title: Signs of Muhammad’s Prophethood,
By Shaykh `Abdur-Rahman `Abdul-Khaliq
Muhammad ibn `Abdullah is the final Messenger of Allah to all inhabitants of the earth. The proofs signs that show the truthfulness of the Prophet Muhammad and his genuineness are abundant. And the clear evidences that verify his Prophethood are countless. Some of them have been presented in following lines:
Among these proofs:
1. It is also amongst the signs of the truth that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was unlettered, unable to read or write, and remained so till his death. Among all his people, he was known as being truthful and trustworthy. Before receiving revelation, he had no prior knowledge of religion or any previously sent Message. He remained like that for his first forty years. Then revelation came to The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) with the Glorious Qur’an that we now have between our hands. This Glorious Qur’an mentioned most of the accounts found in the previous scriptures, telling us about these events in the greatest detail as if he witnessed them. These accounts were mentioned before in the Torah and the. Neither the Jews nor Christians were able to belie him regarding anything that he said.
2. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also foretold of everything that would occur to him and his community after him, pertaining to victory, the removal of the tyrannical kingdom of Khosrau [the royal title for the Zoroastrian kings of Persia] and Caesar, and the establishment of the religion of Islam throughout the earth. These events occurred exactly as the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) foretold, as if he was reading the future from an open book.
3. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also brought an Arabic Qur’an that is the peak of eloquence and clarity. The Glorious Qur’an challenged those eloquent and fluent Arabs of his time, who initially belied him, to bring forth a single chapter like one of the many chapters of the Glorious Qur’an. The eloquent Arabs of his day were unable to contest this Glorious Qur’an.
Indeed, till our day, none has ever dared to claim that he has been able to compose words that equal, or even approach, the order, grace, beauty, and splendor of this Glorious Qur’an.
4. The life history of this Noble Prophet (peace be upon him) was a perfect example of an upright, merciful, compassionate, truthful, brave, generous, distant from all evil character, and ascetic in all worldly matters, while striving solely for the reward of the Hereafter. Moreover, in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of Allah.
5. Allah instilled great love for the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the hearts of all who believed in and met him. This love reached such a degree that any of his companions would willingly sacrifice his (or her) self, mother or father for him.
Till today, those who believe in the Prophet Muhammad honor and love him. Anyone of those who believe in him would ransom his own family and wealth to see him, even if but once.
6. The history has not preserved the biography of any person in the manner it has preserved the life of the Prophet Muhammad, who is the most influential person in human history.
Nor has the entire earth known of anyone who is in the thought of a Muslim every morning and evening, and many times throughout the day. Upon remembering the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the believers in him will greet him and ask Allah to bless him. They do such with full hearts and true love for him.
7. Nor has there ever been a man on earth who is still followed in all his doings by those who believe in him.
Those who believe in the Prophet Muhammad sleep in the manner he slept; purify themselves (through ablution and ritual washing) in the manner he purified himself; and adhere to his practice in the way they eat, drink, and clothe themselves.
Indeed in all aspects of their lives, the believers in the Prophet Muhammad adhere to the teachings he spread among them and the path that he traveled upon during his life.
During every generation, from his day till our time, the believers in this Noble Prophet have fully adhered to his teachings. With some, this has reached the degree that they desire to follow and adhere to the Prophet’s way in all matters and steps.
Those who believe in the Prophet Muhammad repeat those praises of Allah, special prayers, and invocations that he would say during each of his actions during day and night, like: what he would say when he greeted people, upon entering and leaving the house, entering and leaving the mosque, entering and leaving the bathroom, going to sleep and awaking from sleep, observing the new crescent, observing the new fruit on trees, eating, drinking, dressing, riding, traveling and returning from travel, etc.
Those who believe in the Prophet Muhammad fully perform, even to the minute detail, every act of worship, like prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage, as this Noble Messenger (peace be upon him) taught and as he himself performed.
All of this allows those who believe in him, to live their lives in all aspects with this Noble Messenger as their example, as if he was standing before them, for them to follow in all their doings.
8. There has never been a man anywhere upon this earth who has received such love, respect, honor, and obedience in all matters, small and large alike, as has this Noble Prophet.
9. Since his time, in every region of the earth and during every period, the Noble Prophet has been followed by individuals from all races, colors and peoples. Many of those who followed him were previously Christians, Jews, pagans, idolaters, or without any religion. Among those who chose to follow him, were those who were known for their sound judgment, wisdom, reflection, and foresight. They chose to follow the Noble Prophet after they witnessed the signs of his truthfulness and the evidence of his miracles. They did not choose to follow the Prophet Muhammad out of compulsion or coercion or because they had adopted the ways of their fathers and mothers.
Indeed many of the followers of the Prophet (peace be upon him), chose to follow him during the time when Islam was weak, when there were few Muslims, and when there was severe persecution on his followers. Most people who have followed the Prophet (peace be upon him) have done so not to acquire some material benefits. Indeed many of his followers have suffered the greatest forms of harm and persecution as a result of following the Prophet. Despite all this harm and persecution, this did not turn them back from his religion.
This clearly indicates for anyone possessing any sense, that the Prophet was truly and really Allah’s Messenger and that he was not just a man who claimed Prophethood or spoke about Allah without knowledge.
The Prophet Muhammad described Allah (glory be to Him) with qualities of complete perfection, and in a manner that is free of ascribing to Him any imperfection. Neither the philosophers nor the wise could ever describe Allah with such description. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a person that possesses such complete ability, knowledge, and greatness; who has subdued the creation and who has encompassed everything in the universe, small or large; and who possesses such perfect mercy.
Nor it is in the ability of human being to place a perfect law based upon justice, equality, mercy and objectivity for all human activity on earth like the laws that Muhammad brought for all spheres of human activity, such as buying and selling, marriage and divorce, renting, testimony, custody, and all other contracts that are necessary to maintain life and civilization on earth.
11. It is impossible that any person conceive wisdom, morals, good manners and nobleness of characters as the Honorable Prophet (peace be upon him) brought.
In a full and complete manner, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) spread a teaching regarding character and manners toward one’ parents, relatives, fiends, family, humanity, animals, plants and inanimate objects. It is impossible for the human mind alone to grasp all of that teaching or come with a similar teaching.
All of that unequivocally indicates that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) did not bring this religion from his own, it was rather a teaching and inspiration that he received from the One Who Created the earth and the high heavens above and created this universe in its miraculous architecture and perfection. For more detail on this subject, please, click here.
12. The legal and creedal structure of the religion that was brought by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) resembles the engineering of the heavens and the earth. All of that indicates that He who created the heavens and the earth is the One Who sent down this great law and straight religion.
The degree of inimitability of the Divine law that was sent down upon Muhammad is to the same degree of inimitability of the Divine creation of the heavens and earth. For just as humanity cannot create this universe, in the same manner humanity cannot bring forth a law like Allah’s Law that He sent down upon His servant and messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Source: Taken from www.sultan.org with modifications.
tags: al-madinah / astha / avtar / belief / bhagat / hindi / hindu / hindu-scriptures / hinduism / hindus / incarnation / india / islam / kalki-avtar / last-prophet / makkah / messenger / muhammad / muslims / parmatma / parmeshwar / prophecy / quran / signs-of-muhammads-prophethood / vishnu /
title: A Brief Biography of Prophet Muhammad,
The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad:
Muhammad, son of `Abdullah, was born in Mecca, in the year of Elephant Event,* on Monday morning, the 12th Rabi` Al-Awwal, 570 A.D.1 `Abdullah means slave of God. His mother was ‘Aminah, daughter of Wahab the chief of his tribe Banu Zahrah. ‘Aminah was the noblest woman in Quraysh. `Aminah in Arabic refers to peace and security.2 During her pregnancy with Prophet Muhammad, she saw and felt many blessings and extraordinary incidents and miraculous happenings that assured her the uniqueness of her expected child.3
`Abdullah, father of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be up on him), died before his birth. After his birth, he was named Muhammad, which is an Arabic word that means the highly praised one. As well as, amongst his names was Ahmad, which is a superlative form of the Arabic root word ‘Hamd’ (praise). It also means “the highly praised one”.4
On the seventh day of his birth, a feast of `Aqiqah was held in his home by his grandfather and dignitaries of Quraysh were invited on this auspicious occasion. When they asked `Abdul Muttalib: “What have you named him?” He answered: “Muhammad”.5
Many miraculous events accompanied the birth of the Prophet Muhammad and his childhood as was mentioned by most of the historians. In the night therein Prophet Muhammad was conceived by his mother, all the idols of Mecca were thrown down on the ground. And when Prophet Muhammad was born the palace of Kisra (King of Persia) trembled and its fourteen chandeliers fell down. The flames of the fire-worshippers were extinguished for the first time, though that fire had been burning for more than a thousand years.6
In fact, those miraculous events were indications and signs that denoted that humanity was going to see unlimited mercy of Allah through Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his sublime message.
