title: How to Pray Eid Al-Fitr at Home during the Lockdown?,
content:

Eid Al-Fitr is a special occasion for Muslims as it marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. congregational Eid prayers offered shortly after sunrise make it even more of a special occasion. Usually, Muslims gather in huge numbers in big mosques or grounds called Eid Musallahs across the country to offer the Eid prayers, which are led by an Imam.

However, this year, Muslims will have an exceptional Eid experience as they will have to offer Eid prayers at home since mosques were closed for congregational prayers as a precautionary measure against the spread of coronavirus.

For more information of how to pray Eid Al-Fitr at home in the lockdown, watch this interesting talk with Sheikh Muhammad Al-Naqawi.


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title: Offering Eid Prayer at Home Due to the Lockdown: Okay?,
content:

Eid Prayer at Home

Question:

Can we pray Eid at home during the lockdown?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

According to the Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali Schools of Sunni Islamic law, it is permissible, even in regular circumstances, for the one who misses the Eid Prayer at the mosque or musalla to perform it at home, either individually or in congregation – though some Maliki jurists are of the opinion that it must be performed individually. There is no requirement, however, to have the sermon (khutbah) delivered.

Imam An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him), the great Shafi’i jurist, states, “Two views have been transmitted [in the Shafi’i School] on whether the Eid prayer is legislated for a slave, traveller, woman and a person praying alone at home or elsewhere. The reliable and more renowned position is that it is legislated for them.” (Al-Majmu’)

As such, it is permitted f to perform the Eid prayer at home due to the current lockdown and the various mosques/masajid remaining closed for the general public.

For more information watch this interesting talk with Sheikh Assim Al-Hakeem.

_____________________________________

Source: Zad Youtube Channel.


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title: Eid Prayer at Home During the Lockdown,
content:

Eid Prayer at Home During the Lockdown

In the name of Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

What is Eid in Islam?

Muslims celebrate two Eids each year. The Eid day starts by performing a prayer that is one of the most recommended acts to Muslims and they consist of two rakahs and a sermon that reminds them of the Islamic ethics. The first, Eid Al-Fitr, occurs when Muslims have finished fasting the month of Ramadan, while the second, Eid Al-Adha, signals the end of the first 10 days of the lunar month, Dhul-Hijjah.

"Eid

Muslims are encouraged to pray Eid in their homes with their own families

How many Rakahs of Eid Prayer?

Eid Salat (prayer) consists of two rakahs (units of prayer).

Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) went out and offered a two rakahs prayer on the Day of Eid Al-Fitr and did not offer any other prayer before or after it and at that time Bilal was accompanying him. (Al-Bukhari)

Method of Eid Prayer

The first rakah begins, just like all other prayers, by takbirat al-ihram (the first takbeer made by the praying person, and by which he begins the prayer), then by making seven more takbeer, and in the second rakah – five takbeer are made excluding the takbeer of standing back up.

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would say the takbeer (Allah is most great) seven times in the first rakah and five times in the second rakah on the day of the breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice (on the occasion of both the ‘Id prayers, the two festivals). (Abu Dawud)

What is the Ruling of Eid Prayer?

The scholars have three opinions regrading the ruling of Eid Prayer:

Eid Prayer is Sunnah Mu’kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf’i jurisprudence.

It is communal obligation. This is the view of Imam Ahmad.

It is a duty for each Muslim and is obligatory for men; those who do not do it with no excuse are sinning thereby. This is the view of Imam Abu Hanifah, and was also narrated from Imam Ahmad. Among those who favored this view were Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and Ash-Shawkani (may Allah have mercy on them).

What is the Ruling of Offering Eid Payer at Home due to Covid-19?

In light of the masajid being shut down due to the COVID-19 crisis and the upcoming Eid prayers, the Muslims are encouraged to pray Eid in their homes with their own families (or individually in case one is living by oneself), and there is no need for a khuṭbah.

