 8 “By day the LORD directs his love, at night his song is with me– a prayer to the God of my life.”

One may raise hands while invoking God in prayer:

Isaiah 1:15 “When you spread out your hands in prayer, I hide my eyes from you; even when you offer many prayers, I am not listening. Your hands are full of blood!.”

In fact, the New Testament requires Christians to follow the law of the Jews in their prayers. In the Bible Jesus is reported:

“When you spread out your hands in prayer, I hide my eyes from you; even when you offer many prayers, I am not listening. Your hands are full of blood! The people were amazed at his teaching, because he taught them as one who had authority, not as the teachers of the law.” (Mark 1:21, 22).

Acts 16:13: “On the Sabbath we went outside the city gate to the river, where we expected to find a place of prayer. We sat down and began to speak to the women who had gathered there..”

Accordingly, why are ecclesiastical rituals of prayer nowadays not following the rituals of prayer as told by the Bible? Why should the prayers have been limited to certain days, and many Protestant churches have become free of their guests, while the book itself urges them to keep on prayers?:

According to the Epistle of Paul to the Colossians 4: 2

“Devote yourselves to prayer, being watchful and thankful..”

Acts 10: 2 “He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously to those in need and prayed to God regularly..”

Churches have focused on the distinction between the prayers by common people and clergymen i.e. monks and priest who were ordered to perform many prayers. The first are required to perform two prayers only, one by day and one by night while monks in monasteries or in seclusion are required to establish seven monastic prayers, citing Paul’s letter to the Corinthians Which says:

“I pray with the Spirit” (1 Corinthians 14:15).

They moreover, claim that Jesus gave them the freedom to recite words of prayer of their own choice, provided they did not renounce the prayer that Jesus Christ taught them.

Did the monks retain the right of legislation in the rite of prayer? It seems that such rite has been influenced by heretic intervention with holy texts, especially at the hand of the ecclesiastical Council of Nicaea, which abolished many of the laws of Christianity for some purposes!

Establishing prayer, Christians neither completely followed the law of the Jews nor strictly followed their scripture. They introduced music in the place of worship while Jesus himself did not do so?. Why did all the prayers have been mixed with songs, which – in some cases – are devoid of meaningful meanings? Why did the Church set one day for this ritual while the Bible is full of texts referring to prayers by day and night?

It is quite strange that the Vatican Council continues to make many changes to the prayer rite throughout the Christian Catholic world. Establishing prayer, most of the Christians perform the following rites:

A priest enters the Church and the audience stands and salute him in a holy manner. He then says “In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. He then makes a dialogue between him and the congregation which revolves around the sanctification of God and praise for him. He then asks God for repentance to erase sins, forgive them through confession, then asks them to make invocation. He makes a Latin invocation and plead with the Lord Christ and the saints. The group says: “O Jesus Christ, have mercy on us”. The prayer is followed by the Lord’s Supper, and it is concluded with a short invocation.

Both the Protestant churches, the Methodist and the Anglican, participate in the Catholic prayer including confession, repentance and forgiveness, the renewal of faith, the confirmation of basic beliefs, praises and glorification, prayer and recitation of the Gospel. The formulation of all the rites vary according to different churches methodologies. There are features by which some churches abide by:

-Not using Latin language in prayer.

-Not using songs in prayer.

-Silence in invocation..

-Deletion of words the declaring  Christ as a god.

Although many churches suggest seven prayers by day and night for Prayers for the Christians not all of the Christian societies abide by them. These include: individual and secret prayers, family prayer in the house, public prayer in the church, the most important of which is the Sunday prayer, where the priest recites some of the psalms-related texts or the Bible. At the end of  each section invocation .

The Islamic religion as the eternal message to humanity came to rectify those matters and put them in their right place. In Islam, prayer is considered one of the most important pillars in which the Qur’an, which contains the stories of early prophets, including Jesus peace be upon him-is recited. Such a rite is not changed anyway as reported from the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) Unlike Christian rituals which have been subject to change and distortion.


tags: 4-types-of-christian-prayer / 4-week / 5-christian-prayers / christian-prayer-406 / christian-prayer-5-times-a-day / christian-prayer-for-4th-of-july / christian-prayer-for-50th-birthday / featured-image / prayer-between-christianity-and-islam-from-a-theoretical-and-practical-perspective / salter-christian-prayer /


Facebook Comments