It was a custom among the rich and noble families of Quraysh to send their infants to the Bedouin tribes whose women visited Mecca twice a year to get infants to foster them and suckle them on their breasts. A few days after the birth of the Prophet Muhammad, according to this custom he was given to Halimah Al-Sa`diyah. As soon as Halimah took the Prophet Muhammad, the blessings started coming down on her and her family, even her neighbors and relatives were blessed by the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad. Her donkey that she was returning on became more energetic and lively while it was weak and tired when she rode it to Mecca. When she reached her tent the she-camels, goats and sheep became full of milk, the days of drought and famine came to end and the rain was profuse everywhere and the arid land turned into green lawns. Not only this but the entire life of Halimah was changed, her poverty was changed into a fortune, her sorrow was transformed into a pleasure.6
Thus she fostered him for a few years then she brought him back to Mecca, but as an epidemic was spreading in the city of Mecca at that time, Prophet Muhammad was sent back to the desert where he lived for about six years.7
It was the practice of the nobles of Mecca to get their babies fostered in the tribes of desert so that their child’s physical structure could grow sounder. And they would able to learn the purest and most classical Arabic language, since they avoided the multi-cultural conditions of Mecca, which was usually crowded with different tribes, especially during the season of pilgrimage. The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself told his companions: “I am the most perfect Arab of you all. I am of Quraysh, and I was suckled and brought up among the tribe of Banu Sa`d ibn Bakr.”8
When Prophet Muhammad was six years old, his mother ‘Amnah took him to Al-Madinah where she lived for about a month. On her way back to Mecca on reaching a village by the name of Al-Abwa’, she breathed her last and was buried there.9
`Abdul Muttalib now took the young orphan in his charge and always kept Muhammad with him. But `Abdul Muttalib also died when Prophet Muhammad was about eight years old.10
Muhammad felt his grandfather `Abdul Muttalib’s death grievously. Before his death, `Abdul Muttalib left Muhammad to the care of his son, Muhammad’s uncle, Abu Talib. `Abdul Muttalib had ten sons. Abu Talib was full brother of `Abdullah, father of Prophet Muhammad and loved Prophet Muhammad as he loved his own children. Later, when Prophet Muhammad was persecuted by the people of Mecca, this good and kindly uncle often served as a shield to his beloved nephew who had been subjected to different types of aggressions by his opponents.
At about the age of 10 or 12, Prophet Muhammad herded goats for some time. Unlike India, this was not held in disrepute by the Arabs, and was generally followed by the noble and rich families of Quraysh.
The scholars say that the wisdom behind herding the sheep and goat before the prophecy is to make the Prophets patient with their nation, because herding sheep needs patience and tolerance. Furthermore, it teaches how to save the goats and sheep from beasts. Thus they were prepared for their great mission of saving their nation from destruction.11
His Journey to Syria:
At the age of 12, Prophet Muhammad accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on the mercantile expedition to Syria. It was on this journey that he met the Christian Monk Bahira, who, on seeing Prophet Muhammad, said that he recognized in that young boy the future Prophet whose advent had been prophesied by the prophets that had preceded him.12
On several occasions, he had accompanied his uncle to Syria on business; he had gained reputation for honesty and fair dealing. He had kept his accounts clear, fulfilled his promises and had come to be known as a trustworthy, truthful and faithful person. People readily trusted their wares to his care and he undertook the responsibly on the usual consideration of sharing the profits.13
He had now attained the age of 25 and had taken his share in the public affairs of his time and had established creditable business relations. His fame for honesty and trustworthiness attracted the notice of a rich widow of Mecca named Khadijah. She was extremely rich and was known for her gentle nature and spotless character. She was aged 40 and had two sons and a daughter from her previous husband. Khadijah invited Prophet Muhammad to take her merchandise to Syria promising to pay him twice as much as she paid to anyone else. He accepted the terms. Three months after his return from this journey, she expressed that she wished to marry him. Prophet Muhammad gave his consent and the marriage was duly celebrated in the presence of his uncle and the elders of his family.
It is noteworthy that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) never offered any worship to any idol, nor did he ever join any rites pertaining to the worship of any idol, or in any celebrations held in honor of any deity. He refused to partake of feasts of sacrifices offered to the idols. Indeed Allah had meant him for some higher purposes. The future Prophet of Islam could not step down below his level, and he who later divulged the profound secrets of Godhead, established true principles of an eternal religion, taught the simple ways of a beautiful morality, stood high above the crowd of men who lived the life of beasts.14
When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was in his forty, he often retired to a cave called Hira’, about three miles distant from Mecca, where he used to spend months in contemplation and prayer. Thus he (peace be upon him) was ready to bear the full weight of the message which had to be revealed to the world through him. Till at last, one fine morning, he met an angel who told him to “Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists).” (Al-`Alaq 96:1)
[*] The year wherein the Abyssinian king had attacked Ka`bah, however, the Ka`bah remained unharmed and the attackers were destroyed by Allah Almighty.
 Abul-Hasan An-Nadwi, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyah, Volume1, 12th ed. (Damascus; Dar Ibn Kathirm, 1425 A.H), p. 157.
 Some Hindu scriptures had predicted the manifestation of a prophet namely ‘Kalki Avtar’ the last Messenger of Allah. In the ‘sacred’ book of Hindus the father’s name of ‘Kalki Avtar’ is mentioned as ‘Vishnu Bhagat’ and his mother’s name as ‘Somanib’, in Sanskrit, ‘Vishnu’ stands for Allah (Glory be to Him) and the literal meaning of ‘Bhagat’ is slave. ‘Vishnu Bhagat’ therefore, in the Arabic language will mean Allah’s slave or `Abdullah. While ‘Somanib’ in Sanskrit means peace and tranquility which in Arabic is denoted by the word ‘Aminah the mother of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). (See. Q.S. Khan, Kalki Avtar and Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, Urdu translation by Sayyid Anisuddin, Mumbai: Harmony and Welfare Publication, p. 4.
 The Vedas have prophesied about the coming of a sage whose name will be Narashangsa that indicates a person whose very name means ‘The Praised’. The Arabic word Muhammad means ‘The Praised’. (See. Q.S. Khan, Muhammad Sahab and Holy Narashansa, Mumbai: Harmony and Welfare Publication, p. 1.
 Ibn Kathir, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah, edited by Mustafa `Abdul Wahid, Volume 1 (Beirut: Dar al-Ma`arifah, 1976) p. 210.
 Ibid., p. 227.
 Abul-Hasan An-Nadwi, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah, Volume 1, 12th ed. (Damascus: Dar Ibn Kathir, 1425), p. 158.
 Shafi Ahmad, Prophet Muhammad (India: G.A. Natesan and Co. Madras) p. 10.
 Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyah, ed. Mustafa As-Saqa, volume 1, (Cairo: Mustafa Albabi Al-Halabi, 1955), p. 167
 Ibn Kathir, As-Sirah An-Nabawiah, p. 241.
 Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar, Fath al–Bari, (Dar Ar-Rayyan, 1986) p. 516.
 Shafi Ahmad, Prophet Muhammad, p. 10.
tags: angel / avtar / god / haleemah / hinduism / hindus / hinid / incarnation / indian / islam / kabah / kalki / khadijah / lord / madinah / mecca / messenger / milad / miladunnabi / monotheism / muhammad / muslims / paigambar / polygamy / prophet / quran / rabeea / rasool / sadiyah / seerah /
title: Prophet Muhammad: A Diamond in the Heap of Stones,
By Abul A`ala Al-Mawdudi
We may now look at the life and work of this noble man in the context not only of the Arabian society but also of the entire world as it stood in that period. He is totally different from the people among whom he is born and passes his youth and early manhood and attains finally his full stature.
Even his worst enemies never accuse him of telling a lie. He never uses obscene and abusive language. He has a charming personality and winning manners with which he captivates the hearts of those who come into contact with him. In his dealings with people he always follows the principles of justice and fair play. He remains engaged in trade and commerce for 38 years, but he never enters into any dishonest transaction.
Those who deal with him in business have full confidence in his integrity. The entire nation calls him Al-Amin (the Truthful and the Trustworthy). Even his enemies deposit their valuable belongings with him for safe custody. He is the embodiment of modesty in the midst of a society which is immodest to the core. Born and bred among a people who regard drunkenness and gambling as virtues, he never touches alcohol and never indulges in gambling. His people are uncouth, uncultured and unclean, but he personifies the highest culture and the most refined aesthetic outlook.
Surrounded on all sides by cruelty, he himself has a heart overflowing with the honey of human kindness. He helps orphans and widows. He is hospitable to travelers. He harms no one; rather, he suffers hardships for others’ sakes. Living among those for whom war is bread and butter, he is such a lover of peace that his heart melts for them when they take up arms and cut each other’s throats. He stays aloof from the feuds of his tribe, intervening only to bring about reconciliation.
Brought up in an idolatrous race, he regards nothing in the heavens and the earth worth worshipping except the One True Allah. He does not bow before any created thing and does not partake of the offerings made to idols, even in his childhood. Instinctively he hates all worship of any creature and being except Allah. In brief, the towering and radiant personality of this man, in the midst of such a benighted and dark environment, may be likened to a beacon-light illumining a pitch-dark night or to a diamond shining in a heap of dead stones.
The Divine Teachings of the Prophet Muhammad
After spending a great part of his life in such a pure and civilized manner there comes a revolution in his being. He has had enough of the darkness and ignorance around him. He wants to swim clear of the horrible sea of corruption, immorality, idolatry and disorder which surround him. He finds society out of harmony with his soul. He withdraws alone to the hills, spending days and nights in total seclusion and meditation. He fasts so that his soul and his heart may become still purer and nobler.