While the general rule is that Eid ṣalat should be prayed in a large congregation, it is permissible even in regular circumstances for the one who missed Eid to make it up at home. Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) once missed the Eid prayer in Basrah, so he gathered his family and had one of his household lead them in two rakahs. And Aṭa’ ibn Abi Rabaḥ (d. 114 AH) said regarding one who missed the Eid prayer, “Let him pray two rakahs and say the takbeer“; as well Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman (d. 120 AH), the famous scholar of Kufa and teacher of Imam Abu Hanifah, said when asked the same question, “He should pray as they prayed, and do the takbeer as they did.” [Muṣannaf of Ibn Abi Shaybah, 2/4-5]. All of these reports are regarding those who missed Eid for any reason.

Given our current situation, we advise families to observe all of the Sunnahs of Eid (of taking a ghusl, eating a breakfast, wearing one’s best garments, saying the general takbeer after Fajr, etc.) and then praying a congregational prayer at home with their own families, with the special takbeer of Eid.

All our four schools of law state that attending the khuṭbah of Eid is not obligatory, nor is the khuṭbah a requirement of the Eid prayer, it is not required to give Khutbah in every home.

How to Pray Eid Salah – step by step?

One can Pray after 15 minutes of sunrise.

Make the intention to perform Eid prayer

– Eid Payer should be in the same manner like Masjid or mosque.

– Eid payer will be two rakahs, the surah should be read out loud. This includes Surat Al-Fatihah (the Opening Chapter) and another short surah.

– In the first rakah, there will be seven takbeer. This includes the opening takbeer to start the prayer, followed by six more, recite surat Al-Fatihah, and then a short surah (Surat Al-`Ala is recommended).

– In the second rakah there will be five takbeer after you get up, followed by reciting surat Al-Fatihah and a short surah (surat Al-Ghashiah is recommended).

– One can raise both hands out for each takbeer.

We would like to wish you and your loved ones Eid Mubarak!


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title: How Many Rakahs in Tarawih Prayer?,
content:

Tarawih Prayer (night prayer in Ramadan) has a great merit in Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever observes night prayer in Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward from Allah, his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Muslim)

The Prophet was the first to establish the Tarawih prayer in congregation at the mosque. However, he discontinued this act for fear that it might be made mandatory on the Muslim nation, and they might not be able to do it.

As for the number of rak`ahs (unites of prayer) of Tarawih, scholars disagreed in this concern. The numbers mentioned for the rak`ahs of Tarawih are: 39, 29, 23, 19, 13, and 11. Of all the numbers mentioned, none is sounder than 11 rak’ahs.

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) was asked, “How was the prayer of the Prophet?” She replied: “He did not pray in Ramadan or other than Ramadan more than eleven rak’ahs.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Follow us on this interesting talk with Sheikh Assim Al-Hakeem who clarifies this controversial issue and showing the Prophet’s guidance in performing Tarawih Prayer.


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title: Praying Taraweeh in Congregation Remotely during the Lockdown: OK?,
content:

Praying Taraweeh in Congregation Remotely during the Lockdown

Question:

Is it permissible to pray Taraweeh or any other obligatory prayer in congregation (Jamaah) remotely (following the TV, mobile or Radio) during the lockdown?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

It is not permissible to follow the imam on TV, mobile, radio or any other set when performing the prayer, whether Taraweeh prayer or other prayers. Instead, one can perform Taraweeh prayer at home by what he/she memorizes of short or long Surah (chapters) from the Qur’an.

It is better for optional prayers to be performed at home, and among these optional prayers is Taraweeh. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “Perform some of your prayers at home and do not make your homes graves.” (Agreed Upon)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) further said: “The best of your prayers is the one performed at home except the obligatory one.”

For more details about Prayer during the lockdown, watch this short talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah.

_____________________________________

Source: Huda Youtube Channel.


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title: Tarawih Prayer: Excellence and Virtues,
content:

Tarawih Prayer

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who observes Tarawih prayer (night prayer during Ramadan) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned..” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Taraweeh prayer is one of the highlighted acts of worship that is offered during the nights of Ramadan after performing the obligatory `Isha’ and before the witr.

Sheikh Ismail Rufai talks in brief about the virtues and excellence of the night prayer in light of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

___________________

Source: Huda TV.