He muses and ponders deeply. He is in search of a light to melt away the encompassing darkness. He wants the power to bring about the downfall of the corrupt and disorderly world of his day and lay the foundations of a new and better world. Suddenly his heart is illuminated with the Divine Light giving him the power he has yearned for. He comes out of the confinement of his cave, goes to the people, and addresses them thus: “The idols which you worship are a sham. Stop worshipping them from now on. No mortal being, no star, no tree, no stone, no spirit is worthy of human worship. Therefore bow not your heads in worship before them. The entire universe with everything that it contains belongs to Allah Almighty. He Alone is the Creator, the Nourisher, the Sustainer and, consequently, the real Sovereign before Whom all should bow down and to Whom all should pray and render obedience. Thus worship Him alone and obey only His commands. “Loot and plunder, murder and rapine, injustice and cruelty — all the vices in which you indulge — are crimes in the eyes of Allah. Leave your evil ways. He hates them all. Speak the truth. Be just. Do not kill anyone. Do not rob anyone. Take your lawful share. Give what is due to others in a just manner. “You are human beings and all human beings are equal in the eyes of Allah. None is born with the slur of shame on his face; nor has anyone come into the world with the mantle of honor hung around his neck. He alone is high and honored who is God fearing and pious, true in words and deed. Distinctions of birth and race are no criteria of greatness and honor. One who fears Allah and does good deeds is the noblest of human beings. One who does not love Allah and is steeped in bad ways is doomed. ‘There is an appointed day after your death when you shall have to appear before your Lord. You shall be called to account for all your deeds, good or bad, and you shall not be able then to hide anything. The whole record of your life shall be an open book to Him. Your fate shall be determined by your good or bad actions. In the court of the True Judge — the Omniscient Allah — the question of unfair recommendation and favoritism does not arise. You will not be able to bribe Him. No consideration will be given to your pedigree or parentage.
True faith and good deeds alone will stand you in good stead at that time. He who has them shall take his abode in the Heaven of eternal happiness, while he who is devoid of them shall be cast in the fire of Hell.” This is the message with which he comes. The ignorant nation turns against him. Abuse and stones are showered on his august person. Every conceivable torture and cruelty is perpetrated on him; and this continues not for a day or two but uninterruptedly for thirteen long, troubled years. At last he is exiled. But he is not given respite even there. He is tormented in various ways in his place of refuge. The whole of Arabia is incited against him. He is persecuted and hounded continuously for fully eight years there. He suffers it all, but does not budge from the stand he has taken. He is resolute, firm and inflexible in his purpose.
Why All that Enmity?
One might ask: how is it that his nation became his bitter enemy? Was there any dispute about gold and silver or other worldly possessions? Was it due to any blood-feud? Did he ask for anything from them? No! The whole enmity was based on the fact that he had asked them to worship the One True Allah and to lead lives of righteousness, piety and goodness. He had preached against idolatry and the worship of other beings besides Allah, and had denounced their way of life. He had cut at the roots of priest-craft. He had inveighed against all distinctions of high and low between human beings, and had condemned the prejudices of tribe and race as sheer ignorance; and he wanted to change the whole structure of society which had been handed down to them from time immemorial. In their turn, his countrymen told him that the principles of his mission were hostile to their ancestral traditions and asked him either to give them up or to bear the worst consequences.
Why Prophet Muhammad Tolerated the Tyrannies of His People?
Why did he suffer all those hardships? His nation offered to accept him as their king and to lay all the riches of the land at his feet if only he would stop preaching his religion and spreading his message. But he chose instead to refuse the tempting offers and to suffer for his cause. Why? What had he to gain, if those people became pious and righteous? Why was it that he cared nothing for riches and luxury, kingship and glory, and ease and plenty? One has to ponder these questions deeply to find the answer. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had to face tempests of adversity in the cause of truth. He faced all the opposition and oppression with a smile. He stood firm, undeterred by criticism and coercion.
When the natives saw that the threats failed to frighten him and the severest tribulations heaped upon his person and his followers could not make them budge, they played another trick – but that too was destined to fail! A deputation of the leading Quraish called upon the Noble Prophet and tried to bribe him by offering all the worldly glory they could imagine. They said: “If you want to possess wealth, we will amass for you as much as you wish; if you aspire to win honor and power we are prepared to swear allegiance to you as our overlord and king; if you have a fancy for beauty, you shall have the hand of the most beautiful maiden of your choice.”
But they wanted him to abandon his mission. The terms were extremely tempting for any human mortal. But they had no significance for the Great Prophet. His reply fell like a bombshell upon the deputation: “Pray! I want neither wealth nor power. I have been commissioned by Allah to warn mankind. I deliver His message to you. Should you accept it, you shall have joy in this life and eternal bliss in the life hereafter; should you reject it, surely Allah will decide between you and me.”
On another occasion, he said to his uncle, who, under pressure from the leaders of Arabia, was trying to persuade him to abandon his mission: “O Uncle! Should they place the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left in order to make me renounce this mission, it would not be so. I will never give it up till it should please Allah to make it a triumph or I perish in the attempt.”
This was the character of the Prophet of Islam!
Can anyone imagine a higher example of self-sacrifice, fellow-feeling and humanity than that a man may ruin his own happiness for the good of others, while those very people for whose betterment he is striving should stone him, abuse him, banish him and harass him even in his exile, and that, in spite of all this, he should continue striving for their well-being? Can anyone who is insincere undergo so much suffering for a false cause? Can anyone who is dishonest exhibit such determination to stick to his guns in the face of dangers and tortures of every description when a whole country rises up in arms against him? The faith, perseverance and resolution with which he led his movement to ultimate success are eloquent proof of the supreme truth of his cause. Had there been the slightest doubt and uncertainty in his heart, he could never have been able to brave the storm, which continued unabated for twenty-one long years.
In fact, he (peace be upon him) was ordered by his Lord to deliver His message to mankind, he never was moved by any earthly desires, that is why he never turned to anything except saving humankind from the abyss of the destruction.
Source: Taken from Toward Understanding Islam by Abul A`ala Al-Mawdudi with modifications.
tags: al-madinah / astha / avtar / belief / bhagat / featured / hindi / hindu / hindu-scriptures / hinduism / hindus / incarnation / india / islam / kalki-avtar / last-prophet / makkah / messenger / muhammad / muslims / parmatma / parmeshwar / prophecy / prophet-muhammad / prophethood / quran / vishnu /
title: The Finality of Prophethood,
By Abul A`ala Al-Mawdudi
The advent of a prophet is not an everyday occurrence. Nor is the presence in person of the Prophet essential for every land, people and period. The life and teachings of the Prophet are the beacon to guide people to the right path, and as long as his teachings and his guidance are alive he is, as it were, himself alive. The real death of a Prophet consists not in his physical demise but in the ending of the influence of his teachings. The earlier Prophets have died because their followers have adulterated their teachings, distorted their instructions, and besmirched their life- examples by attaching fictitious events to them.
Not one of the earlier books — Torah, Zabur (Psalms of David), Injeel (Gospel of Jesus), for example — exists today in its original text and even the adherents of these books confess that they do not possess the original books. The life-histories of the earlier Prophets have been so mixed up with fiction that an accurate and authentic account of their lives has become impossible. Their lives have become tales and legends and no trustworthy record is available anywhere.
It cannot even be said with certainty when and where a certain Prophet was born, how he lived and what code of morality he gave to mankind. Thus, the real death of a Prophet consists in the death of his teachings. By this criterion no-one can deny that Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his teachings are alive. His teachings stand uncorrupted and are incorruptible. The Qur’an —the book he gave to mankind — exists in its original text, without a word, syllable or even letter having been changed.
The entire account of his life — his sayings, instructions and actions is preserved with complete accuracy. It is as though it all happened yesterday rather than thirteen centuries ago. The biography of no other human being is as detailed as that of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him). In everything affecting our lives we can seek the guidance of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the example of his life. That is why there is no need of any other Prophet after Muhammad, the last Prophet (peace be upon him).
Furthermore, there are three conditions, which necessitate the advent of a new Prophet over and above the need to replace a deceased Prophet. These may be summed up as follows:
1. That the teachings of the earlier Prophets have been distorted or corrupted or they have died and their revival is needed.
2. That the teachings of the Prophet who has passed away were incomplete and it is necessary to amend them, improve on them or add something to them.
3. That the earlier Prophet was raised for a particular nation or territory and a Prophet for another nation, people of country is required.
None of these conditions exist today. The teachings of the last Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are alive, have been fully preserved and made immortal. The guidance he has shown unto mankind is complete and flawless, and is enshrined in the Glorious Qur’an. All the sources of Islam are fully intact and each and every instruction or action of the Prophet can be ascertained without the least shadow of doubt.
Secondly, God has completed His revealed guidance through the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and Islam is a complete religion for mankind. Allah has said that: “Today I have perfected your Faith — religion — for you, and have completed My bounty upon you.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:3) and a thorough study of Islam as a complete way of life proves the truth of these Qur ’anic words. Islam gives guidance for life in this world and in the hereafter and nothing essential for human guidance has been left out. There is no ground for new prophethood on the plea of imperfection.
Some people say that the passage of time itself is a sufficient ground for the need of new guidance, and a religion which was revealed some thirteen centuries ago must necessarily grow obsolete and become a thing of the past. The objection is totally unfounded. The reasons may be briefly stated as follows:
(a) Islam’s teachings are eternal, because they have been revealed by Allah Who knows all the past, present and future and Who Himself is eternal. It is the human knowledge that is limited. It is the human eye which cannot see into the dim vista of the future, not God Whose knowledge is above all the limitations of time and space.
(b) Islam is based on human nature, and the nature of man has remained the same in all times and epochs. All men are cast in the moulds of the earliest men and fundamental human nature remains unchanged.
(c) In human life there is a beautiful balance between permanence and change.
Neither is everything permanent, nor is everything changeable. The fundamental principles, the basic values, do not invite change. It is the outward forms which change with the passage of time and which are changed while keeping in view certain principles which are to be observed. And Islam has catered for the needs of both permanence and change. The Qur’an and the Sunnah propounded the eternal principles of Islam, while through Ijtihad they are applied to every age according to its own needs. Islam is the only religion which has established machinery for the perennial evolution of human society in accordance with the fundamental principles and permanent values of life.
(d) Scientifically, the human race is living in the age which was inaugurated by the advent of man on earth and no fundamental evolutionary change has occurred in this phase of existence. Civilizations have arisen and died, cultures have grown and withered, empires have emerged and disintegrated, but the age in the great chain of cosmic evolution remains the same. Therefore the view that guidance given some centuries back automatically becomes obsolete with the passage of time is unfounded and superficial.
messenger of truth for the whole of mankind. The Qur’an has commanded Muhammad (peace be upon him) to declare: “O mankind, I am Allah’s Messenger to all of you.” He has been described as “a blessing for all (the people of) the world.” and his approach has been universal and human. That is why after him there remains no need for new prophethood and he has been described by the Qur’an as Khatam-an-Nabiyyin (the last of the chain of the true Prophets.) The only source, therefore, for the knowledge of God and His Way is Muhammad (peace be upon him). We can know of Islam only through his teachings which are so complete and so comprehensive that they can guide men through all ages to come. The world does not need a new prophet; it needs only such people as have full faith in Muhammad (peace be upon him), to become the standard-bearers of his message, propagate it throughout the world, and endeavor to establish the culture which Muhammad (peace upon him) gave to man. The world needs such men of character as can translate his teachings into practice and establish a society which is governed by Divine Law, whose supremacy Muhammad (peace be upon him) came to establish.
This is the mission of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and on its success hinges the success of Man.
Source: Taken from Toward Understanding Islam by Abul A`ala Al-Mawdudi with modifications.
tags: al-madinah / astha / avtar / belief / hindi / hindu / hindu-scriptures / hinduism / hindus / incarnation / india / islam / kalki-avtar / last-prophet / makkah / messenger / muhammad / muslims / parmatma / parmeshwar / prophecy / prophethood / quran / vishnu /
title: Wisdom behind the Prophet’s Multiple Marriages,
Historical accounts have confirmed that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married more than four women.
The prophet’s first wife was Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her), a wealthy woman in Mecca. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) married her, he was 25 years old and she was about 40 years old. She had been married three times previously. And it was the first marriage of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and be upon him), if he would have married for natural desires or lusts he would have selected a beautiful young virgin of Mecca rather than a widow fifteen years his senior. When she died during the eighth year of his prophethood he remained single for about five years and brought up his children by himself. All of his later marriages began when he was 53 years old when his Da`wah activities were at their peak and he was absolutely absorbed in his preaching tasks. After these clear evidences, how can a fair-minded scholar claim that he was self-indulgent?
In addition, the early biography of the Prophet’s life shows that he was pure in all aspects of life. It is not possible to imagine that he got married for natural desires. If there was any carnal desire behind his marriages, it is not logical to prefer widows or divorcees. The only virgin among his wives was ‘A’ishah, the daughter of the first Caliph of Islam. He married more than one for noble humanistic purposes and sublime goals. Every one of them played an eminent role in the propagation of his teachings among the Muslim women.
‘A’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrates that a woman came to the Prophet (peace be up on him) and questioned about bathing after menses. The Prophet (peace be upon him) explained, saying: “Clean it with a perfumed piece of cotton!” She asked, “How shall I clean it?” Then he said again: “Clean with it!” Still the woman could not understand well, and she asked again: “How to clean?” Then the Prophet (peace be up on him) said: “Glory be to Allah! Clean with it.” He was a very modest person; he could not explain directly.
`A’ishah stated: “Then I pulled her towards me and explained for her: “Wipe with it the marks of the blood thoroughly!”(1)
Furthermore, he was only to obey Allah’s Orders, every moment of his life was practical translation of Allah‘s Commands and Instructions. Allah (Glorified be He) says about him:
Say, “I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord.” (Al-A`araf 7:203)
How can we raise such doubts while we are talking about a man who was able to live as the kings even though he (peace be upon him) preferred a lifestyle of the poor. Then How you claim that he (peace be upon him) was governed by carnal desires?
The Prophet (peace be upon him) was a man who chose the life of subsistence and contentment willingly, although he was able to provided the demands of his pure wives, and he had the facility to give them a luxurious life which was easy for him, then how can you claim that he was governed by his carnal desires?
Prophet and his Opponent’s Testimony
Why all these illusions after 1400 years, while he was known before his marriage and after his marriage with chastity? Why these suspicions now while he was a symbol of purity, honesty, truthfulness and all kinds of good qualities? He was more popular with the word “the Honest” “the Truthful” than his original name. People used to point to him as “the Just” and “the Rightful”. It was the Quraysh and the people of Mecca who trusted in his words and deeds fully before he declared his prophethood. And when they became his bitter enemy after the declaration of the prophethood, they never accused him of polygamy, although they were very eager to find any flaw in his character. This denotes that it never was a point of weakness in his personality, rather they were confident that it is a sort of perfection and a kind of philanthropy, as he cared for the widows, divorcee, helpless and needy through these marriages. If it was any sort of flaw, they would have been the first to raise such questions, but it never happened.
Suppose a man who is pure devotee of Allah and true worshiper and ascetic who spends his whole time serving the poor and needy, and has no desire to collect the world and the pleasures of this world and whose life is dedicated for the service of the people, and then if he marries more than one wife, surely such person would be away from such suspicions. Then, why such doubts are raised about the polygamy of the seal of the Prophets and Messengers, who was unique, matchless and perfect in every good quality?
I think if the critic looked at his own character, do you remember! How many sanctities have been violated by you? How much trusts have been breached by you? How many sins were committed by you intentionally or unintentionally? How much people were hurt by your words, deeds and actions? If the critic will account his own character, he would be ashamed of his criticism to this Great Prophet whose purity and truthfulness were acknowledged and admired by his enemies before his friends and who was praised by his opponents before his lovers. Then, how do you justify criticizing this symbol of purity and truthfulness while you are steeped in sins and misdeeds?
His boyhood, his youthfulness and his middle age were open page in front of the people. He never surrendered to the pleasures, promiscuity or inhibitions during the prime of his youth, while his coevals were indulged in all types of indecencies. During the days of ignorance, all impermissible acts were permissible, but in spite of that, he was known by his purity, honesty, reverence and sobriety. When he started Da`wah no one of his enemies or opponents challenged him or called on the people: Come O my people and see this man, who himself was indulged in indecent acts and carnal desires and now he began inviting you to the purity, chastity and renunciation of desires. Such accusation has never been heard from anyone of his enemies though they were many and countless, who always were in the search of even his smallest defects to challenge him. If there was some thing blameworthy, surely it would have been the talk of the town.
On the contrary, people were reverting to Islam every day, they were attracted to him with sincerity, love and honor. They loved him more than their love for their parents, children, wealth rather than their own souls. `Umar ibn Al-Khttab reverted to Islam after he was a bitter enemy of the Prophet (peace be upon him), his hostility before his reversion to Islam, was as severe as the enmity of Abu-Jahl, but `Umar ibn Al-Khttab was fair and heard the voice of his mind.
I ask those who raise such questions have you lovers and admirers from across the world like he has? Are you trustworthy among your friends and colleagues as he was? The admirers of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) all over the world were and are and would be countless. Is this possible according to your mind for a person who was devoid of perfection and divine support? If you do not believe in his purity, then you are unable to believe in anything in this world or you are totally unaware of his life and it will never affect Islam at all, but surely you your self would be the loser.
His Marriage with `A’ishah
`A’ishah As-Siddiqah was the daughter of a best friend of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Actually, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq wished to marry his daughter to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and wanted to make a family relation with him by this way. This contract of marriage intended basically to fortify his ties with her father who supported him in his mission. `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) came into his marriage after he announced his Prophethood and her father Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was also eager to obtain an honor, blessing and privilege through this marriage. Those people were aware of the merits and excellence of the seal of the all prophets and messengers, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). She was physically fit for the marriage according to the customs of the Arabs. Thus `A’ishah, as a girl was able to observe and remember all the movements of the Prophet’s life and taught the people how he was as a family man.
The Opponents of the Prophet
It is noticeable that the most fierce opponents of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) never accused him of polygamy or marriage with `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), even though they fought him and his followers and killed many of them and tried their best to spread lies and baseless accusations against him and his followers in order to keep the people away from him and his message. This means that his marriage with `A’ishah never was a blemish; otherwise his opponents of his time would have been the first to raise such accusation.
(1)Muhammad ibnIsma`il Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami`a As-Sahih, edit. By Dr. Mustafa Dib Al-Bugha, the Book of Menstrual Periods, chapter: “A woman should rub her own body thoroughly during a bath after the menses”, Dar Ibn Kathir, 1993, Vol.1, p.119.
tags: arsa / asura / biyah / brahma / daiva / divorce / divorcee / equity / gandharva / hijab / modesty / niyog / paisacha / paisacha-vivaha / parvati / polygamy / prjapatya-vivaha / rakshasa-vivahaa / sati / second-marriage / shadi / shariah / veil / vivah / widows /
title: Insulting Religious Sanctity and its Grave Consequences,
It is important that the world community has begun to recognize and realize the importance of respecting religious sanctity and limits for freedom of expression and has begun to pay attention to this issue that surely will have a far-reaching impact in spreading security, safety and peace worldwide.
The Qur`an and Respecting the Sanctity of Others
Islam has already established a fair and objective basis for respecting the sanctity of other religions. The Glorious Qur’an forbids insulting gods or deities of other religions as it causes an exchange of insults between followers of the religions and leads to sectarian strife in the world.
Allah the Almighty has said in this regard:
“And do not insult those they invoke other than Allah, lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return and He will inform them about what they used to do.” (Al Ana`am: 108).
It is gratifying that the European Court has felt the seriousness of the issue and ruled insulting the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) not included in the freedom of expression.
Freedom of expression as defined by the European Court
The European court has ruled that insulting the Prophet Muhammad is not included in the content of freedom of expression or freedom of speech.