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title: Is Taraweeh Mandatory on Women?,
content:
"Tarawih

Taraweeh can be performed individually at home or at the mosque.

Ramadan is the month of the Qur’an, fasting, and qiyam (prayer at night). Ramadan comes with mercy, forgiveness of sins, patience, spiritual nourishment and hygiene. Fasting in Ramadan is a way to perfect our behavior, sharpen our sense of responsibility and unite our nation.

In his response to a question about performing Taraweeh (night prayer in Ramadan) for women, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:

According to the consensus of Muslim scholars, Taraweeh is not considered mandatory on either men or women. It is only considered a recommended act. There is no evidence that it is an obligatory act of worship. As far as I know, no jurist or imam of Fiqh has expressed such an opinion.

Moreover, Taraweeh can be performed individually at home or at the mosque. If for some reason you cannot go to the mosque, you can offer it at home.

It is reported that the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and other companions would pray Taraweeh at home. Some of them even would open the mushaf (copy of the Qur’an) and read from it while performing Taraweeh.

Based on the above, if you are not able to go to the mosque, you would not be deprived of the reward or blessings if you perform Taraweeh at home.

The prominent Muslim scholar Dr. Muhammad Abu Laylah, professor of the Islamic Studies & Comparative Religions at Al-Azhar Univ., adds:

Taraweeh prayer is recommended and performing it in a Mosque is desirable.

Nevertheless, all Muslims, whether women or men or even children, should attend it at the Masjid because this displays the unity of Muslims and cements their relationships.

Finally, remember that we should honor the month of Ramadan to the utmost of our ability because in this month the Qur’an, which is our light, guide, and legal and spiritual force, was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

________________

Source: onislam.net.


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title: Why Should We Observe Taraweeh Prayer?,
content:

Taraweeh Prayer During Ramadan

Ramadan is coming soon inshallah which means that Muslims are going to fast during the day from dawn to dusk. Ramadan is the most blessed month of the year as it comes with countless virtues and blessings for those who sincerely fast its day and offer prayer to Allah Almighty. Muslims prepare themselves for offering the prayers during the day and the night. In addition to the obligatory five daily prayers, there is special prayer that Muslims offer during the night. These special prayers are called taraweeh in which long portions of the Qura’n are recited. Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the great blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan. 

What is Taraweeh?

"Taraweeh

Offering taraweeh is one of the best ways to gain the greet blessings and feel the spirituality of Ramadan.

Taraweeh is originated from an Arabic word that means to relax and rest. Throughout the month of Ramadan, Muslims line up at night to observe a number of optional rak`ahs and listen to and reflect on the recitation of the Qur’an. Offering taraweeh is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who led the companions in congregation after the time of ishaa’ (Night) prayer for three nights. Since then, this has been a tradition during the nights of Ramadan. Yet, it is not obligatory due to the following hadith narrated by `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her):

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prayed one night in the mosque and people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were many persons. Then on the third or fourth night (many people) gathered there, but the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not come out to them (for leading the taraweeh prayer). When it was morning he said: “I saw what you were doing, but I desisted to come to you (and lead the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might become obligatory for you. (He the narrator) said: It was the month of Ramadan.” (Agreed upon)

How to Offer the Taraweeh Prayer?

It is highly recommended that Muslims should attend the taraweeh prayer in congregation at mosques after `ishaa’ Prayer. It is also preferred for women to attend these prayer at mosque if they could. However, one may also offer the prayers individually at home. Offering taraweeh in congregation at the mosque enhances the feeling of unity among Muslims. 

The proof for the legality of offering taraweeh in congregation is the following hadith,

`Abdu-Rahman ibn `Abdul-Qari said, “I went out in the company of `Umar ibn Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, `Umar said, ‘In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai ibn Ka`b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, `Umar remarked, ‘What an excellent bid`ah (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.’ He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night.” (Al-Bukhari) 

Virtues of the Taraweeh Prayers

There are many virtues and blessing of observing the taraweeh prayers during the month of Ramadan:

1- Taraweeh is one of the best deeds that makes a slave comes close to Allah Almighty and a means for forgiveness of sins.