The decision by a seven-judge panel came after an Austrian national held two seminars in 2009 in which the prophet Muhammad was targeted and insulted.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled on Thursday 25th October 2018 that insulting Islam’s Prophet Muhammad is not covered by freedom of expression.
Defaming the Prophet “goes beyond the permissible limits of an objective debate” and “could stir up prejudice and put at risk religious peace.” the ruling stated.
The court said that the above-mentioned Austrian’s comments could not be covered by the freedom of expression, stating that it had found that “the applicant’s statements had been likely to arouse justified indignation in Muslims” and “amounted to a generalization without factual basis.”
Limits for Freedom of Expression
There is no doubt that a sound mind and an objective thinking definitely rules that freedom of expression must be restricted with respecting the feelings of others. No one is allowed to go out to the street and shout with foul words about the neighbors or the people of the region on the grounds that he is free to express and that he can say whatever he wants. And none should be allowed to write or publish what he wants on social media.
Undoubtedly, hurting the feelings is a central source for the most individual and collective conflicts and disputes in the world. The elimination of it is a guarantee for the elimination of many strife and destruction in the world. Therefore, developing programs or software that can automatically identify and remove any abuse and insult published on the internet is necessary and important these days.
The companies such as; Facebook, Twitter, Whats app and others should work for the solutions of this problem.
tags: arya-samaj / dayanad / european-court / freedom-of-expression / hindu / hindu-gods / hinduism / hindus / lakshami / lakshmi / lekhram / parvati / quran / sanctities / sarasvati / shivling / sita /
title: Kumar Harijan Accepted Islam,
In this video, you will watch a brother from Jharkhand, India, from Harijan community who traveled to Saudi Arabia and was impressed by the ethics and good behavior of Muslims until he intended to embrace Islam.
When Kumar was in India, he never imagined that he will become a Muslim one day but now he is satisfied and happy to be a Muslim.
tags: allah / amarnath / avtar / beef / bhagavata / bharat / caste / chamar / conversion / dalit / dharma / ganesh / gao-mata / gharvapsi / ghaznavi / god / harijan / hindi / hindu / hinduism / islam / kali / krishna / kumbh / mahabharat / muhammad / prophet / purana / quran / rama / ramayana / sanatan / sanskrit / shivling / sita / varanasi / vedas /
title: Sexuality in Islam and Hinduism (3/4),
Definition of adultery in Hinduism
In the part 1st and 2nd of this article, the philosophy of sexuality in Islam has been outlined. In this part, we will study and present the philosophy of sexuality in Hinduism in a comparative method. It is clear that Hindu religion according to its religious scriptures is neither absolute licentious nor absolute prohibitive, but inclines to both: the permissibility and prohibition. Similarly, Islam is not absolute licentious and absolutely forbidding, but some sorts of sexuality are permissible and some are prohibited. This is a point of convergence between the two religions in general.
One Wife between Brothers in Hinduism
There is no doubt that Islam forbids sharing wife with others, but allows one man to marry four women if the man is able to be fair between wives in fulfilling their marital rights and providing food, drink, dress and housing.
According to Hinduism, adultery is believed as an act involving, sexual intercourse between two individuals, of which one is married (not to the same person).
Adultery is sexual intercourse between a married man and a woman not his wife, or between a married woman and a man not her husband.
The definition of adultery as has been given by the prominent scholars of Hinduism is different from the definition of adultery in Islamic terminology. According to Islamic jurisprudence, in the definition of adultery, there is no condition of “married”.
So, Islamic jurisprudence regards as adultery if the sexual intercourse takes place between an unmarried man and woman or between married man and woman who are not husband and wife though both were agree for sex. Only condition is to be adult and grown-up and absence of marriage contract between the parties involved. Islam regards adultery even if the both parties were agreeing with the sexual activity but there was no contract of marriage between them.
The question: Is sexual intercourse with an unmarried woman permissible in Hinduism?
According to my study, there are at least two sorts of sexual relationship allowed in Hinduism out of marriage contract; Niyog and sexual intercourse with a prostitute with payment. We will explain with more detail in the following lines.
Is Prostitution Allowed in Hinduism?
Sexual intercourse with a strange woman and with a woman who has a child from her husband as well as with a woman, who is wife of a person, is prohibited in Hinduism. But the question is; if a woman is independent not a wife, and she does not have a child; is sexual intercourse with her a sort of adultery or not? But if we take the meaning that strange means who is not married with him then the ruling is similar in Hinduism and Islam. But some texts of Hinduism suggest that sexual intercourse with a prostitute who is not wife of a specific man is allowed.
Public Woman and Private Woman
It is important to point out here that the ancient Indians have classified women into two categories: a private and married woman who has a husband and this category of woman is not allowed to be a bed for another person. The other category is a public or unmarried woman who is free from the marriage bond with any specific man or she is a prostitute, in this case, there is no sin or blame in exercising sexual intercourse with her rather, it is allowed for a person to enjoy her body sexually because she is not specific to a certain man through marriage.
Is Prostitution Allowed in Hinduism?
Hindu kings in ancient times created a group of women to entertain and help some men traveling and visiting Hindu holy places, or soldiers and regiments on travel and fighting on the border or remote countries and their wives are not with them and they needed to enjoy the physical lust and sexual intercourse to fulfill their sexual needs with payment of some fees. In addition, this type of sexual intercourse had been regarded according to the Hindus a meritorious act and a sort of charity as adultery was only if the woman was married and has a husband. However, it was very bad act if the fee was not paid to the woman for the sexual intercourse. Additionally, it was among the practices of some Hindus to gift their beautiful young daughters to the Brahmins and religious mentors who served the Hindu temples expecting rewards from their gods. (1)
Is Adultery prohibited in Hinduism?
In the light of the sacred texts of Hindu scriptures, we can conclude that adultery in general is prohibited in Hinduism. Additionally, there are some punishments prescribed in Hinduism.
“With unknown women, with such beings as belong to the third sex, with women of loose morals, with the wives of others, and with maidens let not a man have union.”(2)
This text has two possibilities according to our understanding; the first one is that a person should not have a union by marriage, in other words a man is not allowed to marry those who were mentioned in the text. And the other meaning is that a man should not have a sexual intercourse with those who were mentioned because it is a sort of adultery.
The text is also clear in prohibiting the sexual affair with she-males (neither man nor woman) that were denoted by the third sex who are neither complete male nor complete female rather they are the third gender.
Sexual intercourse without marriage
Manusmriti forbids sexual intercourse with a virgin girl (without marriage). It consists of provisions for the atonement of this sin.
Carnal intercourse with sisters by the same mother, with (unmarried) maidens, with females of the lowest castes, with the wives of a friend, or of a son, they declare to be equal to the violation of a Guru’s bed.
He who has had sexual intercourse with sisters by the same mother, with the wives of a friend, or of a son, with unmarried maidens, and with females of the lowest castes, shall perform the penance, prescribed for the violation of a Guru’s bed. (Laws of Manu: 59, CHAPTER XI.)
In Hinduism Hell as a Punishment for the Adultery
It is also noteworthy that besides the unknown woman, the woman with child is named as forbidden in Mahabharata. Furthermore, in all cases a man must never approach the wife of another. For there is naught (curse) in the world which so shortens life as that the man on earth should visit the wife of another. (Manu, IV, 134). As many pores as are on women’s bodies, so many years will he sit in hell. (3)
Another Punishment for Adultery in Hinduism
The concept of re-birth in Hinduism is its identity; perhaps, the philosophy of re-birth is the common ground between the religious sects and sub-religions of India. Therefore, we find a punishment for adultery according to the philosophy of re-birth.
He who touches another’s wife is born as a wolf, as a dog, as a jackal, and then born as a vulture, a snake, a heron (a large fish-eating bird), as also a crane (long-legged and long-necked bird).
A bad character person who ruins his brother’s wife becomes for a year a Nightingale cock. Who satisfies his lust and puts his hands on the wife of his friend or his teacher (guru), or of the king, is born after death as a swine. He will be five years a swine, ten years a porcupine (an animal with a covering of long, sharp quills), five years a cat, ten years a cock, three months an ant, one month an insect, and then, having had these embodiments will be born in a worm’s existence. In this worm’s existence he will live fourteen months, and then, having atoned for his evil, be born again as a human being. For five offences, indeed, there is no atonement (nishkriti), through them a man becomes an outcast, unworthy of intercourse (asambhashya) with forefathers, gods, and pious men, goes to hell, is roasted there like a fish, and has to live there on matter and blood. These are: the murder of a Brahman, cow-slaying, intercourse with another’s wife, unbelief, and living on a woman (xiii, 130.37-40). In the same way Ram., iii, 38.30 teaches: “There is no greater sin than to touch another’s wife.” On the other hand xii, 35.25 prescribes, indeed, an atonement for him that seduces the wife of another; but it is noteworthy that it is the same vow of mortification that is also laid on the Brahman-murderer. The former, however, only need keep it for a year. “Then he is free of his sin.” This punishment falls on him “as a robber of another’s property.” (paradarapahari tu parasyapaharan vasu).
These texts clearly indicate that adultery is prohibited in Hinduism and entails a painful punishment in this world and in the Hereafter. In addition, this attitude of Hinduism is identical to that of Islam on this issue.
(1)Mirza Muhammad Kazim Barlas, Al-Hunood, Fath Al Kareem, Bombay, 1896, vol.3rd, p.415.
(2) Mahabharata, xii, 90.32.
(3) Sexual life in ancient India, p.246.
tags: arsa-vivaha / asura-vivaha / brahma-vivaha / daiva-vivaha / divorce / divorcee / dress-code / equity / gandharva-vivahaa / hijab / hindu-widows / hinduism / islam / islamic-law / kamasutra / modesty / niyog / oppression / paisacha-vivaha / parvati / polygamy / prjapatya-vivaha / rakshasa-vivahaa / sati / second-marriage / sexuality / shariah / veil /
title: Conversions to Religions in India,
Conversions to Religions in India
India has been a country open to diverse cultures and religions since time immemorial, and conversion from one religion to another remained common phenomenon since thousands of years. Hindus converted to Buddhism during the time of Ashoka (304 BC- 232 BC.), as well as to the Islamic and Christian culture after they came to know them. However, the conversion was an easy matter in the old but now it is on the contrary, it is really complicated and difficult, yet the phenomenon of conversion exists in India though it is rare, as we will discuss in these lines.
As many as 44 per cent people (749 out of 1,687) chose to embrace Islam in the last 43 months. This report came as a reply to an RTI (Right to Information Act) query and revealed the conversion statistics.
From 1,166 Hindus, 664 converted to Islam, followed by Buddhism (258), Christianity (138), Jainism (88), Sikhism (11) and other religions (7).
According to RTI report, around 44% (749 out of the total 1,687) embraced Islam, while only 21% people converted to Hinduism.
The information was provided by the Directorate of Government Printing and Stationery (DGPS), Mumbai in response to a query filed by an activist.
“As per the information recorded between June 10, 2014 and January 16, 2018, around 44 per cent (749 out of the total 1,687) embraced Islam, while only 21 per cent people converted to Hinduism,” it said.
It was also said in the report that total 263 Muslims changed their religion, of which 228 people (87 per cent) chose to become Hindu, while 12 embraced Buddhism, 21 Christianity and two converted to Jainism.
In addition, from the 16 Sikhs who changed their religion, 12 embraced Islam, and two each adopted Christianity and Jainism.
“These are the numbers recorded by the DGPS. It only maintains the record of the people who report to it. Otherwise, the actual number of people, who change their religion, is quite high.” as the activist has said.
When contacted, a senior official from the directorate said, “We have launched an online facility so that people can inform about change in religion. For those who are not much tech-savvy, we have 4,000 centers across the state, where they can inform us about their conversions.”
It is clear that Islam has the greatest share of these conversions, and that is because Islam is plain and clear in its doctrine, law, transactions and moral values. Moreover, most of those who convert to Islam embrace it after careful study, full understanding and serious reading. Also, in the converts to Islam we find that they are educated, learned and highly qualified, and they embrace Islam faithfully away from physical or financial greed.
As for those who left Islam and converted to another religion, as stated in the report, are simple people, uneducated and in extreme poverty, so they change the religion motivated and driven by material or financial greed. It is rare for an educated, learned, wealthy, wise Muslim to leave his religion, and embrace another religion.
tags: arsa-vivaha / asura-vivaha / brahma-vivaha / conversions-to / daiva-vivaha / featured / gandharva-vivahaa / gharwapsi / hijab / hinduism / india / islam / modesty / niyog / paisacha-vivaha / polygamy / prjapatya-vivaha / rakshasa-vivahaa / religions-in / shuddhi / veil /
title: A Hindu Girl Explains Islamic Teachings,
A Hindu Girl Explains Islamic Teachings
By एकता जोशी (Aikta Joshi)
The Religion Islam
* Islam teaches that we have to worship only One God who is everyone’s Creator and who has neither color nor shape. No one created Him but everything was created by Him.
* – Islam teaches that you have to give 2.5% to the poor from your earning by your hard work.
* – Islam teaches that if you help people, God will help you. And whatever you want for yourself you should like the same for others. Only by this, you can become a true Muslim.
* – Islam teaches that you should go hungry and thirsty from morning till the evening for one month so that you can realize what is hunger and thirst.
* – Islam teaches that if a daughter is born in your home, then do not be sad, because daughters represent a mercy from God. The father who raises the daughters and spends from his earning on them and he gets them married to a good family, deserves paradise.
* – Islam teaches that a best man is the one who deals with women with fair and good dealing.
* – Islam teaches that widows are not ill-fated and they should not be humiliated, instead, they have right to live a better life. So care for the widows and their children.
* – Islam teaches that when Muslims perform prayers, they should stand together, shoulder to shoulder, because humans are equal to each other. There is no concept of higher and lower.
* – Islam teaches that Muslims should behave well their neighbors, regardless, you know them or not. And feed your neighbors before you eat.
* – Islam teaches that alcohol and gambling are the roots of all evils. So, keep yourself away from them.
* – Islam teaches that a laborer must be paid his wages instantly before his sweat dries. It is too bad take curses from a poor or orphan, as it ruins the person.
* – Islam teaches that a person must free from jealousy (envy) because, this spiritual disease spoils the good deeds (virtues) as the termite spoils the wood.
* – Islam teaches that the greatest jihad is to kill the self desires and to fight the ego.
* – Islam teaches that if you want to be happy, do not look at rich but look at the poor, and you will be happy. In addition, treating people well is the highest virtue in Islam.
* – Islam teaches to follow always the path of ethics and truth. A Muslim has to speak the truth; to keep the promises, and not to hurt anyone’s heart.
* – Islam teaches that the worst feast is the one in which the rich are invited, but the poor are avoided.
* –Islam teaches that water must be used only as needed as wasting water without any reason is a sin.
* – Islam teaches that throwing away any harmful thing from the way a great good deed.
* – Islam teaches that if your eyes fell at any strange woman, lower your eyes, because it is a sin to see foreign woman with a bad eye.
tags: arsa-vivaha / asura-vivaha / brahma-vivaha / daiva-vivaha / gandharva-vivahaa / girl / hijab / hinduism / islam / modesty / niyog / paisacha-vivaha / polygamy / prjapatya-vivaha / rakshasa-vivahaa / veil /
title: First Month; Muharram in Hijri Calendar,
Calendar among the Arabs before Islam
The Arabs before Islam did not adopt a calendar of their own to chronicle their events. However, they relied in their reckoning of years on some important historical events took place among them, such as the outbreak of a war or death of a leader or some famous incident like the incident of elephant, when one of the kings of Himyar in Yemen came riding his elephant to demolish the Ka’abah, but he and his solders were destroyed by a divine miracle the year when the Prophet Muhammad (peace of Allah and His blessings be upon him) was born.
How did the Hijri Calendar begin?
The Hijri calendar is the chronicle standard used in Muslim societies. The calendar starts from the first Hijri year, which corresponds to 622A.D.. During that year, the Prophet Muhammad (peace of Allah and His blessings be upon him) and his followers migrated from Mecca to Al Madinah now in Saudi Arabia. This migration was an escape from the tyranny of his opponents in Mecca after he invited them to One God. 17 years after the migration, a confusion took place in the date of a letter by the second caliph `Umar ibn al-Khattab (may God be pleased with him) to Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (may God be pleased with him). Then Abu Musa sent to the caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him), saying: O Commander of the Believers, the letters come to us, with a date of the month Sha`aban, and we do not know which Sha`aban was that; the current year or the past year? The complaint led to a the birth of a new Islamic Annual Calendar or the Hijri Calendar that is abbreviated as A.H.=after Hijrah (migration) or H.=Hijrah.
Before the decision, there was discussion between the companions (may Allah be pleased with them). One of them suggested that the calendar should be calculated from the year of birth of the Prophet Muhammad (peace of Allah and His blessings be upon him) and others suggested that the year of his death will be the first year but the companions (may Allah be pleased with them) agreed to start from the year of his migration to Al Madinah. Migration was a great event in Islamic history that changed the fate of the Muslim nation. After that there was discussion on the first month in Islamic Calendar; some suggested the month of Rajab as the first month, and others recommended the month of Ramadan as the first, while other companions said Dhu’l-Hijjah as the first month. However, in the last, the month of Muharram has been decided as the first month in Islamic Calendar.
The new Hijri Calendar was decided two and a half years after the succession of the second caliph `Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) specifically in the month of Rabi`a Al Al-Awwal 16 A.H..
The Indian calendar is based on the lunar system. In one year, there are twelve months. There are different ways to calculate the beginning of the month in Hindi calendar but the most common is that the new month begins after the new moon’s birth. The month of Chitra is the first month and Phaguna is last month in Hindi calendar. For reckoning the year, different standards have been used in Indian calendar. However, the most common is the Vikrami era, beginning with the coronation of King Vikram Aditya in 57 B.C. And another standard is the era of Shaka, counting from 78 A.D..
Similarity between Hijri Calendar and Hindi Calendar
The similarity between the Hijri calendar and the Hindi calendar is that both are based on the lunar system, and both have twelve months and seven days in a week and each day has a specific name in both calendars.
The Islamic calendar and the Hindi calendar both are closely linked to their religious festivals, practices, celebrations and worships. In Islam, the beginning and end of Ramadan and the ritual of pilgrimage are based on the moon sighting. On other hand, in Hinduism, Holi, Deepavali, Durga Puja, and Dasehra, etc. are based on the lunar system.
In addition, the Hindi calendar is much older than the the Hijri calendar. As the Hindi calendar dates back to the pre-Christian period, while the Hijri dates back to fourteen hundred and forty years only.
tags: amarnath / arya-samaj / banaras / calendar / dayanad / hijri / hindu / hindu-gods / hinduism / hindus / idolatry / islam / lakshami / lakshmi / lekhram / madinah / migration / panchanga / parvati / sarasvati / shivling / sita / varanasi / yamuna / %e0%a4%aa%e0%a4%9e%e0%a5%8d%e0%a4%9a%e0%a4%be%e0%a4%99%e0%a5%8d%e0%a4%97 /
title: A Jain Professor Accepted Islam,
Introduction by Editorial Staff
This video presents a Jain man of higher education with high academic qualifications and an academic man who was on the religion of Jainism, one of the oldest religions in the Indian Subcontinent. He belongs to the Digambara sect, a religious group whose religious leaders are seen naked and barefoot who are called Digambara (or Sky-Clad) because its monks go naked to show their complete disconnection from worldly affiliation whose dress are mere sky nothing else.