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to urge (the people) to perform (optional taraweeh) prayer at night during the month of Ramadan. He did not order them or make it obligatory on them. He (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs (optional taraweeh) prayers at night during the month of Ramadan, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah’s reward, will have his past sins forgiven.” (Muslim)

2- Offering Taraweeh is a revival for the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him). 

3- Offering the Taraweeh with the Imam, until he finishes, is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayers (qiyam al-layl).

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever stands with the Imam until he finishes, it is equivalent to spending the whole night in prayer.” (Ibn Majah)

4- The blessed Laylat Al-qadr is observed at the last 10 nights of Ramadan.

Muslim should strive hard in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan as in these last nights is laylat Al-qadr, of which Almighty Allah says:

The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. (Al-Qadr 97:3) 

Observing the night prayer during that night has a greet reward as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever performs Qiyam during Laylat Al-qadr (Night of Decree), with Faith and being hopeful of Allah’s reward, will have his former sins forgiven.” (Agreed Upon).


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title: Making Du`aa’ and Dhikr During Tarawih,
content:
"People

It is recommended to wait for a period (equal to four rak`ahs of prayer) after each four rak`ahs they offer and between the fifth interval and the Witr prayer.

Ramadan is a time when Muslims are required to concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. The whole atmosphere is permeated with religious piety and devotion to Allah. One of the significant features of the month is Tarawih prayer for which Muslims gather every night in the mosque and listen to the recitation of the whole Qur’an during the month. There is nothing wrong if people make du`a’ (supplication) or dhikr (remembrance of Allah) during the intervals between rak`ahs of the Tarawih prayer.

Commenting on this issue, Sheikh `Atiyah Saqr, former head of Al-Azhar Fatwa Committee, states:

There is no proof against making du`a’, dhikr, or reciting the Qur’an in the intervals separating every two or four rak`ahs in Tarawih prayer. This is included in the general command of making dhikr at all times. The fact that the righteous predecessors, through whom legislation reached us, did not do it is not an indication that it is prohibited, not to mention that there is no authentic report from them that it is impermissible.

This interval is similar to the practice of the people of Makkah who used to make tawaf (circumambulation) around the Ka`bah during the intervals, which incited the people of Madinah to perform more than twenty rak`ahs in Tarawih in order to compensate for the tawaf they missed (as they are not in the Holy Mosque).

In fact, it is a way that enable people to know the number of rak`ahs they have offered in addition to getting refreshed. Therefore, there is nothing wrong in it at all, and it does not fall under the heading of bid`ah (innovation). This is because the general texts and rules support this practice and do not go against it.

If this practice is called an innovation, then we would say: This is a good bid`ah, as Caliph `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) stated when he saw all Muslims gathering to pray Tarawih in congregation behind Ubay ibn Ka`b (though they mostly prayed it individually during the Prophet’s lifetime).

In the Egyptian Encyclopedia of Fatwas, it is stated:

It is recommended to wait for a period (equal to four rak`ahs of prayer) after each four rak`ahs they offer and between the fifth interval and the witr prayer. This is the practice of the righteous predecessors since Ubayy ibn Ka`b (may Allah be pleased with him) led Muslims in the Tarawih prayer. Abu Hanifah (may Allah have mercy upon him) stated that this is inferred from the Arabic word Tarawih (from the Arabic root rawah meaning ‘to have a rest’).

What is recommendable is to wait for a while. But there is nothing reported from the righteous predecessors to be said in such intervals. The people of each city can choose between reciting the Qur’an, saying tasbih (the formula subhan Allah), performing four rak`ahs individually, saying la ilaha illa-Allah (there is no god but Allah), takbir (the formula Allahu Akbar), or remain silent while sitting.

In conclusion, it is clear now that it is recommendable for Muslims while performing Tarawih prayer to make pauses between its rak`ahs as a means of refreshment. There is nothing wrong in saying du`a’ or making dhikr, but they have freedom to say dhikr, recite the Qur’an or remain silent.