He converted to Islam with strong insight, deep knowledge and real understanding. He argued with his father in religious issues continuously for a long time lasted about three years. After his father failed to convince him, he informed the police about his son’s conversion to Islam.
The Brother in Police Station
The brother was summoned in the police station to take his statements, his supporters were afraid that the brother will be harmed by the police. However, Allah helped him until the police became his helper. The brother points out that obtaining the certificate for conversion to Islam by the relevant governmental administration is very difficult for which he has suffered many problems and difficulties for many years.
The brother states that the teachings of Islam left a good impact in his personality and changed him to the better in every aspect of life as he totally abandoned lying, backbiting and gossip and gave the rights to the owners until his father described him saying: “my son now has become like pure gold, but foolish.”
He studied the various religions, such as Jainism, Hinduism and Islam, and argued with their religious leaders until he was convinced that Islam truth.
Some Advises and Recommendations:
First: The love of Allah must surpass the love of all. Love of must be higher always over the love for father, mother, wife, son, daughter and others.
Second: Satan always try to cast in the hearts of new reverts the ugly image of some Muslims who never represent Islam to keep them away from the pure and bright message Islam, so we must not pay attention to the tricks of devil.
Third: The new Muslims must show determination, courage and bravery to confront hatred, criticism, insults and problems to distance from Islam and its divine message.
tags: acharya / ahimsa / allah / amarnath / angels / avtar / beef / bhagavata / bharat / bihar / conversion / dharma / digambaras / ganesh / gao-mata / gharvapsi / ghaznavi / god / hindi / hindu / hinduism / islam / jain / kali / krishna / kumbh / mahabharat / mahavira / muhammad / prophet / purana / quran / rama / ramayana / sanatan / sanskrit / shivling / sita / svetambaras / tirthankara / vaishali / varanasi / vardhamana / vedas /
title: Blessings of Islam on Hindus (1/2),
Why do some people hate Muslims?
We have noticed that the fierce campaigns and despicable accusations by some opponents of Islam have increased in these days. In fact, these campaigns spring from jealousy, hatred, and extreme detestation to Islam and its people, while the message of Islam has brought a lot of goodness, blessings and mercy to the entire mankind.
Islam triggered a real revolution against injustice and corruption in all areas of human life; belief, constitution, morality and social affairs. Islam shifted people from inhumanity to humanity, from destruction to construction, from loss to progress, from failure to success, from death to life.
This fact was deeply-rooted in the hearts of opponents before the lovers and followers of Islam and many of them admitted these facts in their explicit words and many of them have accepted Islam, declaring themselves as Muslims.
In this article, we are going to present some of the blessings and good things of Islam that were enjoyed even by Hindus and non-Muslims who did not embrace Islam and remained on their own religion or thought. Indeed, they enjoyed those blessings and still enjoy them, but they forgot or did not recognize what the sources of these blessings and causes of that prosperity were.
Through these lines, we would like to draw their attention to the source of that general welfare. Perhaps, it will drive them to Islam or at least, will lessen their hostility to Islam and Muslims.
An Important Historical Account by an English Traveler
I am putting here an important historical document about economic prosperity during the last years of Muslim rule in India. This document reveals some very dangerous colonial plans to eliminate the Islamic civilization in the Indian subcontinent. You can imagine if this prosperity and affluence was during the days of decay and weakness of the Moghals, let alone the days of strength and endure and stability. The document says:
The British rule in the Indian subcontinent was between 1858 and 1947 and this document dates back to 1835, which means that the English traveler has described the condition of the Indian subcontinent during the last decades of the Muslim rulers.
This was the situation during the days of Islamic rule, but before Islam, the circumstances in India in all fields had been deteriorating.
Before Islam, women were humiliated in Hindu society, the birth of a girl was a kind of bad luck amongst Hindus, and the widow was burnt with her dead husband. There was no concept of a second marriage for widows. It was the blessing of Islam on Hindu girls that saved them from humiliation and death. The Muslim rulers in India always tried to abolish the heinous custom of Sati trying to enact the second marriage for the widows. This fact is so clear that could not be denied by a fair and equitable person.
The Hindu scriptures such as the Vedas, Manu Shastr, Mahabharat, the writings of travelers and historians shed some light on the religious and social situation of Hindus, regardless of the truthfulness or falsehood of those scriptures, which are held as an authority by the majority of Hindus.
A comparison between the cultural, social and religious conditions of Hindus before the advent of Islam in the Indian subcontinent and between their life after the advent of Islam show clear difference. In fact, the advent of Islam in India has changed the cultural, social and religious map of India completely. The Islamic civilization and Muslim’s culture led to a unique improvement and matchless prosperity in all fields. Although, this fact does not need a deep study, it needs only some amount of neutrality and impartiality and one can identify this fact without any hesitation. This fact is as firm and well-founded as the existence of Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Qutub Minar and Char Minar that were built by the Muslim rulers. Can you deny this fact?
There is considerable evidence indicating that all walks of life in the Indian subcontinent have benefited from Islam and Muslims, but the history of Muslims in India was mostly in Persian, and Arabic, and now Hindus are unable to read the Muslim’s history in its authentic resources due to their lack of knowledge of those languages that were prevalent in the era of Muslim rule in India. However, the medieval Hindus were fluent in the language of the Muslims and were aware of Islamic culture that is why they always highly respected Islam and Muslims unlike the new generation who grew up in the era of colonialism or after that who refer to the oriental authors who distorted the history of Muslims in India. This is the main reason for their enmity to Muslims.
The philological origin of the names of different objects and materials of clothing and covering would give an interesting insight into the economic and social developments that took place as a result of introduction of Islam into India.
The author of Islamic Influence on Indian Society says in this regard:
“The production of goods which would satisfy more and more sophisticated needs and tastes became the hallmark of civilization, and the result is seen in the impressive variety of utensils, vessels, objects of decoration and use and ornaments in copper, brass, silver and gold. In textile designs and carpets, we also observe a rich diversity. There is reason to believe that tailored clothing became common only after the establishment of Turkish Muslim rule in northern India.” (1)
Some Characteristics of Islamic Civilization
Muslim civilization was urban, and for Muslims the life is the life of the city. We shall appreciate the significance of this if we remember that though there were prosperous cities in pre-Muslim India, the tradition that religious instruction should not be imparted in the noise and dust of cities was fairly well established, and that it is considered meritorious for a person to retire into the forest in old age. The religious-minded among the Hindus have tended to move away from cities. Among Muslims, on the other hand, the mosque is the outstanding symbol of religious life; it is considered meritorious to perform prayers in congregation and the larger the congregation the more conscious the community is of its religion. We could say, therefore, that the religious tendency among Hindus has been against urbanization and among Muslims strongly in favor of it. The number of cities multiplied considerably during the Muslim period, and their size also increased. In none of the larger and more important cities was the number of Muslims larger than that of the Hindus nor were they economically more prosperous. Urbanization, therefore, may be regarded as a Muslim contribution to Indian life.(2)
Along with urbanization came certain inevitable changes. The architecture had to be developed. There are numerous masterpieces of this art as evolved by the Muslims all over the country.
Tara Chand says in this regard:
“India has been the meeting place of conflicting civilizations. Through its northwestern gates migrating hordes and conquering armies have poured down in unending succession, bringing with them like the floods of Nile much destruction, but also valuable deposits which enriched the ancient soil, out of which grew ever fresher and ever more luxuriant cultures.”(3)
The analogy of Tara Chand, to the Nile flood, which creates some destruction with many valuable deposits, is true with Muslims in a positive side only; as Muslims never brought any kind of harm to Indian people, they brought with them pure goodness and prosperity to them. On the other hand, we can say that the other foreign operations such as the invasion of Aryans who came to India with pure evil. When they came to India they expelled the native Indians to the forests and mountains and seized their land, enslaved them, inflicted heavy losses and widespread damage on Drawardians; innovated the caste system in order to oppress the native inhabitants, unlike Muslims who entrusted to Hindus the most important managerial positions in a large ratio in their states regardless of difference in belief and religion which is the instruction of Islam in treatment with non-Muslims.
(1) Mujeeb, M., Islamic Influence on Indian Society, Meenakshi Prakashan, Delhi, 1972, pp. ix-x.
(3) Tara Chand, Influence Of Islam On Indian Culture, The Indian Press Ltd Allahabad, 1935, p. 3.
tags: arya-samaj / banaras / bhagwan / brahmu-samaj / buddhism / caste-system-2 / diyanand / ganga / hindu / hinduism / idolatry / jagannath / jainism / kumbh-maila / lakshmi / lekhram / lord / paganism / parmatma / parmeshwar / polytheism / prophethood / sarasvati / sati / sikh / sikhism / varanasi / vishnu / yamuna /
title: What Is the Qur’an?,
The word “Qur’an” comes from the Arabic verb, qara’a meaning “to recite”, “to read”. According to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the command given to him by Gabriel three times in the cave of Hira was “Iqra'” or read. Prophet Muhammad replied, “I do not read”? Thus, the word that was sent down by Allah Almighty through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad is known as the Glorious Qur’an.
The Glorious Qur’an includes instructions of Allah Almighty for Prophet Muhammad and his followers over the 23-years, from A.D. 610 to his departure in 632. The revelations, in the Glorious Qur’an are from an identical book located in Heaven, revealed through the angel Gabriel.
What is the Qur’an?
The Glorious Qur’an is the very word of Allah, revealed through Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad. The language of the Glorious Qur’an is Arabic, the dialect belonged to the Quraysh tribe, the tribe entrusted with the city of Mecca and the tribe Prophet Muhammad’s family was a part of.
The Glorious Qur’an is divided into 114 chapters, called surah(s), these chapters, with the exception of the first are generally arranged according to length. Surah 2, Al-Baqarah, is the longest chapter in the Glorious Qur’an.
The chapters of the Glorious Qur’an also have a title derived from a word within the text; these titles necessarily have a link to the subject manner in the surah, from which it is derived. The titles have names such as Al-Baqarah “The Cow” and An-Nisa’, “Women” An-Nahl “The Bee”, etc.
In the beginning of every surah, there is a short prayer, the Basmalah, which says “In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious the Most Merciful”. This prayer is at the start of every surah except the ninth Surah At-Tawbah.
The verses of the surah, called ayah vary in size (pl, ‘Ayat). The Glorious Qur’an is written in rhyme prose, saj`a a style similar to the prose that is unique style, different from poetry and prose.
The Glorious Qur’an is the speech of Allah Almighty that was talked to Gabriel in order to convey it to the Prophet Muhammad. Allah refers to Himself as “We” or “I” and Prophet Muhammad is addressed by “Say”. Prophet Muhammad was ordered by his Lord to tell the message Allah has given him is Allah’s final messenger to the world and Prophet Muhammad is the “seal of the prophets”.
How was the Glorious Qur’an revealed?
The Glorious Qur’an is the written text of the revelation which Muhammad received from Allah Almighty. The account of how Muhammad first received the revelation of the Glorious Qur’an is recorded in the traditions of the Prophet and by early Islamic historians who explained the events.
In the year A.D. 610, Prophet Muhammad was forty-years old. When he was mediating in the cave of Hira’ he received his call to Prophethood. This Prophetic call was the beginning of the Glorious Qur’an. A Muslim historian, Muhammad H. Haykal, reports the events of Muhammad’s call, according to Islamic traditions as follows:
One day, while Muhammad was in the cave, an angel approached him. The angel said to Muhammad, “Read.” Muhammad answered, “I do not read.” He felt as if the angel had strangled and then released him and heard once more the command, “Read.” Muhammad’s reply was, “I do not read.” Once more he felt the angel strangling and then releasing him, and he heard him repeat the command, “Read.” For the third time Muhammad answered, ” I do not read.” fearful that this time the strangling would be stronger. The angel replied, “Read in the name of your Lord, Who Created, created man of a clot of blood. Read! Your Lord is Most Gracious. It is He Who taught man by the pen that which he does not know. [Al-`Alaq 96:1-5]
Muhammad recited these verses, repeating them after the angel who withdrew after they were permanently carved upon his memory. Thus the earliest of the biographies reported, and so did ibn Is’haq.
Muhammad went home and confided to his wife, Khadijah about what just happened in the cave, he confessed he feared on himself, she reassured Prophet Muhammad (peace be up on him). Khadijah then went to her cousin Waraqah ibn Nawfal, who was had some knowledge of previous scriptures, she was eager for advice regarding Prophet Muhammad (peace be up on him). Upon hearing the events regarding Muhammad, Waraqah declared him a prophet of Allah to the whole world.
As Muhammad entered his house he asked Khadijah to wrap him in blankets. She could see that her husband was shivering as if struck with high fever. When he calmed down, he cast toward his wife the glance of a man in need of rescue and said, “O Khadijah, what has happened to me?” He told her of his experience and intimated to her his fear. She said to him, “Joy to my cousin! Be firm. By him who dominates Khadijah’s soul I hope that you are the Prophet of Allah Almighty. By God, He will not let you down. You are kind to your kin; your speech is always true; you rescue the weary; entertain the guest and help the truth to prevail. When Waraqah was informed about the event of Angel Gabriel he broke into these words: “Holy, Holy! By Him who dominates Waraqah’s soul, if your report is true, O Khadijah, this must be the Great Spirit that spoke to Moses. Muhammad must be the Prophet of Allah.
From this point forward, the angel who appeared to the Prophet Muhammad would come back over the remaining 22 years of his life, from forty to age sixty-two, giving him further revelations. The 114 Surahs recorded in the Glorious Qur’an are linked to the periods in Muhammad’s life, until his death in A.D. 632. The method of revelation was not always the same according to Islamic tradition.
Source: www.truthnet.org. with modifications.
tags: allah / almighty / angel / caste / cave-of-hira / divine-message / gabriel / ganges / glorious-quran / hiduisim / hindu / hindu-scriptures / idolatory / incarnation / lakshmi / messengers / monkey-god / paganism / parmeshwar / polytheism / prophethood / revelation-of-the-quran / river / snake / statues-hindu-gods / vyshyas / yamuna-arya-samaj /
title: Do Muslims Worship the Kabah?,
By Editorial Satff
We hear many people here and there who ask: Do Muslims Worship the Ka`bah? If not then why Muslims go to it? In, fact, this type of misunderstanding is raised by those who misapprehend the true status of Ka`bah in Islam. They think that Ka`bah is like their deities or idols, but it is not a deity or an idol in Islam.
We would like to declare that Muslims always adhere to the commands of Allah (Glory be to Him) and the instructions of His Messenger (peace be upon him).
Facing the direction of Qiblah (prayer direction) is a condition of the validity of prayer in common situations. There is no controversy on this issue. Allah the Almighty says:
So turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram. And wherever you [believers] are, turn your faces toward it [in prayer]. (Al-Baqarah 2:144)
However, there are some exceptions in this ruling according to some urgent conditions, where a person is unable to face the direction of Ka`bah, such as the prayer of fear (during a war) and non-obligatory prayer for a person traveling on a riding animal or any other means of transportation. In these cases and similar situations, facing the direction of Ka`bah is an un-obligatory issue and the prayer is valid if it was performed to any direction.
As Allah the Almighty says:
And to Allah belongs the east and the west. So wherever you [might] turn, there is the Face of Allah. Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. (Al-Baqarah 2:115)
Islam urges Muslims to face the Ka`bah during the prayer to symbolize the concept of unity among all Muslims all over the globe. If the issue is left open to everybody, everyone will be facing a different direction and this might cause disunity.
All Muslims understand that the Ka`bah is just a symbol and does not harm or benefit anyone.
Muslims also go around the Ka`bah in Hajj to symbolize the divine unity of Allah the Almighty. At certain times during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him) Bilal (may Allah be pleased with) stood on the Ka`bah and gave the Adhan. If there is any kind of worship, they would not have done that.
But they have taken besides Him gods which create nothing, while they are created, and possess not for themselves any harm or benefit and possess not [power to cause] death or life or resurrection. (Al-Furqan 25:3)
The Glorious Qur’an says in this regard:
And We sent not before you any messenger except that We revealed to him that, “There is no deity except Me, so worship Me.” (Al-Anbiya’ 21:25)
Muslims Worship only the Lord of Ka`bah not the Ka`bah
It is strange to label Islam with idolatry, while Islam has been characterized across its history with the principle of monotheism in all aspects of human action, including: faith, worship, dealing and actions. Since its advent until today, monotheism has been its identity just as the concept of rebirth is the distinctive feature of Hinduism.
Every Muslim in the world, whether educated or un-educated, intellectual or non-intellectual announces clearly that Allah is the One Who must be worshipped Alone and not the Ka`bah or anything else. Indeed, Muslims turn their faces to the direction of Ka`bah during the prayer because Allah (Glory be to Him) has ordered them to do so. That is why they implement the Command of Allah the Almighty in order to obey Him and worship Him. The implementation of His Orders and Commands has been regarded in Islam as the most meritorious kind of worship. Worship in Islam is not directed to Ka`bah itself rather it is directed to the Lord of Ka`abh, the Lord of the whole universe. In addition, Muslim jurists have concluded that the Muslims who live in distant places or in other countries and could not see Ka`bah in front of them during their prayer, such people do not need to face the physical building of Ka`bah directly. For such Muslims, it is enough to face the direction of Ka`bah only and their prayer is valid. This is unlike the idols of Hindus who set idols of their gods in every home and shop. Also they carry them wherever they go or travel. Hindu temples are also filled with idols and statues of their gods, while the mosques of Muslims in any country or place of the world are completely free from all kinds of images and statues.
Bayt Al-Maqdis: The First Qiblah of Muslims
It is noteworthy here that Muslims in the beginning of Islam used to turn their faces to the direction of Bayt Al-Maqdis in Jerusalem during their prayers, because the Prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him) and his followers were ordered by Allah the Almighty to turn their faces to the Bayt Al-Maqdis. Thereafter, Allah (Glory be to Him) ordered them to turn their faces to the direction of Ka`bah in Makkah, since then the Muslims began turning their faces to Ka`bah implementing the Command of Allah the Almighty. Thus it has become clear that Muslims are merely bound by the orders of their Lord the Almighty. When He (Glory be to Him) ordered them to face the direction of Bayt Al-Maqdis they obeyed His Command sincerely and when they were ordered again to face the direction of Ka`bah they implemented it immediately. That is why Allah is worshipped and He is obeyed in all cases, not the Ka`bah as was misunderstood by some people.
tags: alms-giving / amarnath / arya-samaj / banaras / dayanad / declaration-of-faith / do-muslims-worship-the-kabah / fasting / featured / ganga / hindu-gods / idolatry / jagannath / kabah / kumbh-maila / lakshmi / lekhram / makkah / pilgrimage / sarasvati / saudi-arabia / shivling / tirath / varanasi / worship / yamuna / yatra /