__________________

Source: onislam.net.


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<hr>

title: How to Pray in Congregation at Home Due to COVID-19?,
content:

Praying in Congregation at Home Due to COVID-19

Prayer is the only pillar which is repeated five times each day, and it is never waved except for a woman experiencing her menstrual period or post-partum bleeding.

It is the one of the most virtuous and most beloved of deeds to Allah as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “…know that the best of your deeds is the prayer, and only a true believer maintains the state of ablution.” (Ahmad)

It is the backbone of Islam, and brings pleasure to the eyes of pious. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The most important of all matters is Islam, its backbone is the prayer, and its highest level is Jihad for the sake of Allah.” (Ahmad)

Prayer is light, proof, and salvation. Abdullah ibn `Amr reported: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever guards his prayers will have light, proof, and salvation on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever does not guard his prayers will not have light, nor proof, nor salvation. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be with Qarun, Pharaoh, Haman, and Ubay ibn Khalaf.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Prayer elevates one’s ranks and expiates sins. Thauban (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, “Perform Salah more often. For every prostration that you perform before Allah will raise your position one degree and will remit one of your sins”. (Muslim)

Salah (prayer) is of the most important of the pillars of the religion and establishing prayer like Allah Almighty and thus His Messenger (peace be upon him) want us to is the best way to get close to the Lord of the Heavens and Earth. This includes establishing the congregational prayer.

The religious authorities and most of the contemporary Muslim Scholars has issued a fatwa to ban prayers and other religious gatherings in mosques. They also say that there is nothing in not attending Jumu`ah Prayer (Friday Prayer) or the five daily prayers at mosques as a measure to curb the spread of the coronavirus. This virus (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly and has become a real threat to people’s lives. It is only the athan (call of prayer) that still goes off. It always ends with a line calling on people to pray at home.

In the meantime, a Muslim should maintain the congregational prayer (salat al-jama`ah) at home with his family. Praying in congregation is one of the most virtuous deeds as it is connected with the most beloved acts to Almighty Allah, which is Salah (Prayer). Praying in congregation is better and greater in reward than praying alone. Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Prayer in congregation is twenty-seven times more meritorious than a Prayer performed individually.” (Agreed Upon)

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) also narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “If people came to know the blessing of calling Adhan and the standing in the first row, they could do nothing but would draw lots to secure these privileges.” (Agreed Upon)

`Uthman ibn `Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) also narrated: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying: “One who performs `Isha’ (Night) prayer in congregation, is as if he has performed Prayer for half of the night. And one who performs the Fajr (Dawn) prayer in congregation, is as if he has performed Prayer the whole night.” (Agreed Upon)

Congregational prayer could be held at Masjid, home or elsewhere with two people, an imam and a follower. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “When the time for prayer comes, give the adhan and iqamah then let the oldest of you two lead you in prayer.” (Al-Bukhari)

A follower should follow the imam in all actions of prayer until the imam concludes the prayer. A follower should take care not to precede the imam, or move with him, or lag behind him.

The way to pray in congregation at home is as follows:

– First of all, one of the adult males should make the iqamah for the prayer.

– If a father prays with his son, he (the son) should stand in line on his father’s right.

– If a father has two sons or more, they should stand in line behind their father (the imam).

– If a man leads his wife in prayer, she should stand behind her husband (the imam).

– If a man leads his son and wife in prayer, the son should stand on his right and the wife stand behind them.

– If a man leads his sons and wife in prayer, his sons should stand in one line behind him and the wife stand in line behind them.

– If a man has sons, a daughters and a wife, the sons should stand in one line behind the father, the daughter and the wife should stand in one line behind the sons.

 Whoever used to maintain offering the daily prayers and the Jumu`ah (Friday Prayer) in congregation at the mosque, but the current circumstances prevented him from going to the masjid, he will get the whole reward even if he offers them at home. It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “When a slave of Allah suffers from illness or sets on a journey, he is credited with the equal of whatever good works he used to do when he was healthy or at home”. (Al-Bukhari)


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